• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why are some parts of China so rich while

Extracts from this document...


Why are some parts of China so rich while other parts are so poor? In China there are so many places where most people are sleeping in poverty, living on streets and begging for money everyday. But so many people were rich as well, the extremes from rich to poor are in the same country. The main reason for the different economy in China is that the country is communist, under the control of Jiang Zemin. Communist means that the country runs by paying each person the same wages even if they are a more authority over people and are higher up the hierarchy. Some families were also very poor because they would have a lot of children, which they could not afford to bring up. There is a lot of poverty in rural areas, whilst many people in cities are getting richer. In China there are around 1.28 billion people, there are about 14 million unemployed people in urban areas and there are about 120 million in rural areas. This means that something must be wrong about China and why so many people can not get jobs. It is wrong to say that the main cause of the situation of people being so much rich in some areas than in others go back only to 1976. ...read more.


Throughout the period of the Cultural Revolution, China in effect cut off from the rest of the world. However, it still conducted trade relations with other countries it did not recognise, but only on a limited scale and with very little growth. Until 1976, three key elements were central to Mao's economic policy, these were the collectivisation of land, centralised control over the accumulation and reinvestment of capital, and state ownership of major industries and banks and entailing strict limitations on foreign capital and external economic factors. Land reform was the first step in the collectivisation of rural areas. However, the redistribution of land away from the landlords and rich peasants to smaller private holdings was not as successful as Mao initially hoped. Private farms were not a part of Socialist policy, and new divisions, exploitation and uneven land ownership showed signs of re-emerging. During the 1950s, therefore, collectives were established that enabled Mao to control the means of production even further, and were given quotas to supply the state with a portion of their output at pre-determined prices and also acted as pools of labour that could construct irrigation networks, roads and railway tracks. ...read more.


With the population getting greater and greater more and more people with no money which made the divide between rich and poor bigger. I think the reason for China being so different in economy is that the country had been so communist for many years that some people did not have good enough paid jobs and with so many children it was hard to pay for everything. The way that so many people did not have work and that China as a country did badly in exporting and importing, this made people have bad pay and long hours. This situation did not just go back from 1976 because of events like in Tiananmen Square. Deng Xioping is not to blame for the problem of poverty because he tried to help the workers by motivating them, but was just discredited by Mao. I think that that the most important person that helped create this problem was Mao because of his ideas and plans that went wrong and that when people tried to speak out and make a point across to him he just put them in jail and murdered them, so the Chinese people could not help themselves from him. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Why are some parts of China so rich whileother parts are so poor?

    In 'the great leap forward' Mao told the peasants to make steel to make their industry more successful. But this failed because the steel was weak and the crops had been forgotten about and the dry weather made the country have a famine.

  2. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    point to a marked improvement in nearly all of the quantifiable measure of peasant life after 1978. It may therefore be said that on the whole, the economic situation of the peasantry steadily improved during Deng's stewardship, but this is a very different thing to saying that Deng's policies were good for the Chinese peasants.

  1. Geography: Causes of Famine

    Primary Causes * The Ethiopian famine is due to combined effects of drought, war, bad governance, corruption and erratic weather. * In province of Tigre, the conflict between Addis Ababa and guerrilla movements left the peasants at the mercy of the drought, causing famine.

  2. Explain why urban-industrialization in China during the central planning period deprived the rural sector.

    The government, through the means of, state monopolization and monopsonization are able to control the prices of agricultural commodities. The Chinese state relied upon coercion rather than incentives to secure the harvest. Mao endorsed compulsory procurement of peasant output at low prices, and it enforced collectivisation to attain greater control over the surplus.

  1. Discover whether there is a hierarchy in Leicestershire.

    -509928.04 -786289.16 -1062650.28 Log y Y(antilog) Now I have plotted my line of best fit I can look for clusters in the points so that I can place the settlements into a hierarchy: Type of place Settlements that fit the type of place Primate city Conurbation city city Large town


    in Sinkiang and as autonomous counties (tzu-chih-hsien) in Tsinghai. Hopeh. Kweichow, and Yunnan. There has been a growing tendency for the Hui to move from their scattered settlements into the area of major concentration, possibly, as firm adherents of Islam, in order to facilitate intermarriage with other Muslims.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work