• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake?

Extracts from this document...


Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake? On the 15th of January 1995 at 5.46am a horrendous earthquake reaching 7.2 on the Richter scale, the worst in half a century struck the large Industrial town of Kobe. Over 5000 people were killed as a result of this earthquake. The tension built up between the Pacific and Eurasian plates and caused the earthquake, as the focus was at such a shallow point, the waves of the earthquake were very powerful. The epicenter was on Awaji Island within 20km of Kobe, so there wasn't enough space between the epicenter and Kobe for the waves to be absorbed. ...read more.


Houses collapsed trapping many people in their beds, immediately fires started and burnt out of control, trains were thrown off their tracks, water and gas mains collapsed. It was announced a state of emergency and army troops were sent to help. Very few people died due to the actual earthquake, most people died because of the primary or secondary effects. Primary effects such as damaged buildings or broken water or gas pipes lead to the secondary effects, buildings and bridges that have collapsed delay the emergency services, and burst water mains lead to contaminated water and disease. ...read more.


Kobe is a very densely populated town; there are many tall offices and houses built closely together, Japan knew Kobe was at risk of earthquakes, but little was done to prepare for one, Tokyo was thought to be much more at risk. The Japanese assumed that they could predict an earthquake. Most of the newer buildings were made 'earthquake proof' but this technology failed as most buildings, old and new collapsed in the earthquake, even the emergency water mains collapsed. The newer buildings in Tokyo are built in the same 'earthquake proof' style, so people there are worried as the same technology in Kobe failed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hazardous Environments section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hazardous Environments essays

  1. "Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake?"

    Nearly 172,000 houses collapsed while many other buildings were also affected; 35 schools and 3 hospitals. 7. Fires destroyed 7,500 homes. 8. In some places sections of the roads and pavements had been pushed up over 10cm from their original positions, making it impossible to drive vehicles along them.

  2. Why did so many people die in the Kobe Earthquake?

    that move very slowly past one another. The movements of these plates have caused new islands, mountains and more dramatically volcanoes and earthquakes. Earthquakes are caused when the edges of these plates collide together thus causing pressure to build up.

  1. comparing shrewsbury an old town an telfrd a purpose build new town

    In Shrewsbury seven out of eleven people said that it was easier for them to travel to Shrewsbury and four out of eleven people said that it was easier for them to travel to Telford. This shows that although for four people it was easier for them to go to Telford they still chose to travel to Shrewsbury.

  2. The Kobe Earthquake

    whole of western Japan was cut in half when the bridges in Kobe fell down. The only other two rail links were also cut during the quake. Like many large cities, Kobe had a raised motorway that allowed vehicles to travel around the city and out into neighbouring towns.

  1. The Kobe earthquake.

    do their job and find the remaining people or bodies, and then they would be added to the number of deaths later. > Communications were down so it was hard for services to communicate with others for help, in search of dead or alive people.

  2. The Kobe Earthquake

    The aftershock sequence (and, by inference, the faulting below the surface) is approximately 60 kilometers long, extending from the northern part of Awaji Island along the Nojima Fault to northeast of Kobe along the Rokko Fault zone. Japanese earthquakes, 1961-1994.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work