• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to one or more examples, evaluate the success of redevelopment of urban centres in response to recent trends in retailing.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐With reference to one or more examples, evaluate the success of redevelopment of urban centres in response to recent trends in retailing. Redevelopment is the process of improving cleared or undeveloped land, including construction of buildings and other facilities by public or private developers. Recent retail trends have had many negative impacts to urban centres in the past; whether it is from out-of-town retail or CBD decline, but some manage to flourish alongside, mainly due to management such as redevelopment keeping it alive. My main example for this, is Reading, a large town located in south-west England, on the M4. ...read more.

Middle

It was then decided this was not enough – and in 1997, the decision was made to, through the process of redevelopment, create an in-door shopping centre in the centre of Reading, namely the Oracle. It opened in 1999, on a derelict brownfield site. It was 0.9km squared, and cost £200 million. It was relatively successful – the total retail offer in Reading was increased by a third, with around 90 shops.. It did change the trend in retailing – the catchment grew to 1.7 million people, more than that of its out-of-town competition, and attracted 22 million customers in 2001. ...read more.

Conclusion

All these schemes have had a large measure of success ? Reading is now rated as the best centre for shopping in Southern England, outside of central London. So, the centre of Reading has experienced redevelopment in terms of Pedestrianisation, the building of a large in-door shopping centre, with alongside attractions, all resulting in a much larger catchment, now spanning 1.7m people, and attracts over 20 million customers a year, placing it so high in rankings, it is rated the best in Southern England, which is a successful counter to recent retailing trends, and the centre is still thriving. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Cardiff Bay Redevelopment investigation.

    This was greatly compounded by the fact that petrol was now being introduced as an alternative means of fuel and demand for petrol and petrol-burning industry superseded that of coal. During the war periods also, exporting lines across the Atlantic to other continents had to be cut off due to

  2. Development of the leisure and recreation industry

    94 96 Leisure classes 3 4 4 Pie Chart for home based leisure activities Pie Chart for away from home leisure activities Summing up the trends I can clearly see that the largest market is the in home entertainment market; this can be with friends and families, the largest out

  1. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    He concludes that the policy to encourage local involvement and co-operation has not been as effective as it should be in this multiple use area. Parkipuny (1991) demands a much more holistic, integrated approach to regional planning in the whole Serengeti and Ngorongoro area.

  2. Bestwood Country Park is situated in North Nottinghamshire 4 miles north of the Nottingham ...

    Another negative long term effect created would be more noise and air pollution created by the traffic. The air pollution would give off carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide into the atmosphere, a very bad environmental effect. If this road system were to be developed it would affect much of the community, possibly creating a poorer quality of life for them.

  1. With reference to specific examples evaluate the possible ways of reducing global differences in ...

    With reference to specific examples evaluate the possible ways of reducing global differences in wealth. With connections between the rich and the poor becoming increasingly stronger in the global era, it is becoming increasingly harder to ignore our personal effects on the less fortunate.

  2. "With reference to one or more case studies consider the impact oftourism in the ...

    On a smaller scale, Saffron Walden attracts most people to see its quaint and picturesque streets of Medieval and Tudor architecture. The secondary resources are the provided services that are required to cope with the influx of tourists. This includes adequate accommodation, catering, entertainment, as well as an investment into

  1. Leisure & Recreation: An investigation into recent trends

    Such as bowling greens or danicng halls. In the future I think that people will continue to have more free time.Due to people working at home on computers. Instead of travelling two hours a day to go and sit in front of a computer people can sit in front of

  2. What is Inequality? Give some examples.

    So many live right at the poverty line a year. Can Walmart afford to pay its employees better and offer better health benefits? Of course it can, but that would cut into the profits and the CEO's will not get quite as many millions the following year.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work