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With reference to located examples, explain how the exploitation of energy resources can create opportunities for local communities

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Introduction

With reference to located examples, explain how the exploitation of energy resources can create opportunities for local communities (25 marks) Energy can be considered as a renewable and a non-renewable resource. Renewable energy can be used over and over again. These resources (e.g. wind, solar and hydroelectric) are sustainable and usually cause little or no environmental pollution. Whereas, Non-renewable sources of energy are the fossil fuels and eventually these resources could become exhausted. The exploitation of energy resources creates numerous opportunities for local communities socially, economically and environmentally. The UK, Mali and the Three Gorges dam are no exception. The exploitation of energy resources in the UK can create a number of opportunities. The UK has already taken between half and three-quarters of the oil and gas in its territorial waters. Natural gas is the least polluting of all fossil fuels and therefore, it is a healthier resource for the environment. ...read more.

Middle

The UK also has economic opportunities created by HEP because water to run the power plant is provided free by nature. Also, there are relatively low operations and maintenance costs. Britain has a wind farm 3km off the coast of Great Yarmouth. The government encourages wind power to help meet its commitment to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. This is another resource to help the environment as wind is a clean source of renewable energy that produces no air or water pollution. And since the wind is free, operational costs are nearly zero once a turbine is built helping the community economically. The exploitation of energy resources in Mali can create a number of opportunities. Mali in West Africa is an extremely poor country. Most people depend on the environment, in terms of farming and fishing for their livelihoods. Woodcutting is a rural industry and provides the only source of employment for many people. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Three Gorges Dam on the Chang Jiang River in China will be the world?s largest dam. The Chang Jiang is China?s longest river and is rich in both water resources hydropower, vital for China?s economic development. The dam would not only control flooding but also provide hydropower, essential for further economic development. Flood control is a social benefit because it will save lives and livelihoods in the densely populated Jingjiang and flood control is an economic benefit because China will afford protection from 1 in a 100 year flood. Providing hydropower is an economic benefit because it will provide about 10% of China?s current needs. The dam will also create jobs benefiting the community socially. Environmentally, the Three Gorges Dam will reduce air pollution as hydropower replaces thermal power. The UK, Mali and the Three Gorges Dam each make use of their renewable and non-renewable resources to provide energy resources creating opportunities for local communities socially, economically and environmentally. However, non-renewable resources dominate global energy and I believe we should try to achieve a better balance between renewables and non-renewables. ...read more.

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