• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why have services declined in rural areas in the past 30 years?

Extracts from this document...


Human Geography Essay Q. Why have services declined in rural areas in the past 30 years? (20 Marks) A recent survey conducted by the Women's Institute found that in the final decade of the 20th Century, more than a thousand village shops had closed down, and most rural communities lay within ten miles of a supermarket.1 This discovery has become just one of a number of eventualities that have arisen in over the past 30 years, since the arrival of a retail revolution experienced by the UK during the 1970s. A key factor in this is the fact that the population as a whole have become more mobile. At the end of 2000, there were over 24 million cars registered in the UK, double that registered in 1975. Over 70 per cent of British households had regular use of a car in 1998-2000, and ownership was well spread amongst different sectors of the population. The number of households with the use of one car has remained stable over recent years at about 45 per cent, but the proportion with the use of two or more has risen to 28 per cent, almost doubling from 1981 to 2000.2 These figures indicate the reasoning behind rural service decline in the UK, and likewise, in many countries across the developed world. ...read more.


Larger villages tend to grow faster, as they have a faster response to planning priorities. Also, planning constraints in the county, with areas of green belt around Oxford discourages growth, and this too leads to prevention of urban sprawl and developments outside the city itself. Areas such as Nuneham Courtenay in the Chilterns were declared areas of outstanding natural beauty (AONBs) and growth was constrained leading to a rural decline of services. The need for new development meant that these places lost out, and planning permission was given to areas with more developments already occurring. The combination of these factors has resulted in depopulation and stagnation in some villages, with rapid growth in others. Ipsden stagnated because of poor accessibility, but Nuneham Courtenay's decline was because its designation as an AONB. These declines seen in the county were also due to a final factor though. The relatively affluent inhabitants in many settlements were unsympathetic towards these changes. NIMBYism - the 'Not In My Back Yard' approach halted further developments. There opinions centred on the existing villages, and did not welcome these new changes. These may have been just some of the reasons why services have declined in rural areas in the past 30 years. Q. With reference to examples, discuss the issues raised by this decline in rural services. ...read more.


They are also unlikely to sell their homes, preferring to rent, and therefore inflate the rural housing market. Thus, making it difficult for young people to buy their first homes, and climb onto the housing ladder. National economic changes have raised several important issues. Should rural services be given Government support? Should some housing in rural areas be reserved for local people? And, have influxes of communities and second homeowners had an adverse affect on rural communities? The issues raised in this discussion have been attempted to be counteracted. Key settlement policies have been introduced to kerb depopulation and sustain rural services. These implementations mean that rural communities must have a selection of adequate shops, public transport, a primary school, and community facilities such as a village hall and public house. These policies have an effect on rural settlement hierarchy. They raise the status of these settlements, and accelerate decline in others. Although, inevitably these policies are not popular in the places not designated settlements of improved services, it has helped to balance the disadvantages that have plagued many rural areas over the pat 30 years. 1 Page 185, Geography for AS by Clive Hart 2 Quoted from 'http://www.statistics.gov.uk/STATBASE/ssdataset.asp?vlnk=5152&More=Y' 3 AS/A-level Geography Exam Revision Notes ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 / 4 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    is terraced, cramped and poor quality 1920s Industrial Change - Industry collapsed due to age, competitions, limited expansion space, unattractive environment, and poor transport links. Houses became slum like and workers were unemployed, few facilities and a polluted environment 1960s till today - Housing has been improved to some extent

  2. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    satisfy the arrogant and greedy wishes of the workers or lose the fruits of his crops. When the king was told that they were not observing his order and had given higher wages to their workmen, he levied heavy fines on abbots priors knights of great and lesser consequence and others, both great and small throughout the countryside."

  1. Why have many traditional seaside resorts declined in the last 30 years

    Nowadays package holidays are also becoming more and more popular with people being able to travel relatively cheaply, these started in the 70s and allow people to not need to worry about things such as flight connections etc as they are already covered.

  2. "What is the relation between the image of the 'rural' and the idea of ...

    Another major aspect of the perception of the rural can be described as a 'small town attitude'. What this means, is that the people within the community are tightly knit and highly communicative. It could also be suggested that these 'small town attitude' people have a resentment for the more

  1. Explain why urban-industrialization in China during the central planning period deprived the rural sector.

    Through the progressive socialization of Chinese agriculture (making ownership of land collective, not individual or family), the landowning elite was eliminated, and the source of its income and influence abolished; 'Simply eliminating the feudal lords and those dependent upon them freed up an enormous amount of resources that could be

  2. Discover whether there is a hierarchy in Leicestershire.

    - (-276361.1176 � (5.11�33) c = 3.25 - -1412205.311 c = 42794.19882 Therefore I can conclude that the general formula of the line is: y = (-276361.12 � x) + 42794.20 now I will draw the line y = m log x + c by calculating 3 points on the

  1. Investigating the theory Tesco dominates shopping patterns in Purley

    There are not only people who live in Purley who are willing to come to Purley Shopping centre, people from neighbouring areas comes as well, such as South Croydon, South Croydon, Coulsdon and Sanderstead. This can be evidence that Purley could attract many other people from different areas to come to Purley for business or even shopping.

  2. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    Unlike other economies however, Chinese peasants' consumption was also limited by the fact that the availability of 'non-productive' goods and services was controlled and limited by the state. Under Mao, these had been all but eliminated to make way for the production of goods which would further the Communist cause.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work