• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to one or more examples, evaluate the success of redevelopment of urban centres in response to recent trends in retailing.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐With reference to one or more examples, evaluate the success of redevelopment of urban centres in response to recent trends in retailing. Redevelopment is the process of improving cleared or undeveloped land, including construction of buildings and other facilities by public or private developers. Recent retail trends have had many negative impacts to urban centres in the past; whether it is from out-of-town retail or CBD decline, but some manage to flourish alongside, mainly due to management such as redevelopment keeping it alive. My main example for this, is Reading, a large town located in south-west England, on the M4. ...read more.

Middle

It was then decided this was not enough – and in 1997, the decision was made to, through the process of redevelopment, create an in-door shopping centre in the centre of Reading, namely the Oracle. It opened in 1999, on a derelict brownfield site. It was 0.9km squared, and cost £200 million. It was relatively successful – the total retail offer in Reading was increased by a third, with around 90 shops.. It did change the trend in retailing – the catchment grew to 1.7 million people, more than that of its out-of-town competition, and attracted 22 million customers in 2001. ...read more.

Conclusion

All these schemes have had a large measure of success ? Reading is now rated as the best centre for shopping in Southern England, outside of central London. So, the centre of Reading has experienced redevelopment in terms of Pedestrianisation, the building of a large in-door shopping centre, with alongside attractions, all resulting in a much larger catchment, now spanning 1.7m people, and attracts over 20 million customers a year, placing it so high in rankings, it is rated the best in Southern England, which is a successful counter to recent retailing trends, and the centre is still thriving. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    and Kingfisher Resort in the Fraser Island World Heritage Area are leaders in Australia. The Monkey Mia Resort is particularly impressive for the assistance given to dolphin researchers, the good relationship with the local resource management agency, and its funding contributions to the Project Eden concept for reintroduction of endangered species into the Peron Peninsula.

  2. With reference to specific examples evaluate the possible ways of reducing global differences in ...

    Ties created in a different social era have suppressed the development of the less economically developed countries. We have a responsibility to assess our impacts and create a suitable response if we are ever to progress to a world were boundaries no longer exist.

  1. "With reference to one or more case studies consider the impact oftourism in the ...

    All this is essential if the country or urban centre wants to be a successful "honeypot" for tourists, and this is due to carrying capacities. Carrying capacities are the level of development or degree of tourist activity that a place can tolerate before negative effects occur, (without suffering decline)

  2. Leisure & Recreation: An investigation into recent trends

    Such as bowling greens or danicng halls. In the future I think that people will continue to have more free time.Due to people working at home on computers. Instead of travelling two hours a day to go and sit in front of a computer people can sit in front of

  1. The purpose of the essay is to critically evaluate how the interpretation of work ...

    www.mhlw.go.jp/english/ Japan has recently become under headline for its "fatal work ethic". A recent survey by the Japanese Trade Union Confederation estimates one in thirty male workers in their early 30s put in more than 3,000 hours a year; equivalent to 58 hours a week, a level already defined by the government as a threat to health.

  2. Development of the leisure and recreation industry

    The rise in household income has been averaged but by looking at the ONS Social trends 34:2004 document I can see that the household income can be distributed highly, the closer we get to London the household disposable income increases and in Ireland the household income is lower.

  1. London Docklands - Managing change in an urban area.

    The River Thames and the docks along the river are too difficult and too crowded to use for the very large ships, which carry the containers. The dock companies decided to use other ports such as Tilbury and Felixstowe, which are next to the sea and are not crowded by poor roads and a large city.

  2. Cardiff Bay Redevelopment investigation.

    In the Butetown community there were different noticeable areas; firstly the original housing of Victorian and Edwardian architecture for the wealthy and affluent, and later on, the working class homes, closer to the industrial areas. Business peaked in the bay area around 1910 when around 13million tons of coal were being exported from Cardiff docks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work