• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why have services declined in rural areas in the past 30 years?

Extracts from this document...


Human Geography Essay Q. Why have services declined in rural areas in the past 30 years? (20 Marks) A recent survey conducted by the Women's Institute found that in the final decade of the 20th Century, more than a thousand village shops had closed down, and most rural communities lay within ten miles of a supermarket.1 This discovery has become just one of a number of eventualities that have arisen in over the past 30 years, since the arrival of a retail revolution experienced by the UK during the 1970s. A key factor in this is the fact that the population as a whole have become more mobile. At the end of 2000, there were over 24 million cars registered in the UK, double that registered in 1975. Over 70 per cent of British households had regular use of a car in 1998-2000, and ownership was well spread amongst different sectors of the population. The number of households with the use of one car has remained stable over recent years at about 45 per cent, but the proportion with the use of two or more has risen to 28 per cent, almost doubling from 1981 to 2000.2 These figures indicate the reasoning behind rural service decline in the UK, and likewise, in many countries across the developed world. ...read more.


Larger villages tend to grow faster, as they have a faster response to planning priorities. Also, planning constraints in the county, with areas of green belt around Oxford discourages growth, and this too leads to prevention of urban sprawl and developments outside the city itself. Areas such as Nuneham Courtenay in the Chilterns were declared areas of outstanding natural beauty (AONBs) and growth was constrained leading to a rural decline of services. The need for new development meant that these places lost out, and planning permission was given to areas with more developments already occurring. The combination of these factors has resulted in depopulation and stagnation in some villages, with rapid growth in others. Ipsden stagnated because of poor accessibility, but Nuneham Courtenay's decline was because its designation as an AONB. These declines seen in the county were also due to a final factor though. The relatively affluent inhabitants in many settlements were unsympathetic towards these changes. NIMBYism - the 'Not In My Back Yard' approach halted further developments. There opinions centred on the existing villages, and did not welcome these new changes. These may have been just some of the reasons why services have declined in rural areas in the past 30 years. Q. With reference to examples, discuss the issues raised by this decline in rural services. ...read more.


They are also unlikely to sell their homes, preferring to rent, and therefore inflate the rural housing market. Thus, making it difficult for young people to buy their first homes, and climb onto the housing ladder. National economic changes have raised several important issues. Should rural services be given Government support? Should some housing in rural areas be reserved for local people? And, have influxes of communities and second homeowners had an adverse affect on rural communities? The issues raised in this discussion have been attempted to be counteracted. Key settlement policies have been introduced to kerb depopulation and sustain rural services. These implementations mean that rural communities must have a selection of adequate shops, public transport, a primary school, and community facilities such as a village hall and public house. These policies have an effect on rural settlement hierarchy. They raise the status of these settlements, and accelerate decline in others. Although, inevitably these policies are not popular in the places not designated settlements of improved services, it has helped to balance the disadvantages that have plagued many rural areas over the pat 30 years. 1 Page 185, Geography for AS by Clive Hart 2 Quoted from 'http://www.statistics.gov.uk/STATBASE/ssdataset.asp?vlnk=5152&More=Y' 3 AS/A-level Geography Exam Revision Notes ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 / 4 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    needless authoritarian policies, as well as an increase in the production and consumption of what Mao had deemed 'unproductive' goods and services. Whether these were all the direct result of his policies or simply the natural progression of China's economic development can never be conclusively proved, although all evidence would

  2. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    and cold (W-2�C S-13�C.) NW or NE Wheat Need warm summer temperatures (15�C+) and dry conditions (750mm and less,) require use of large machinery so flat land is essential. SE Barley Need summer temperatures of 13�C+ and rainfall less than 850mm, flat land essential for machinery.

  1. Investigating the theory Tesco dominates shopping patterns in Purley

    Tesco Store also owns its free parking, has a number of bus stops in front of it, and owns a 24h shop and its own petrol station. This disadvantage to these local shops could be an advantage for Tesco, as it owns its own parking place.

  2. Why have many traditional seaside resorts declined in the last 30 years

    Nowadays package holidays are also becoming more and more popular with people being able to travel relatively cheaply, these started in the 70s and allow people to not need to worry about things such as flight connections etc as they are already covered.

  1. Explain why urban-industrialization in China during the central planning period deprived the rural sector.

    Urban bias promotes a better standard of living in the cities relative to the countryside. In 1950 officially defined 'poor peasants' accounted for 52% of the population, yet they only owned 14% of the land, whereas the landlords and 'rich peasants' who accounted for just 9% of the population had

  2. Discover whether there is a hierarchy in Leicestershire.

    The reason that I have done these is so that I can produce an analysis of the questionnaire: Analysis of questionnaires Leicester: Although we have gained as accurate as possible set of results, I can say that the results would be different if we surveyed it at a different time.

  1. Using examples discuss Cloke's (2003) statement that the idea of idyllic rurality has 'rendered ...

    This in turn moulds the object, rurality, through the specific actions of people towards it. An example of this may be tourism whereby a representation is used to attract tourism. This image may 'hide' social problems. This also demonstrates a power balance in this case the power is economically based.

  2. The Canadian Birth Rate has said to have declined in the past 20 years. ...

    Some Canadian cultural groups such as Italians and Greeks do not accept cohabitation or single parenting (Baker, 1993: P.295). With these strict moral codes of values, opportunities for unplanned pregnancies are reduced. Those who do not abide to this code are made to feel shameful.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work