• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why is tourism seen as an important means of economic development in many less economically developed countries? To what extent are the benefits of tourism for these countries, outweighed by the costs?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why is tourism seen as an important means of economic development in many less economically developed countries? To what extent are the benefits of tourism for these countries, outweighed by the costs? Tourism is often seen by the leaders of economically less developed countries as one of the best ways to promote economic development. This view is taken due to broadly five benefits tourism brings with it: infrastructure; employment; foreign exchange; investment; and the fostering of connections with the West. The extent to which the benefits outweigh the costs varies markedly from area to area, making generalization difficult. However, it can be seen that in most destinations, whilst there have been a number of problems, on balance, tourism has been a force for good. Tourism often necessitates the building or upgrading of infrastructure, in order to provide basic amenities for tourists. Many LEDCs (less economically developed countries) suffer from a lack of sanitation, electricity, fresh water, and good communications links. However, in order to attract tourists, all these services must be provided. ...read more.

Middle

Not only does it create stable, formal, service jobs in restaurants and hotels, but also large numbers of informal jobs. For example, in countries like Zimbabwe, there are many markets and street vendors, selling merchandise to tourists, and in the National Parks of Kenya, the Maasai perform in front of tourists. All these seemingly minor activities provide a fairly stable wage to many people. Through the provision of both formal and informal jobs, tourism boosts the average purchasing power of ordinary people. With greater disposable income, greater consumption follows, thereby leading to the creation of local companies to cater for this demand. Tourism also creates a stream of investment into an LEDC. In order to cater for tourists, capital is transferred into these countries to pay for the building of hotels, bars, and other facilities. Whilst most of the skilled jobs are taken by foreigners, the provision of raw materials such as cement, is often locally sourced. Furthermore, the construction work itself can often be done by local workers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Socially, tourism can also damage. Many are unhappy at the cultural vandalism of traditional cultures - Hawaii in particular has had its distinct culture reduced by worthless stereotypes. In addition, Western tourists often bring with them cultural differences and insensitivities that offend individuals - Kenya has recently produced a guide advising tourists on dress code. Environmentally, mass tourism can also damage the environment. In National Parks, such as Kenya, animals are often disturbed, and the fragile savannah environment damaged. Tourists create large amounts of pollution / rubbish that in many LEDCs is not dealt with properly. Insensitivity to fragile environment, such as coral reefs, has often damaged ecosystems inseparably. In conclusion, LEDCs place such an emphasis on tourism in their economic development plans, because it is an excellent source of revenue, employment and foreign exchange. Nevertheless, tourism has had many negative effects on LEDCs, bringing with it environmental destruction, exploitation, and cultural imperialism. However, on balance, tourism is beneficial to a country. It helps 'kick-start' economic growth, and if managed properly and carefully, can actually be a force for good environmentally and socially. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    payment of business rates Contribution to the Balance of Payments * The Balance of Payments refers to the difference in the nations economy between the income generated from exports and the cost of imports * It is harder to measure in tourism as tourists are paying for services rather than

  2. The Impact of Transnational Corporations on Less Economically Developed Countries

    As previously mentioned, the TNC will most probably enjoy large profits if they set up branches in LEDCs. The problem is most of this money will not stay within the country because the main branch of the TNC will be situated in an MEDC.

  1. What are the factors that led to contemporary differences in development between countries?

    farming or mining , rather its one of the leading car manufacturers of hi-tech goods and services . South Korea has social problems like every other country but theirs as a developed country are nowhere near as big as Haiti's as the South Korean government can provide solutions where the Haitian government cant .

  2. Assess the extent to which Trans National Corporations (TNCs) have a positive impact ...

    This may be the case; however with the help of TNC's, LEDC's are managing to cope better with the strains. This is because TNC's bring wealth and foreign currency to local economies when they buy resources, products and services.

  1. Different types of travel destination. Study of Cardiff and Barcelona as travel destinations.

    It was constructed for the 1929 Universal Exposition. Today, hundreds of visitors view the fountains' shows each weekend. The show also features a spectacular view of the National Palace in the background. There are numerous beaches in Barcelona but probably the busiest is Barceloneta Beach during peak season, which runs from June to September.

  2. The relationships between the physical environment and economic activities are no longer important. Discuss.

    Rio de Janeiro owes much of its grandeur and wealth to the physical environment - many of the municipal buildings were built on the influx of wealth from the extraction of gold in the 18th and 19th centuries. Today, the area is the biggest extractor of petroleum in Brazil from

  1. Pros and Cons of Tourism in Windsor

    a honey pot with many people visiting every year because of its attractions. Windsor Castle is located in the city of London in Campden Hill Road. Within the Castle complex there are many additional attractions, including the Drawings Gallery, Queen Mary's dolls' house, and the fourteenth-century St.

  2. Newly industrialised countries have been, and continue to be, the driving force of globalisation. ...

    In order for this to be feasible, the TNCs would have to make sure that their product logo is recognisable and distinguishable from others in the same market so that it stands out, and is thus bought. 1. TNCs aren?t the only reason as to why industrialisation began in countries like China though.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work