• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to a case study on Brazil, explain what affects rural to urban migration.

Extracts from this document...


With reference to a case study on Brazil, explain what affects rural to urban migration The following essay is based on a case study of Brazil. I will describe and show the problems of rural to urban migration. The two locations we will be studying are the Caatinga and a city called Belo Horizonte, both located in Brazil (see map below). Rural areas are areas isolated from city centers with very little communication and transport to them. They are very poor areas with little agriculture. Urban areas are city like places where communication, transport and living conditions are acceptable. The Caatinga is one of the most remote areas of Brazil. It is a dry and poor area. It is the largest dry region in South America. The vegetation in this area is very pitiable. Population Pressure happens a lot here. Many people are born and are forced to live in such disgraceful conditions. It is situated in the North-eastern part of Brazil. The Caatinga has serious problems including health and, the most important one, there is a lack of jobs. Another major problem are droughts. ...read more.


There is no medical care in these areas. Diseases such as Malaria strike young children and elder people causing death rates to increase drastically. This also is connected with transport. Ill and sick people cannot be transported to cities to be taken care of. No food can be imported to the Caatinga. The population of the Caatinga can only live on what they produce, this is called subsistence farming. The climate has also a very important job in the Caatinga and is one of the biggest factors causing migration. All through out the year there is little or no rain at all in some areas of the Caatinga. The temperatures are very high in the summer (reaching over 30�) and in the winter are very cold (approximately 10�). Families in the Caatinga are very large. Some families have up to 15 children and in some cases can reach 20. This is because people want to have more children so that they can be maintained when they reach an older age. Another reason is that diseases can easily kill many children. On average out of 10 children, 5 die of illnesses or starvation. ...read more.


It would need to build a new transport system, including a railway and more roads. It could also build hospital facilities and refugee camps for homeless people. It should improve agricultural facilities adding irrigating systems and it should bring, using aqueducts, water to remote villages. This could also bring problems because people living in the Caatinga might not want their land to be industrialized. Also the funds to help could be received from the population of urban cities which might disapprove. Rio de Janeiro has tried to improve living conditions of the Favelas by expanding its land and becoming the second largest city in the world. It has built on a flat piece of land tall buildings for rich people to move in. It is a much safer place for people to live in. It is actually become a new city called Barra. Barra is one of the safest cities in South America. It has the largest shopping mall in all of South America. The criminality is very low. By building this city, Rio de Janeiro has stopped growing because people move out to Barra more. Soon Barra will become as large as Rio and suffer the same problems if migration doesn't stop. Luca Galbiati 16.11.02 Class 10 I ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Case Study of Deprivation in a Rural Area - Cornwall

    Only free-range pigs are profitable. Many pig farmers are now selling up. Bread Wheat �95 per tonne �115 per tonne (including the EU subsidy) Cereals are profitable, so more land is being used for growing wheat or barley. More large machinery is now found on narrow country lanes; more insecticides

  2. London Docklands Case Study.

    This meant there was not much lure for normal families to come there and also the workers would not have liked it. The houses were built fairly fast in the past, so they were not very hard wearing at all.

  1. Labor Migration - Politics and Governance

    Based on their experience, they observed a rather obvious irony in the circumstances of labor migration. They saw that many families were being split or broken because of parents leaving their families for work abroad, something that had an initial goal of working for the family and keeping it together.

  2. Microclimates.My purpose of this study is to establish whether my hypotheses are true or ...

    Figure 3: Comparison Between Temperatures Of West Ealing And Osterley Figure 4: The Comparison Of Relative Humidity Between West Ealing And Osterley. As I predicted West Ealing has a much higher temperature throughout the day than Osterley. This is very apparent from the figure 3, as you can see the

  1. Locality and Hapiness: A Study of Quality of Life

    I have worked out the averages, so that it would be much easer for me to compare with the other urban areas. . No. Questions Averages 1 How would you rate the level of education in your local area?

  2. Geography: Causes of Famine

    Figure 15. African/Ethiopian Famine Case Study Consequences * Ethiopian authorities opted for shock treatment, a radical transformation of rural Ethiopia - with resources from aid organizations they uprooted a large portion of rural population and relocated them into new collective structures. * 600,000 people were forcibly transferred to northern and southern regions and 3million peasants were forced to abandon their land.

  1. Case study on Bangladesh.

    The performance of this sector has an overwhelming impact on major macroeconomic objectives like employment generation, poverty alleviation, human resources development and food security. Meeting the nation's food requirements remains the key-objective of the 3 government and in recent years there has been substantial increase in grain production.

  2. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    It was, quite simply, the surplus population which was removed, the last stage of progressive cull which had begun at least eighty years before the Black Death. In the countryside marginal lands which had been newly colonised were abandoned as agriculture contracted back onto the best lands.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work