• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why does China has an ageing population

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What does china has an ageing population? What are the causes and consequences of this? China, the second larges country in the world, is facing a serious problem --- ageing population. Before 1979, when Mao was the chairman of China, he persuaded women to have lots of babies in order to finish his plan - the Great Leap Forward. This is the start of the ageing population in China. In January 1958, Mao launched the second five year plan known as the Great Leap Forward. 1Mao wanted China to become a world power. He wanted to catch up with the west by ending Chinese dependence upon agriculture. His aim was to catch up with UK in the industry products in ten years time and with America in 15 years time. In order to do this, he will need lots of peasants but many of them die during this progress. ...read more.

Middle

In general, this policy is very successful because the birth rate has been reduced gradually starting at the middle of stage 3 in the DTM. The 1982 fertility survey shows the total fertility rate falling from around 6.0in the mid-1950s to well below 4.0in 19614. However, ICP leads to some other problem such as the ageing population. Since the ICP is introduced, the population has successfully decreased. However, the infant mortality increases at the same time. This is because as a Chinese tradition, the boys carry the family name but now, the families are only allow to have one child therefore the chance of having a boy is less then before. Because of this, some families may choose to kill the baby if it's a girl in order to carry the family name. This is not the only effect of ICP, since most families choose to have a boy rather than a girl, there will be more males than female in the future. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, the cost of having two children is normally too expensive for lower or middle classes. The time that is taken to look after them is too much if both parents are working. These are the main reasons why most of the parents choose not to have more than one child. In conclusion, China has an ageing population a problem is because the birth rate was really high when Mao was the chairman but then it decreases so much that ICP was introduced. The differences between that get worse and develop as the ageing population. Because of this problem, the economic developments is held back since the input and output is not balance due to part of the income is given to those dependent people. The death rate will increase dramatically when the dependent people die. This will affects reputation of China too. 1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mao_Zedong 2 http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/china/geog/population.htm#2b 3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-child_policy 4 http://www.usc.cuhk.edu.hk/wk_wzdetails.asp?id=1383 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    An ecosystem describes the interaction of organisms within an environment: :| Inputs - Sunlight, rainfall, air containing Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide, Soil Minerals, Organic Matter, Animals and plants from elsewhere :| Processes - Photosynthesis releasing Oxygen, Respiration releasing Carbon Dioxide, Feeding, Decomposing bacteria, Reproduction :| Outputs - Air containing Oxygen

  2. What are the consequences of an ageing population?

    not require pensions so soon, and would remain productive and pay taxes for longer. This would reduce the number of pensions needed. This is currently the most realistic option, and many countries are looking into this. A greater percentage of the population over 65 means that expenditure on health services will inevitably increase.

  1. Report on Characteristics and Consequences of an Ageing Population

    knowledge of acceptances of family planning * Greater knowledge, acceptance and use of contraception * Decline in role of church * Children seen as economic burden * Parents no longer need to have children to look after them in old Age due to availability of welfare * Lower infant mortality

  2. Does a population hierarchy exist on the Ards Peninsula?

    Ballywalter's main street is not located on such a busy through road. The reason why Kircubbin has a much larger Centrality Index than Ballywalter is because Kircubbin has several very high order services, which Ballywalter could not have. This is because the settlements close together meaning that if for example

  1. The famous "one child policy" is one of the causes of overpopulation in China. ...

    Due to the reduction in size of each family, parents will pay more attention to their one and only child. In another words, they will spoil them, which leads to the social problem of "little emperors". Overprotecting the child will lead to lack of social skills of the child.

  2. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    was given greater freedom that they have been both widely available and trustworthy. The Bureaux's work in analysing pre 1984 statistics in order to produce some fairly accurate estimates has been invaluable, but they are still not perfect. There is very little that can be done to remedy this, and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work