• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Affect has the outward movement of retailing office and service provision had on: Surrounding rural Settlements; City Centres

Extracts from this document...


What Affect has the outward movement of retailing office and service provision had on: Surrounding rural Settlements; City Centres a.) The Retail Revolution that has been occurring in waves since the 1970's was such a shift in the way in which our services are provided that consequences for surrounding areas were inevitable. With the first wave of decentralisation of the inner city areas supermarket food industries left to edge-of-city sites causing much strain on the need for corner shops which in comparison to the mega-stores were of low variety and unattractive to shoppers. This coupled with the fact that the residents of rural areas were increasingly becoming more mobile meant that there was an overall decline in general store and corner shops in many rural areas that neighboured large cities. With a decline in services available close by there are always going to be people who lose out. For instance older residents that perhaps have lived in these villages for a long time may not be car owners. ...read more.


In more suburban areas including rural areas that have become suburbanised due to urban sprawl another consequence of decentralisation is apparent. Along the edge of Leeds places like Moortown and Headingly we noticed that District centres were catering for their local communities. In Moortown there was a clear Jewish presence in the area and in Headingly a student orientated district centre. Both examples of how the change in retail provision is affecting change. People can afford to be more demanding and to go farther afield to find what they want so retailers are responding by getting closer to the communities they cater for. b.) Inner city areas in light of the mass decentralisation have understandably tended to decline with the closure of smaller shops drawing the public away from the city centre and many traditional high street areas have become very run down places. This has caused somewhat of a response from city planners who finally admit that decentralisation is a bad thing and doesn't simply relieve congestion. ...read more.


British city councils have taken action to combat the decentralisation and many schemes have been tried, some worked, others failed, in any case the answer usually requires a large monetary input. In Leeds for example full pedestrianisation of large blocks has made for more pleasant shopping environment attracting shoppers making the land more desirable for retailers again. Attractive indoor centres are an extension of this with places like the Trinity centre, which have clearly had large investment and the heritage based Granary Wharf and Corn Exchange that link a tourist attraction in to bring in the shoppers. Mass shop front refurbishment like that of the Victorian quarter, which has also been roofed over, attract prestigious shops into the area and breathe life into the city centre again. The costs involved for these type of schemes are no doubt enormous and one can only expect to see retail prices rising as a result. But Leeds is just one example of where the schemes have worked, many other British cities to this day are suffering the affects of decentralisation brought about by the Retail Revolution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Geography Coursework - Introduction - Centre Of Leeds' CBD

    4 star(s)

    the CBD will be in the most area of expensive land in the CBD. The CBD will join with the frame as the land value decreases. At the edges there are fewer retail stores than in the core. In the Burgess model which was based on Chicago, the city has grown outwards from the middle.

  2. Functions of settlements - Differences between urban and rural settlement.

    ~ Services: The provision of services, such as schools, hospitals, shops, public transport and banks, is usually limited, at times absent, in rural areas. ~ Land Use: In rural areas, settlements are widely spaced with open land between Adjacent villages.

  1. What are the effects of an out-of-town shopping centre on an existing shopping city ...

    elements within urban centres and of the climatic, social, economic, and political factors that influence them. II THE DIVERSITY OF URBAN ENVIRONMENTS Istanbul, Turkey Situated on the Bosporus Strait, Istanbul is a major port and the largest city in Turkey.

  2. An investigation into the comparison of the activities carried out in Manchester's and Bolton's ...

    Bolton and Manchester their respective pulls are larger than people would believe. This could be because due to the introduction of the Middlebrook Retail Park in Bolton, and the Trafford Centre in Manchester, people are more prepared to travel long distances to purchase high order goods, compared to low order goods.

  1. Investigating the theory Tesco dominates shopping patterns in Purley

    The higher result that was recorded was people coming to Purley for shopping in Tesco, 8 people out of 23 was present to shop in Tesco. The post office also seems to occur the most after Tesco, since 4 people were using Purley's post office.

  2. Using examples discuss Cloke's (2003) statement that the idea of idyllic rurality has 'rendered ...

    Power relations here are very important. There may be very differing reasons for people to push a certain representation above another but it is often economic, whether that be small local business such as cottage industry, farm shops, bed and breakfast or large companies such as dairy and meat producers.

  1. Growth Functions.

    Once it reaches a certain point, it will stop growing. In this case we see that the limiting value as 1,000,000, but if we were investigate population growth in a country, we would change this value but keep the same function.

  2. "What is the relation between the image of the 'rural' and the idea of ...

    These are, in their simplest form, unsophisticated habitats, lower levels of education, primitive livelihoods, small town attitudes, simple customs, and to embody the thoughts of the urbane type, a society full of poverty which in their eyes is unhappiness. This next part of the essay will show the customs, traditions, and behavior of the different classes within the city.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work