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Why was there so much unrest in Europe by 1848?

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Introduction

Why was there so much unrest in Europe by 1848? Although there were individual reasons to the causation of each revolution in Europe at 1848, there were several common causes, which relate to all of the 1948 revolutions. The long-term causation of the 1848 revolutions include the gradual increase in industrialization, which in turn resulted to overcrowding in cities, and food shortages. In addition to the population growth because of an increased demand of factory workers, numerous skilled workers lost their job. Triggering off the revolutions in 1848 were the economic and financial crises, after 1845. Political, long-term factors contributed to unrest in Europe by 1848. ...read more.

Middle

Overall, there was unrest in Europe because of the Congress of Vienna's approach to reorganizing Europe and the fact that liberals desired more rights for the people. A common, economic causation to the 1948 revolutions in Europe was Industrialization. Industrialization meaning the development of industry on extensive scale, with an apparent disregard of manual labour, was the causation to the population increase and the discontentment amongst skilled workers. The population increased from 1750 to 1850, from approximately 140 million citizens in 1750 to 266 million citizens in 1840. A specific area can only hold a certain number of people, considering the resources available (land, water, food...etc). ...read more.

Conclusion

One third of the population of western Germany was on relief by 1847, and there were numerous food riots throughout Europe. The increase in food prices was the reason for the financial crisis, as people could not afford to buy anything else, but food. Therefore, Industry declined. Overall, the crises forced feelings of discontentment and unrest from businessmen and working people. Overall, Industrialization brought about the population growth, which in turn caused overcrowding, disease and food shortages. The economic crisis after 1845 contributed to the apparent reduction in food supplies due to agriculture failures. This in turn caused the financial crisis after 1845, forcing feelings of discontentment to arise from working people and businessmen. In addition, after the French Revolution, the Congress of Vienna, consisting of monarchists, ignored liberalism and nationalism, hence upset liberals and nationalists. ...read more.

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