• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why is Africa the least economically developed continent in the World?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why is Africa the Least Economically Developed Continent in the World? There are three main types of industry that people are employed in; Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Primary industry involves the extraction or exploitation of natural resources e.g. Farming, fishing, mining and forestry. Secondary industry involves the manufacture of raw materials into saleable products, e.g. refineries, processors and manufacturing. Tertiary industry is the service sector, e.g. transport, sales and anything that offers anyone a service. The percentage of people employed in these different sectors can be used to suggest how developed a country is. If a country' main employment sector is Primary industry or subsistence farming the country is in Rostow's Stage 1 and is almost completely undeveloped. When a country begins to increase its Secondary and Tertiary sectors it is in Rostow's stage 2 and has begun to develop. Rostow's Stages carry on to stage 5 where the dominance of employment is in Tertiary Industry. To sum up Rostow's model, the higher percentage of people in a country employed in Primary industry, the less developed the country is, the higher the percentage of people employed in Tertiary industry the more developed it is. This map shows the spatial variations in Gross National Product (GNP) ...read more.

Middle

In this area, eastern Africa includes such countries as Ethiopia, Somalia, and Uganda. Among the nations of Central and West Africa are Angola, Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Southern Africa is dominated by the country of South Africa, and also includes Botswana, Lesotho, and Namibia. Sub Saharan Africa's climate is mostly hot and humid with a high annual temperature and high rainfall. Southern Africa is mainly arid or semi arid, with a long dry season. Africa is very rich in mineral resources, possessing most of the known mineral types of the world, many of which are found in significant quantities, although the geographic distribution is uneven. Africa has some of the world's largest reserves of gold, diamonds, copper, bauxite, manganese, nickel, platinum, cobalt, radium, germanium, lithium, titanium, and phosphates. Traditionally, the vast majority of Africans have been farmers and herders who raised crops and livestock for subsistence. Manufacturing and crafts were carried out as part-time activities. A few states developed long distance trade systems, and in these places complex exchange facilities as well as industrial specialization, communication networks, and elaborate governmental structures maintained the flow of commerce. But overall trade in Africa was limited by transportation and communication difficulties, and by differences in currency and other incompatibilities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most former British colonies in Africa continue to have loose trade relations with Great Britain and keep monetary reserves in London. Sub Saharan Africa is the world's least developed region, using the HDI as a measure of development, the bottom 19 countries are all in Africa. Africa is a very dry continent in which is the World's largest hot desert, the Sahara. The Sahara has an area larger than the whole of Europe and is inhabited by few people due to the extreme weather conditions. The rest of Africa generally has a wet and dry season, however, the length and intensity of these seasons are hard to predict and change immensely from year to year. This makes it difficult for a continent that is reliant on agriculture to break away from subsistence farming and produce a surplus. There is an increasing amount of desertification occurring in Africa where the deserts, especially the Sahara are becoming larger, enveloping area around them. This process is partly due to the deforestation of areas of forest; with no roots to hold soil in place, it blows away leaving an infertile desert. The weather system El Niño also affects Africa. El Niño is the periodic warming of the Pacific Ocean that occurs once every five to seven years. In 1997-98 El Niño caused extremely heavy floods in some parts and drought in others ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. Just in Time (JIT), as a survival strategy for the manufacturing industry against fierce ...

    in order to avoid extra cost to get the materials just in time. Also most SMEs are dependent on a few major customers [5]. They normally suffer from an unstable demand from these key customers. Hardly having any bargaining power with their customers, it is hard for them to compel their customers to order on a stable demand rate.

  2. Opportunities in the big emerging markets (BEMs) such as India, Brazil and China.

    Firms that have created a stable presence in China stand the chance of sustaining their success when firms motivated by low labor costs seek opportunities elsewhere in Asia or in Africa. Without doubt, any firm planning a long-term presence in China has to consider how they will expand into the less-developed regions of that country.

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    The farms are owned and operated by individuals, groups or government. Advantages: o Maximum use is made of land space. o Farms have more than one source of income. o It is easier to check the spread of pests and diseases. Disadvantages * A higher level of management is required.

  2. The Industrial Revolution In the United States.

    Those who had a stake in the traditional economy lost ground as mechanized production replaced household manufacturing.

  1. Case Analysis: Longe Industries v. Archco, JNRP

    Archco's defense on the misappropriation could try to establish that Longe had lost its trade secret protection by not taking the appropriate steps to protect the information. The Archco management team should look back on the sequence of events to analyze their current position.

  2. Account for the uneven distribution of food supplies in the more developed countries and ...

    In contrast, for some more developed countries, the climatic and relief condition is more favorable. For example, the Prairies in the wheat belt of USA and Canada extensive commercial arable farming which is usually wheat farming can be found because the presence large piece of flatland and rich grassland soils, black earth or dark brown soil.

  1. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    As an illustration, a new piece of equipment that is capable of producing items at a higher quality and faster is installed. This information needs to be passed on to all the other departments say the process department and the inventory control department.

  2. Why have agricultural surpluses become a feature of many countries in the developed world ...

    inputs and efficiency is one of the main causes of agricultural surpluses. Land improvements such as drainage and reclamation were supported, as also was the amalgamation of farms. Small holders were encouraged to retire early or give up farming to allow more efficient scale operators to take over.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work