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What are the main features of a Savanna ecosystem?

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Introduction

The Chronicle 10th December 2003 40p Editor: Joe Ramage Nakuru: Problems, conflicts and solutions. What are the main features of a Savanna ecosystem? For most of the year in this part of Kenya, the climate is very warm and very dry. However for a short season of three months (April, May and June), there is abundant rainfall and then a shorter period known as the 'little rains' (November and December). Both of these periods of rain follow quite soon after the overhead sun has past right over the equator. The temperatures throughout the year are generally high, the cooler part of the year occurs when the sun is overhead in the opposite hemisphere. Most places in Kenya are too far inland to be affected by the sea, so most of the areas with this climate are upland areas with slightly reduced temperatures due to the high altitudes. During the dry season the prevailing winds blow from the east allowing any moisture to be deposited before reaching western parts of the continents. The rainy season coincides with the sun, when it is overhead and the dry prevailing winds have reduced. ...read more.

Middle

The Maasai are nomadic people who travel with their cattle, their livestock and their families. They are allowed to live in the parks, but not allowed bring their livestock with them. This means that their animals have to graze on the boundaries of the park. The park has also put up fences to stop wild animals from getting in. These fences are also preventing some animals from migrating as it blocks the route. This has become a major problem as this confuses the animals that have to take this route each year. Kenya's wildlife and landscapes are very much appreciated by the people of Kenya. This is because it brings in most of the tourism. Money from tourism can be used to help the country by building new houses, improving services and creating new jobs. Tourism isn't without its problems though. Great amounts of people going on animal safaris can seriously damage what attracted them to the country in the first place. On top of that, it puts a lot of pressure on the people of Kenya, as they need to retain their jobs in tourism and help the economy of Kenya. ...read more.

Conclusion

The part in between those two areas (buffer area), will exist to protect the core; this won't have to be very large only about two or three miles. This will ensure that no one goes into the core of the park. There will be no helicopters or hot air balloons allowed in the core as these frighten the wildlife and disturb their peace and their natural habitat. The primary problem is said to be numbers of animals and tourists. Ecotourism cannot protect the ecosystem against mass tourism or one breed of animal growing so big that it cannot be handled. A solution to control animal numbers is culling. This is selective killing. The game wardens will take away either the strongest or the weakest animal and destroy it. This will help to keep the numbers of the animals down giving the vegetation time to grow therefore feeding more animals. It is hard to see how to provide many visitors with the experience they want, without modifying or destroying an ecosystem. Sustainable development should improve people's quality of life and their standard of living. People should achieve this with no wasting of the earth's resources. This means that improvements shouldn't just affect people today, but generations to come. ...read more.

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