• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are Urban Models and to what extent are they useful to Geographers.

Extracts from this document...


What are Urban Models and to what extent are they useful to Geographers. There are a number of urban models that describe the layout of a city, and they all are very simplified. We must therefore not expect that every city will conform entirely to the pattern they suggest. However, they are useful in that they focus our attention on one of two important factors. The simplest model is that developed by Burgess (1925), based upon Chicago in the 1920s. In his model he assumes that new migrants will move into poorer, inner city areas and that over time residents will move out to the suburbs, as they become wealthier. This increased wealth of people has meant that they can afford bigger houses with larger gardens built on the suburbs as a direct result of urban sprawl. They can afford better transport such as cars, enabling them to commute to the CBD. Housing quality improves and social class rises with distance from the city centre. ...read more.


The oldest houses are located nearest to the CBD, as they were part of the original settlement before development, urbanisation and consequently urban sprawl. This benefactor of time has allowed the owners to improve their living conditions continuously over their lives by investing earned money into these properties. Richer people working in the CBD also live in the inner cites, as transport networks are poor compared to in cities in MEDCs were the rich can commute. The poorest people, working in the informal sector in the CBD, live in relatively new shantytowns on the edge of the city, where the processes of auto-construction and self-help have not had enough time to occur. These people are the newest to the city, from rural areas, searching for new jobs after mechanisation has left their jobs redundant. This movement of people at childbearing age from rural to urban areas has lead to urbanisation: an increased percentage of people living in urban areas. ...read more.


They both prevent the construction of a certain commercial, residential or industrial buildings that would develop otherwise, and directly affect the adjacent land ownership. Low quality residential rather than industrial or commercial buildings would be seen next to army barracks for example, as wealthier people would rather live away from barbed-wire perimeters. Physical factors, such as rivers providing good transport links, required for the development of industry, can also affect the urban land use patterns, limiting the applicability of models to do not consider or allow for consideration of these factors. We have seen the limitations associated with urban models, however all geographical models have inadequacies. This is because they serve to only to simplify, in the representation of, the complex geographical processes occurring in today's world, in the hope to improve our understanding. Burgess' and Hoyt's models can fall pray to being over-simplified representations of urban land use patterns. However, when they are combined with other models or cities similar to the one it was based on, Chicago for Burgess', urban models can prove to be a valuable tool in the geographical assessment of urban land use in MEDCs and LEDCs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    Taking the value of the rural ownership level to be always be 1, the urban ownership levels for radios fell from 3.7 to 2.9, bikes fell from 5.0 to 4.7 and television sets fell from their 1980 level of 11.7 to a 1981 low of 9.3.13 Although these figures do

  2. An investigation into the comparison of the activities carried out in Manchester's and Bolton's ...

    With this table produced I used the information I had collected for my individual research on Bolton I also produced a table showing the different modes of transport people used to enter Bolton's CBD (figure 17). With both these two tables I created was able to plot a graph for Manchester (figure 18)

  1. Urbanisation In LEDCs

    It started in 1984 when the government started to allow people to move freely within the country. Beijing and Shanghai are popular destinations. The population of Beijing increased by 17% between 1982 and 1990. Beijing now has 25-satellite towns. Shanghai grew by 12.5% between 1982 and 1990, and now in-migrants make up around 20% of its total population.

  2. How useful are models when investigating migration?

    This model is useful in LEDC countries as well such as people in Matos Crass, Brazil move to Rio de Janeiro for a better job. However there is weaknesses in this, the theory doesn't comply with counter urbanisation because people are moving out of large towns to smaller ones and the theory says that people always move to larger towns.

  1. Walk from the outer suburbs of Walsall, into the inner city, to see how ...

    We walked along the transect, and stopped at points 1-9 as we walked, and stopped, I filled in recording sheets, and took photos at each point, we ended up in the CBD and answered our questionnaires, by asking people who were in the CBD.

  2. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    Unsuitable aid: The British Colonial Development Corporation spent �628,000 on chickens. However, the food couldn't grow in the Gambia, so the birds starved and people went hungry, then in 1950, foul typhoid kills nearly 50% of the birds. Suitable aid: The present agricultural policy is too increase food and cash

  1. How useful are urban models to the modern geographer and urban planners?

    This model could be useful to modern urban planners as it could be used to describe the existing patterns of land use or city morphology and be compared to that of the modern morphology of a city in deciding where to place a certain building etc.

  2. To what extent is an urban model useful to a geographer studying urban areas?

    ________________ The Multiple-nuclei model; developed by Ullman and Harris in 1945 aimed to further describe the layout of a city. This model takes suburbanisation into consideration; it contains nine different sections which all have separate functions. These nuclei then develop into independent areas because of their activities e.g.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work