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Using the example of river basins & flooding in south west England, examine the impact of natural Hazards upon human activity.

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Introduction

Using the example of river basins & flooding In south west England, examine the impact of natural Hazards upon human activity. A Hazard is a naturally occurring event which has the potential to cause loss of life or property. Floods are an excellent example of a frequent hazards which occurs in the United Kingdom. Two of the best recorded floods in the West Country are those at Lynmouth in 1952 and Mendips in 1968. The Lynmouth flood was funnelled down from the higher areas of Exmoor, where the bedrock is impermeable rock, through deep V-shaped valleys. Whereas the Mendips flood had been caused by a storm at the top of the hills, which had been absorbed at the time, but as it filtered down it reached impermeable rock and was forced to the surface at Mendips, causing a flood. ...read more.

Middle

The Mendips flood resulted in less deaths than the Lynmouth flood, only 7 fatalities occurred, but the damaged area was much more wide spread. As with the Lynmouth flood, artificial structures put in place to reduce flood damage made the matters worse. The flood surged through the area, leaving boulders, destroying cars and damaging many houses, 35 people needed to be re-housed and one farmer lost 40,000 chickens, 67 bridges were destroyed and Weston-Super-Mare was cut off by landslides. Floods cause many impacts to humans lives, this can include damage to buildings, caused by both water invading the house and damaging property or by debris being thrown into buildings causing physical damage, fire hazards can be created after the flood water has ...read more.

Conclusion

In both MEDC's and LEDC's floods can causes infrastructual damage which could mean that the area becomes cut off from rescuers or aid agencies trying to help, this happened in Weston-Super-Mare. In conclusion, floods have many impacts on human lives, these have been discovered from previous floods which have killed people and damaged much property. But these losses have lead to many new flood prevention ideas, including better evacuation plan, improved warning systems and more land-use zoning restrictions. Human activity is always effected drastically if there is a hazardous event in the area, there is preparation before the hazard, evacuation and protection during and cleaning up and helping after the event, eventually life returns to normal for the victims. ...read more.

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