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What were the causes and consequences of the demographic change between 1750 and 1900?

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Introduction

What were the causes and consequences of the demographic change between 1750 and 1900? Introduction Between 1750 and 1900 the population and its distribution changed dramatically, with the population rising by almost 700%. In this change, many people moved from rural areas to the towns, in search of jobs, this is one of the main demographic changes. In this essay I will be writing about the causes of this change and what the consequences were. Health, medicines and laws A big part of the demographic change was due to the change in laws and taxes. With the removal of window tax, dwellings which had previously been dark, cold and damp, became brighter and this encouraged people to keep their homes cleaner. The damp, dirty homes of the past provided an ideal environment for the spread of disease. Soap prices became a lot lower, making it easier to afford for the average poverty stricken family. With their new, warm houses people were inclined to wash more regularly, this may have made it socially unacceptable to smell. Previously, many common diseases, such as cholera, were spread when wastewater was allowed to contaminate drinking water. ...read more.

Middle

As the fields were privately owned, experimentation was possible. As fields were privately owned, crop rotation was possible. This involves crops being rotated around different areas; this was effective because certain crops use particular levels in the soil, and thus helping crops obtain the nutrients they require. As these fields became enclosed, many farmers became involved in selective breeding. This involved only breeding from the best livestock; this resulted in individual animals producing more meat, wool or milk. As selective breeding was becoming more popular, the average weight of livestock increased. From seventeen fifty to nineteen hundred, the average weight of livestock doubled. With this selective breeding came more profit, as fewer animals were needed to produce a certain amount of meat. This was because there was more meat per animal. This is all relevant when talking about the demographic change as it moved many people to the cities in search for jobs, and made food readily available for the public. The change of transport in this period was of great significance to the agricultural revolution as it transported the food from rural to urban areas. Industrial Revolution The industrial revolution brought great advances in the production of goods in England, during this period England was said to be the "workshop of the world" as quoted. ...read more.

Conclusion

Conclusion My research has shown that the main reason of the demographic change was due to the huge increase in health, hygiene and medicines. The advances in water hygiene and medicines brought the rates of infant mortality and death rates down. The industrial revolution brought many people from rural to urban areas, and created many suburbs outside today's major manufacturing cities. This change meant that our society changed from a mainly farming and rural based industry to an urbanised, manufacturing based country. This change brought the country much wealth and power. The agricultural revolution helped the population boom, as it brought the country new methods of farming, helping us to make more efficient use of the land. With this new, efficient use of the land came more food and wealth, making food more accessible for the poorer families. Whatever the circumstances, populations rising so rapidly must have come from one or more of the following factors: A decline in the death rate, due to improved medical practices, changes in public health, or to changes of the diet of a population. An increase in birth rate can be the result of marriages at an earlier age, or simply to a greater proportion of the female population having children. Migration or immigration. George Fryer 9b1 9.4 ...read more.

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