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With reference to one or more MEDC's, explain why MEDC's often contain examples of regions suffering de-industrialisation at the same time as other regions experience growth.

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Economic Activity Essay a) With reference to one or more MEDC's, explain why MEDC's often contain examples of regions suffering de-industrialisation at the same time as other regions experience growth. De-industrialisation is a decline in the number of people employed in secondary industry. Secondary industry is the process in which raw materials acquired from primary industry are made into other products. In the United Kingdom, de-industrialisation began to occur in the 1970's. This was due to many things. One of the reasons de-industrialisation occurred was an increase in mechanization. Mechanization is where technological development improves and machines, robots and computers then do much of the manufacturing and so jobs are lost. This means that a lot less factories were needed and so there are a lot less jobs available. ...read more.


It also has a very skilled labour force as the southeast contains many of the best universities, and the surrounding areas are very scenic which make them a good setting for places such as business parks. Industry in the north also declined due to the new emphasis that was put on modern industry and producing high value products such as chemicals, electronics, bio-technology and telecommunications. This industry was not suited to the north as it did not have enough skilled labour or the equipment, and so much of this industry was located in the south or in developing countries such as Malaysia. b) With reference to an example, in what ways are the problems created by the growth of manufacturing industry different from those caused by manufacturing decline. The growth and decline of the manufacturing industry in the England is split up into two parts of the country. ...read more.


This leaves the area with a mainly elderly population. An example of where this has happened is in Blaenavon is north Wales. Although the decline of the manufacturing industry causes problems, the growth of it does as well. This is mainly seen in the south of the UK. The area tends to become overcrowded due to people migrating into the area looking for work. Due to the overcrowding, there are shortages of skilled jobs in the area and there is not enough work to go round for all the people migrating to the area. In addition, due to the influx of people into the area the noise and air pollution goes up due to more cars, aeroplanes and other forms of transport. This leads to a rise in congestion in the area. There also tends to be a housing shortage, so house prices increase and they begin to build on Greenfield sites around the city. An example of this is in the southeast. Rachael Hay ...read more.

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