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What the current issues are in the next 25 years and what policies should we encourage.

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Introduction

What the current issues are in the next 25 years and what policies should we encourage The United Kingdom In the next 25 years, looking at the population pyramid, there will be an influx in the United Kingdom's population, but currently, the UK has reached stage 5 in the demographic transition model. The main reason being is because as fewer children are being born, the birth rate is similar to the death rate. For a stable population growth, an average birth rate of at least two children per adult female is required. At the moment it is 1.7. There are many reasons for this. They are firstly, more people choosing to stay single, the further emancipation of women giving females the choice of whether to have children or not: or later in life - influencing them to have only one child, and the change in views about lifestyle ie. Wanting material possessions rather than incurring the costs of raising a family. However, the general increase in the quality of life has resulted in people living longer, which also have an effect on the overall population figures. Free national healthcare has improved, both of which have had a direct influence on increasing the ageing population. A better overall standard of living e.g. Housing, food etc... - has also eliminated many of the problems which caused early death. ...read more.

Middle

Maintaining a sustainable economy would be vital in order to initiate and sustain this type of programme but improving the economy would be even more preferable. Making industries more efficient, providing development grants for small businesses, and working to increase international trade opportunities are just a few of the ways in which the economy could be strengthened. Furthermore, an improved economy would help to increase everyone's standard of living and greater personal wealth might encourage people to have larger families, as well as enabling them to provide a greater contribution in caring for the elderly. Increasing the retirement age would also help to reduce the number of people dependant upon state pensions and support. Since life expectancy has increased and people remain healthier for longer, this would not be impossibility and, in fact, might well be appreciated by the many able and active elderly people. Hopefully, these policies would create a significant enough change to stabilise the population in the UK as well as boost the economy sufficiently to be able to support our ageing population. Afghanistan After the reign of the Taliban, industrialisation will take place which means that more people will be employed. This encourages people to get an education, which would hopefully allow them to understand about contraception, which should encourage less children. Obviously you cant put a law in place for a one child policy as people in the rural areas, on in minority group wont adhere to it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Too large for the ocuntry tp cope with. The problem is that even with the reduction of the overall population growth, an ever expanding number of dependants will still be generated and this rules out in Afghanistan being unable to support its own people. Although one of the most effective solutions to the population problem in Afghanistan would be the emancipation of women, their traditions, and religious beliefs are so fundamental to their society that a change of this nature would be virtually impossible to implement. There fore, other solutions need to be offered to the afghan people. Economic aid would be of an immense benefit to the afghan government to help them to implemnt any new proposals. However, this cannot be relied upon, so the afghans must try to find possible solutions that they can put into action by themselves. Encouraging people to move closer to existing cities could be one viable solution to the problem. This would malke it easier to seatblish decent amenities for greater numbers of people. More people would have access to a better standard of living with the provision of electricity, fresh running water, proper sanitation systems, quicker access to medical aid, proper roads and transportation, and more educational opportunities. Hopefully, with the improvement of general living standards, health problems may be reduced and therefore the infant mortality rate might be reduced and life expectancy be improved. However, in ordert draw people to the cities jobs would have to be created Printed by Tom Platts 08/05/07 ...read more.

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