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Why do LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's

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Why do LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's A MEDC is a more economically developed country; therefore it can afford to spend money on improving the countries stability and helping to decrease the damage from an earthquake. An example of a MEDC is Kobe, in Tokyo, where in January 1995; an earthquake that measured 7.5 on the Richter scale hit the city. A LEDC is a less economically developed country and therefore cannot afford to spend money to protect the country from earthquakes. An example of an LEDC is Armenia, in Columbia, where on the 25th January 1999; an earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale was the worst earthquake the country had experienced since 1983. As MEDC's have more money to spend on prediction methods, I would expect there to be less deaths and damage in MEDC's than in LEDC's. This is due to a number of reasons. Firstly, because MEDC's are more economically developed, they can afford to spend money on prediction methods, such as GPS satellite, which is when data is sent from satellites to computers with information such as plate movement and changes in the earth's surface. This prediction method is very accurate; however, a disadvantage is that if the computers fail then all of the data will be lost. Also, the fact that MEDC's have more money would also mean that they can spend more money on preparing the country for an earthquake. ...read more.


An example of an earthquake in an LEDC is the earthquake in Armenia, Columbia. This was an earthquake of 6.3 on the Richter scale and occurred between the Nazca and South American plates. The earthquake had its epicentre 170km west of the capital, which was a reason for the number of deaths. The short term social effects of this were that over 1000 people were killed and many thousands were injured. This is in contrast to the number of deaths from the Kobe earthquake, which is mainly due to the population density of Kobe. Due to the fact that there people were in panic, people's belongings were being looted. Also, because there were so many building crashing down, and landslides, it meant that people's houses were being destroyed and as a result people had nowhere to live. Also, because of the many injuries and deaths, there hospitals became overcrowded. Furthermore, there was a lack of communication and a lack of services. The short term economical effects were that there was the destruction of banks which meant that a great deal of money would have also been destroyed affecting trade and industry. Moreover, the destruction of offices would not only affect services, jobs would be lost and the country would not run efficiently. The short term environmental effects would be that there were many gas explosions, which would lead to the destruction of many buildings. ...read more.


Moreover, if the epicentre of the earthquake is close to a densely populated area, then it does not matter if the country is a MEDC or a LEDC because the fact that the earthquake is so close to an area with many people and buildings, then of course it would do a tremendous amount of damage. In conclusion, I do not agree that far with the statement that more damage is done from earthquakes in LEDC's than MEDC's. This is due to a number of reasons. I believe that whether the country is rich or poor has little effect on the damage dealt by an earthquake. I believe that it instead matters on the physical aspects of where the earthquake has struck and the size of it. I do agree that if MEDC's did reinforce the country's bridges, and buildings, then there would be less damage as a result of the earthquake. However, I believe that it does not matter how much protection there is because if there is an earthquake that is 8 on the Richter scale, and its epicentre 5km from the capital of the country, where it is the most densely populated, then of course there will be catastrophic effects. All this evidence points to that in fact it does not matter whether the country is an MEDC or an LEDC, but what does matter is the size and magnitude of the earthquake, the epicentre of the earthquake and whether the area is densely populated. ?? ?? ?? ?? Homework 16th October 2004 ...read more.

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