• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using sample studies, outline the factors that impact upon coastal environments and discuss the management strategies that can be put in place to protect coastal environments.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GEOGRAPHY Question: Using sample studies, outline the factors that impact upon coastal environments and discuss the management strategies that can be put in place to protect coastal environments. There are many types of factors that impact upon coastal environments. Physical effects, such as erosion and chemical weathering, shape the coastline and determine the formation of dunes. Human activities also affect the coastal environments waters and beaches, with impacts from pollution, boating, industrial uses and fishing. Management strategies have been put into place to manage the coastal environment. For example, sand pumping and sea walls to re-create coasts, and educational programmes to keep coasts protected. Coasts are effected by physical elements that can shape the coastal headlands and in turn, shape the beach. The main factor changing the coastal environment is erosion. Erosion is the gradual wearing or eating away and destruction of something and it can occur on many different sites on the beach, including sand. At Collaroy beach, significant beach erosion was taking place, due to the destruction of the foredune. ...read more.

Middle

Dee Why Lagoon had a major concern with pollution, as it when the lagoon's access to the sea is blocked, lots of pollution accumulates. Nutrient-rich runoff is a major problem because it causes algae to grow, which can be poisonous to animals and emits a stagnant smell as it rots. Pollution from industrial uses have very bed effects upon the coastal environment. It effects the animals and plants in the ocean, causing them to have defects or killing them, and spreads outside the beach, because of birds and fish. Fishing is another activity which humans are heavily involved in, and cause problems for the coastal environment. Net fishing can destroy schools of fish, by catching them and selling them as a product in markets. The absence of the fish will lead to other changes in the coastal environment, among the ecosystems. Development is another major issue which effect coastal areas. At Collaroy Beach, urban development caused the destruction of the dune system, because they accelerated the rates of beach erosion. ...read more.

Conclusion

Groynes were also placed on the Gold Coast, where development along the coastline was becoming a major issue. Vegetation was also planted to stabilise the banks, and sand pumping was the main strategy used, to accumulate more sand at the Southern end of the beach. On Sydney's northern beaches, such as Collaroy, sea walls were built in an effort to protect the housing and apartments around the coastline, as well as stop the foredune from eroding. Councils also involve strategies which are based more around the community and their awareness of the beach, rather than trying to manage the actual coast. Educational programmes teach children about caring for their coastal environment, and 'buy-back' schemes are sometimes put in place by the council, in an effort to buy back land which is close to the shore. In conclusion, there are many factors that influence the coastal environment. Both nature and humans contribute to shaping the coast, because of their physical elements and human activities. In the cases where these factors have caused problems to the coast, management strategies have been put into place to manage the shore as well as educate the community. Laura Stevenson Year 11 Geography Mrs. Schumacher 1 8/05/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Coastal Landforms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Coastal Landforms essays

  1. "An investigation into the methods of coastal management along Brighton's Coastline and the reasons ...

    We may come across many sizes and shapes of pebbles as a result of evidentially just picking out any one. So we have decided a layout in which it will be implemented as. > Tourism Questionnaires This is critical data to be found, as what Brighton consists of will be found out via a 'questionnaire'.

  2. Mullaghmore Sand Dune Fieldwork

    The first being human error. This is going to come into account for every experiment that is ever carried out. Limitations that could have affected our results were: * The land was undulating and the grass and weeds were in the way which prevented us from laying the tape measure down flat which meant that it wasn't exactly 10 metres apart.

  1. Coastal erosion problems in Walton on the Naze

    1. Limitations: The beach material data could have been more accurate as we had to estimate it, a solution to this is to weigh each material and take a percentage from that.

  2. How can human activity affect slopes?

    However, having identified some possible human causes to disasters associated with slopes, it is rarely one action that induces accidents, it is often the accumulation of activities that cause disasters. It is found that urban areas are more susceptible to mass movement disasters and having occurred, the repair of various articles is expensive.

  1. Human impact on climax vegetation.

    Pollution caused by humans can affect vegetation for example acid rain, which via air currents can travel globally precipitating at any point of the world. Acid rain kills plants and can change the balance of nutrients in the soil destroying or favouring certain types of plants.

  2. Is it the physical landscape that attracts tourists to Swanage and Studland?"

    we could do it differently: * Car park survey - problems we had where there was not enough cars and the new registration plates meant we cant find where is from but the biggest problem was that the registration plate didn't tell use where the people have traveled from it only tells us where the car was registered.

  1. Herne Bay is situated along the stretch of the North Kent coast in Southeast. ...

    * Determine the direction of long shore drift * Compare the differences of ALL the above on unprotected and protected sites * To draw an accurate conclusion from what I have discovered Hypothesis Long shore Drift (Retention of Sand) The predominant direction of long shore drift along this coast is from east to west.

  2. Examine the role of vegetation in the initiation and morphological development of coastal dune ...

    Dune plants are xenomorphic, i.e. they have adapted to tolerating dryness. They have long roots that reach down to the lower, humid sand layers, and their stems can survive bending by the wind. As you can see from the diagram above (Figure 2), the sand dunes are divided into zones.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work