• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is meant by the term Urbanisation?

Extracts from this document...


1.) What is meant by the term Urbanisation? Urbanisation is the process in which the number of people living in cities increases compared with the number of people living in rural areas. A country is considered to be urbanised when over 50% of its population lives in urban places. In the UK the movement of people from rural to urban areas followed the industrial revolution as people were needed to work in the factories in the CBD. It took place throughout the 19th and Early 20th Centuries in Europe and North America. By 1950 most of the people in these two continents lived in urban area. However their urbanisation was relatively slow, allowing government's time to plan and provide for the needs of increasing urban populations, in Less Economically Developed Countries urbanisation serves to be a much bigger problem and it is here where the world's largest cities are. A range of economic, political, social, cultural, and environmental factors affect urbanisation. Government policies in many developing countries promote industrialisation and international capitalist economies. Urbanisation is encouraged socially and culturally through the media, and environmental factors such as the seasonality of agricultural work, may encourage urbanisation during the agricultural off-season. ...read more.


The growth in information technology such as -mail, faxes and video conferencing means that more people can work from home, so they don't need to be near their work place that's in the city. Urban areas in MEDCs are becoming increasingly unpleasant places to live, as a result of pollution, crime, traffic congestion and huge increases in population e.g. London, UK. People are having to live in places of a lower standard of living compared to that of normal MEDC life. These are 'push' factors and are deterring people from living in the inner - city, and so push them further and further out of the city into rural areas, where the standard of living is much higher. This causes urban sprawl and counter urbanisation. More people tend to move to rural areas when they retire and want to be in a calm and peaceful environment away from the busy and pressurising surroundings of the city. This increases the population density of the rural areas. Due to urban sprawl, industries start moving out from the CBD and start to build trade on the outskirts where land is cheaper, there's less/ no congestion and there is no limit for space. ...read more.


These records show that Mexico City's population must have tripled over in the 45 years. However I believe the 2000 census to be most interesting: 1.) Mexico City, Mexico - 25.6 million 2.) Sao Paulo, Brazil - 22.1 million 3.) Tokyo, Japan - 19 million 4.) Shanghai, China - 17 million 5.) New York, USA - 16.8 million This shows that Tokyo, a NIC (newly industrialising country) figures have dropped by 8.2 million. This maybe due to counter urbanisation, urban sprawl, or very low standard of living within the city. Shanghai's population has risen by 12.3 million and Mexico City's by 12.4 million since 1950 which calculates as to having 75 people migrating to the city every day over the past 45 years on average. There is only one MEDC - New York which remains in the top 5, and in over half a century the population of Mexico City has increased by 500% and probably more. From the research it is clear that counter urbanisation and urbanisation is dramatically different in MEDCs and LEDCs due t a number of factors which consist mainly of push and pull factors. The LEDCs city populations are heavily increasing and the MEDCs city population are not yet decreasing but are levelling. 1 Alice Brady 13JMW ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Problems In Tokyo.

    4 star(s)

    The breaking up of the ground, the collapse of smaller buildings and elevated highways, and multiple fire hazards are well simulated in civil engineering. Fire drills are compulsory in schools, but the effects are yet to be seen. Surprisingly, Tokyo remains an open, defenceless city in the face of a nuclear threat.

  2. Counter Urbanisation

    Another impact may be that traffic congestion will increase on major roads leading in and out of the city at peak times. This will increase the Co2 emissions from cars and will increase to the greenhouse effect and therefore the environment will become worse.

  1. Urbanisation In LEDCs

    * Social and welfare services - In most rural areas in LEDC's there is a shortage of health care facilities, with few doctors. There may be a few primary schools but secondary schools are very rare. There are limited social facilities for the young and very poor communications to towns and cities.

  2. What is meant by the term urbanisation?

    All of these factors are more prominent in developing countries than developed countries, which is why changes in the largest cities locations, from the developed world to the developing world have occurred. In developing countries rural to urban migration occurs at a very high rate because of deteriorating conditions in rural areas.

  1. To what extent are the problems created by rapid recent urban growth in LEDC's ...

    As 99% of lakes in Mexico have been drained it means that water has to be pumped from 150km to supply Mexico City with its requirements, 66,000 litres are consumed per second.

  2. Investigation into the changes that occur as you move through from the outskirts of ...

    The land here is expensive, with high rise buildings. Land is sparse, with high levels of traffic and scarce greenery. B: Old inner city: Made up of 19th century housing, constructed in grid iron patterns with no gardens. Industry is declining leading to high unemployment.

  1. Does quality of life increase as one moves away from CBD of Swansea?

    this is illustrated in figure 19, a photograph of a large detached house set in its own grounds. This type of house is typical of the area, therefore suggesting that the quality of life is of a very high standard.

  2. Geography: Causes of Famine

    regions of the world because of overuse by man. It undermines food production and contributes to malnutrition and famine. The Extent Of The Problem * 20million km2 of land degraded each year * Affects 280 million people * 110 countries have drylands, desertification could affect 900 million people * areas suffering are Africa, China, Pakistan, Australia * UN claims

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work