• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to either Waste management in urban areas or Transport management in urban areas, discuss the extent to which sustainability can be achieved.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

With reference to either Waste management in urban areas or Transport management in urban areas, discuss the extent to which sustainability can be achieved. Sustainability in urban areas is seen as a major problem in the world today. A sustainable city is a city that can meet the needs of the present population without hindering the needs of the future generations. To create a sustainable city many issues and areas need to be considered such as energy resources, waste management and transport. Transport in particular is an issue that needs to be dealt with. As the levels of traffic are increasing, many urban areas are putting into place traffic management schemes to deal with the problems having a high traffic level can pose. This essay will examine if sustainability of cities can been achieved by only managing the traffic problems opposed to managing other issues. ...read more.

Middle

Traffic management is needed in certain areas due to the amount of traffic that is now on the roads. The movement through London in particular is now slower that ever with the average speed being 7-10 mph. By introducing the congestion charge in 2003, London aimed to reduce traffic congestion and make journeys quicker. This has led to 21% less traffic in central London and bus passengers in the area increase by 6%. The congestion charge has helped make London more sustainable due to the �8 charge benefitting the economy and the 12% drop in emissions of nitrous oxide in the city centre benefiting the environment. Increased traffic congestion in LEDCs is also a serious problem in the sustainability of the country. Cairo in Egypt suffers from acute traffic congestion, energy consumption and high pollution. The pollution due to the high traffic problems has increased so much in the last 10 years that scientists predict half a million residents of the 6.5 million residents ...read more.

Conclusion

However, other issues that are being managed in cities and towns to improve sustainability should be noted. For instance if waste management in cities is controlled, the city will obviously benefit. For example in Leicester, there has been an aim to recycle 40% of household waste and due to a new partnership with Biffa the city is able to divert 70% of household waste from landfill. This has helped Leicester achieve environmental sustainability by helping to manage waste in an eco-friendly way. Overall, sustainability cannot be completely achieved by transport management. Sustainable development can be seen as a three-legged stool (as demonstrated in figure 1) with each leg showing a feature of sustainability; environmental, economic and social. Without achieving environmental, economic and social sustainability, can an area be seen as sustainable? For instance Leicester may have achieved environmental sustainability but might still have social inequity between ethnic minorities meaning the city will not be truly sustainable. In conclusion, traffic management schemes have helped urban areas achieve sustainability but other factors such as energy consumption should also be managed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

Overall, this is a good response. It discusses the success of attempts to achieve sustainability through traffic management schemes. This is done by giving evidence for (such as the congestion charge in London) and against (such as the need for ...

Read full review

Response to the question

Overall, this is a good response. It discusses the success of attempts to achieve sustainability through traffic management schemes. This is done by giving evidence for (such as the congestion charge in London) and against (such as the need for other measures for example waste management in Leicester) the idea that traffic management can lead to sustainability. It is good that the student gives evidence for both sides of the argument as this demonstrates that they have considered the question in an unbiased and impartial manner. To add, a key point to take from this essay is that they have defined sustainability in the introduction - this is vital to show that you understand the key concepts underlying the question.

Level of analysis

The student gives lots of examples of specific cities that have used sustainability strategies. Giving specific examples is important as it shows depth of understanding - the student knows both the theory and how the theory occurs in real life situations. Additionally, this adds weights to their arguments because it shows the reader that the essay is evidence-based rather than opinion-based.

Quality of writing

On the whole, the quality of writing is good. There is a clear structure: an introductory paragraph, the main body and the argument, and the conclusion. It is important to split your essay up in this way as it is conventional and also allows the reader to see that you can organise arguments in a logical and coherent manner. In criticism, some of the grammar and the way sentences are worded could be worked on (for example, "however the problems of high levels of traffic in the countries such as rush hour, slow movement of traffic and air pollution remain the same", doesn't quite make sense). Simple proof-reading could correct this.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by danielle-dansmell 27/06/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry After World War II

    Things carried on well but then British Holidays had some competition from the foreign countries like Spain and holidays abroad had boomed up and British seaside holidays were coming to an end. Now only 3 camps remain. Changing Customer needs and expectations Peoples needs and expectations have changed a lot in recent years.

  2. Deforestation and its impact on the environment

    The climate becomes more extreme due to deforestation. The occurrence and strength of floods and droughts increases. Forests store large amounts of carbon which are released once the trees are cut down or burnt. Deforestation and burning of biomass will be responsible for 15% of the greenhouse effect between 1990 and 2025.

  1. Tourism in the Peak District National Park

    parking difficulties * Tourists less considerate and drop litter * Services are put in place for them like cafes and restaurants which ruin the scenery * Inconsiderate parking * Local birds living on moorland areas are driven out of their homes * Livestock can be killed by dogs not kept on leads How can tourism be managed?

  2. Water Crisis in Pakistan, its Impact on the Economy and Potential Solutions.

    as per 1991 agreement between the provinces. Now the shortage of water will cause disputes between the provinces, which may cause harm to the national integrity. Ground Water Shortage of surface water has put tremendous pressure on ground water. The draw down phenomena is now being observed and water table has gone down.

  1. The Environment: Whose Responsibility?

    fault for not giving the other delegates more reason to agree to the new measures. This shows how much the government really is responsible for the environment and how much difference what they do or don't do really makes. The tiny changes that the few people who are in power

  2. Can sustainable development be achieved in cold environments? Discuss.

    One of the key roles served by government in co-management is to provide the Institutes of Public Government with the best advice on which to make land use and resource decisions. This role is most intense with the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board, where hundreds of decisions are considered each year pertaining to wildlife management.

  1. Environmental Pollution Faced In Malaysia

    From the Klang River, and average of 50-60 tons of rubbish is collected daily. After a rainy day, it is not surprising to gather 80 tons of rubbish from the rubbish traps along the Klang River and its tributaries. Situations where by floating rubbish are found in river throughout the

  2. Enviromental Health - how humans can damage the environment

    In some areas of the world water pollution issue is totally out of control, and in these areas polluted water spreads different toxins and other chemicals into environment, making it dirty, and above all unhealthy place to live in. The main problem with water pollution is the fact that in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work