• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why do LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's

Extracts from this document...


Why do LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's A MEDC is a more economically developed country; therefore it can afford to spend money on improving the countries stability and helping to decrease the damage from an earthquake. An example of a MEDC is Kobe, in Tokyo, where in January 1995; an earthquake that measured 7.5 on the Richter scale hit the city. A LEDC is a less economically developed country and therefore cannot afford to spend money to protect the country from earthquakes. An example of an LEDC is Armenia, in Columbia, where on the 25th January 1999; an earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale was the worst earthquake the country had experienced since 1983. As MEDC's have more money to spend on prediction methods, I would expect there to be less deaths and damage in MEDC's than in LEDC's. This is due to a number of reasons. Firstly, because MEDC's are more economically developed, they can afford to spend money on prediction methods, such as GPS satellite, which is when data is sent from satellites to computers with information such as plate movement and changes in the earth's surface. This prediction method is very accurate; however, a disadvantage is that if the computers fail then all of the data will be lost. Also, the fact that MEDC's have more money would also mean that they can spend more money on preparing the country for an earthquake. ...read more.


An example of an earthquake in an LEDC is the earthquake in Armenia, Columbia. This was an earthquake of 6.3 on the Richter scale and occurred between the Nazca and South American plates. The earthquake had its epicentre 170km west of the capital, which was a reason for the number of deaths. The short term social effects of this were that over 1000 people were killed and many thousands were injured. This is in contrast to the number of deaths from the Kobe earthquake, which is mainly due to the population density of Kobe. Due to the fact that there people were in panic, people's belongings were being looted. Also, because there were so many building crashing down, and landslides, it meant that people's houses were being destroyed and as a result people had nowhere to live. Also, because of the many injuries and deaths, there hospitals became overcrowded. Furthermore, there was a lack of communication and a lack of services. The short term economical effects were that there was the destruction of banks which meant that a great deal of money would have also been destroyed affecting trade and industry. Moreover, the destruction of offices would not only affect services, jobs would be lost and the country would not run efficiently. The short term environmental effects would be that there were many gas explosions, which would lead to the destruction of many buildings. ...read more.


Moreover, if the epicentre of the earthquake is close to a densely populated area, then it does not matter if the country is a MEDC or a LEDC because the fact that the earthquake is so close to an area with many people and buildings, then of course it would do a tremendous amount of damage. In conclusion, I do not agree that far with the statement that more damage is done from earthquakes in LEDC's than MEDC's. This is due to a number of reasons. I believe that whether the country is rich or poor has little effect on the damage dealt by an earthquake. I believe that it instead matters on the physical aspects of where the earthquake has struck and the size of it. I do agree that if MEDC's did reinforce the country's bridges, and buildings, then there would be less damage as a result of the earthquake. However, I believe that it does not matter how much protection there is because if there is an earthquake that is 8 on the Richter scale, and its epicentre 5km from the capital of the country, where it is the most densely populated, then of course there will be catastrophic effects. All this evidence points to that in fact it does not matter whether the country is an MEDC or an LEDC, but what does matter is the size and magnitude of the earthquake, the epicentre of the earthquake and whether the area is densely populated. ?? ?? ?? ?? Homework 16th October 2004 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hazardous Environments section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hazardous Environments essays

  1. Kobe The Earthquake

    Severe damage extended well northeast and east of Kobe into the outskirts of Osaka and its port. Liquefaction and Other Ground Failures The earthquake caused extensive ground failures, which affected buildings, underground infrastructure, the port, highways, all types of other facilities on soft or filled ground, and hindered recovery efforts.

  2. A comparison of the Loma Prieta Earthquake and the Kobe Earthquake.

    This meant no power for heating, lights, cooking, etc. Clean, fresh water was in short supply until April 1995, that's 3 months later!! The government and city authorities were criticised for being slow to rescue people and for refusing offers of help from other countries. Many people had to sleep in cars or tents in cold winter conditions.

  1. The extent to which earthquakes are hazardous depends on where and when they are ...

    Consequently and in stark contrast to Kobe, Haiti was extremely underprepared for the earthquake that struck earlier this year. The country has no building regulations and so any potential infrastructure that was in place to help with the response was destroyed e.g.

  2. 'Ash Wednesday' 1983

    February 1983 was one of the hottest and driest on record. Ash Wednesday Clear skies and rising temperatures were observed on the morning of Ash Wednesday. A front, or band of cold air, was located in the Great Australian Bight off the coast of South Australia.

  1. "Does the level of development of a country affect the number of deaths caused ...

    Many buildings are made out of wood so they are more flexible. In LEDC's however the buildings are made of hard mud or stone and collapse instantly trapping the people inside. Concrete is also a poor building material as it cracks easily.

  2. The Kobe Earthquake

    whole of western Japan was cut in half when the bridges in Kobe fell down. The only other two rail links were also cut during the quake. Like many large cities, Kobe had a raised motorway that allowed vehicles to travel around the city and out into neighbouring towns.

  1. The origin of the Earth

    It cannot tell us much about exactly when they will occur. For that, we must study in detail the plate boundaries themselves. Perhaps the most important role of plate tectonics is that it is a guide to the use of finer techniques for earthquake prediction.

  2. Earthquakes: Why do some places suffer more than others?

    The result of liquefaction can be extremely destructive. Generally speaking, building foundations become extremely unstable, and slopes become increasingly vulnerable to mass movement. For instance, many buildings in Mexico City became tilted following the 1985 earthquake when the lakebed sediments on which much of the city was built on became liquefied.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work