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Waste Management Practices in the United Kingdom

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Introduction

Town and Country planning aspects of waste management GGY 259H Geography and Planning Waste Management Practices in the United Kingdom Abstract Complete removal of waste is a task that will probably never be possible. Therefore there should be a balance between the amount of waste that is produced and the amount reused. There have been many suggestions as to how this should be done over the recent decades. Recently the suggestion has been the development of sustainable waste management. Aims and Objectives 'Waste is undesirable, but nevertheless an inevitable and inherent product of our social, economic, and cultural life.' (Kharbanda and Stallworthy, Waste Management, 1990) This report aims to achieve several clear objectives. The basis of the report is to outline waste management practices, particularly on a regional and national scale. This will go on to a general overview that is intended to show possible future changes in waste production and management. To find these things out the following questions will need to be answered: 1. What waste do we manage? 2. Why do we manage it? 3. How do we manage the waste? Looking at the first question, waste will have to be defined, and the amount that we produce as a nation will be looked at. ...read more.

Middle

It also states that it is the responsibility of the state to dispose of the waste without endangering human health or without harming the environment. To prevent the risk to the public, most is taken straight to the disposal site, so for obvious reasons the workforce they are at the greatest risk. The workforce involved with collection, storage, transport, treatment and the disposal must therefore take the special precautions. Environmental Risk Concern over the protection of the environment has increased, as there has been a growing realisation that it has a limited capacity to cope with waste. Pollution affects the ground, water and air that in turn can have an effect on human health. How do we mange waste? European Law Although EC legislation is not directly imposed obligations, they do have a marked effect on the member states policy making. In the last 22o years the European Commission has shown increasing concern over the way waste in being managed, has introduced specific requirements regarding the control for waste and the operation of sites for the disposal of waste. One of the most important directives is 91/156/EEC. The legislation sets out the requirement for the member states to arrange for preparation of waste management schemes. ...read more.

Conclusion

It recognised all options of the national hierarchy and their role. It also established that there would always be some unavoidable waste that can only be landfilled. Some key objectives were: * Minimisaton of household waste by individuals. * Establish facilities to manage and dispose of waste produced over the next 25 years * Reach recycling/composting of 25% by the year 2000 and 40% by 2005 * Chose management options which represent the optimum balance between environment an economic costs; the benefit to human health and environmental protection. Conclusion Waste will always be a problem for the human race as it is a product of activity and development. It is therefore of great importance that it is controlled and managed in the best way possible. The UK has followed much of the guidelines set by the European Commission, in it bid to manage waste better. Landfill sites are becoming a quick and easy solution, to a long-term problem. The future in waste management strategies lies in recycling, and re-use. This will reduce the amount of fresh resources being used and reduce the amount of waste that is being dumped in landfill sites. Sustainable development is a term that can be related to the importance of waste management, and it will ultimately require detailed planning and management in the way the earth's waste is managed. ...read more.

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