• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is meant by the term ecotourism and what are the major limitations of this type of tourism?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What is meant by the term ecotourism and what are the major limitations of this type of tourism? Ecotourism is among the most popular forms of alternative tourism, it involves purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the cultural and natural history of the environment. Ecotourism itself is difficult to define but it consists of three main elements. The primary aim of eco-tourism should be the conservation of the environment, as this is the most likely reason for tourists coming to the area in the first place. Secondly the tourism should encourage learning and encourage understanding about the natural habitat and the environment. Thirdly the tourism should be environmentally, culturally and economically, sustainable, as without this the industry will destroy itself and damage the surrounding area. Its theses three combined factors that define an eco-tourism attraction. The major limitations of this kind of tourism are carrying capacity and the number of visitors. The type of tourist who seeks an authentic allocentric experience tends to be crowd-sensitive and expect small numbers. Furthermore the attractive resources themselves are often fragile and sensitive to impacts (e.g. coral reefs), and have a low carrying capacity. ...read more.

Middle

The tourism industry in the Gambia consists mainly of foreign owned resorts, these are encouraged by tax-free imports, no tax on first five years profit and the expansion of the Yundun airport, to provide international trade and visitors. These foreign companies help the tourism industry to prosper yet don't put much back into the local economy or local culture. In fact only 23% of all the profits from tourism in The Gambia go to the destination country due to leakage of wealth. Also due to the large numbers of tourists and facilities with a relatively small local population means that The Gambia has to import agricultural and specialised foodstuffs and spend $105 million a year on these foods. Tourism in the Gambia is heavily concentrated in the Banjul area on the western coast, this means that this area gets much better services and resources than the surrounding area. This creates a poorer periphery area and growing disparities of wealth and opportunity. The high level of development in the tourist areas has lead to rural to urban migration to these particular areas leaving the rural areas impoverished and without a young workforce. ...read more.

Conclusion

Within 30 years much of what the tourists originally wanted to see will be destroyed and is already under serious threat. This is all because the resort wasn't properly planned and wasn't designed to be sustainable. The other type of tourism prominent in Belize is eco-tourism. This tourism involves the conservation of the environment with an educational element while being sustainable. However these schemes are not as economically profitable to the host country as they require more planning resources and maintenance than mass tourism. Yet eco-tourism is used to help countries develop as it is sustainable and can be a long-term economic aid. In Belize there are numerous up and coming resorts. There is a community baboon reserve, the barrier reef and numerous areas of tropical rainforest and mangrove. All of these schemes are involved with the local population and are very allocentric. Although because the carrying capacity of the natural environments is very low, numbers have to be kept down so the facilities are carefully planned. These schemes are much more profitable for the locals as there is n leakage form international companies, and it gives the host country a better understanding of their natural resources and how to conserve and protect it. Chris Hall AKM ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    abroad people have left the UK as they are guaranteed sun more in other countries than here in the UK. Even though the domestic tourism have fallen since its peak in 1974 of 40 million people the industry has thought back with the development of short breaks such as weekend

  2. Consider the Defining Features of Dependency Theory and distinguish its Major Variants. Discuss the ...

    The ability of multinationals to do this depends on the extent of their political power over the dependent countries. This includes, power over the government policy in the periphery, power over the classes behind the peripheral states and influences over government policies in the centre countries.

  1. Tourism can lead to a multiplier effect. What is meant by the term multiplier ...

    local traditions, such as the siesta need to be retained, before the experience of a holiday becomes a home from home experience; in other words, a warmer version of the origin country, such as the UK. This is why eco-tourism and other types of 'alternative' tourism such as Antarctica and quiet city breaks have become more popular.

  2. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    To better understand nature-based tourism, scholars propose dimensions of nature-based tourism. These dimensions vary from those of other forms of tourism, such as cultural, sports or religious tourism. Table 1 reveals the dimensions and the type of variation (modified from Valentine, 1992).

  1. Different types of travel destination. Study of Cardiff and Barcelona as travel destinations.

    Nightlife in Cardiff is larger than ever before and still growing. The main nightlife scene can be found on St. Marys street and is mainly used on Saturdays. It is therefore cheaper during the week when most university students will use the facilities.

  2. Pros and Cons of Tourism in Windsor

    When I gathered the information I am going to present the information in a bar chart, my scale is going to be out of four. One is excellent two is good three is satisfactory and four is unsatisfactory.The reason I have collected this information is to test the impact of tourism on the quality of environment in Windsor.

  1. Investigating Travel and Tourism

    This gave people entitlements to holidays, which was very new to people. This gave the working class more free time and was paid for. The hours worked per week have decreased, giving people more leisure time. This can be shown in a graph.

  2. What is the impact of Tourism and Recreation on Epping Forest?

    holidays and trips for people looking to explore further regions of the world in exchange for money. The tourism industry is an industry, which every year is improving, and currently carries the title of being a billion dollar industry. Statistics compared to those taken from the 60's through to today

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work