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With reference to one specific industry, outline where this industry has located, why it has located in such a location and if there are any changes that are taking place within the industry that could change this pattern.

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Introduction

Harpal Chima 13A Human Geography With reference to one specific industry, outline where this industry has located, why it has located in such a location and if there are any changes that are taking place within the industry that could change this pattern. The specific industry that will be referred to will be the semiconductor manufacturing industry. This industry emerged after World War II, first in the Boston area and then moved westwards into California during the 1950s. Reasons for locating in such areas include flat land, temperature, stable economy, steady government scene, accessible to markets, available raw materials and high skilled labour. Because the industry is high tech it has meant that these factors are decreasing in importance and factors such as the environment, government assistance and cleanliness are changing the pattern of semiconductor manufacturer locations. The semiconductor industry first emerged in the U.S.A, it spread from the east coast to the west coast within a decade. ...read more.

Middle

Clear examples of this would be Intel assembly plants in Penang, Malaysia and in Manila, Philippines. Design requires high level scientific, technical and engineering personal, usually in Japanese and American locations, as the chips are light transportation would not affect the location was these industries a great deal. Another key economical factor was the economy of the region, areas such as United States, Japan and Western Europe are key examples of this. The political and financial systems allowed access to the financial capital needed for the development of semiconductor manufacturing. Thus it has meant that most research and development in the industry comes mainly from Japanese and American firms. So it meant that the manufacturers would locate in Japan and America because the economy was stable and there was large amounts of capital to ensure the country would not crumble. Political factors also have a key effect on the location of semiconductor manufacturers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the governments of these countries provided the infrastructure where by these manufacturers relied and worked upon. Also the government continually keeps the infrastructure of the country up to date thus it mean that the semiconductor industry was going to take advantage of this and expand within these countries. Another area where by governments helped the industry was by establishing high technology industrial parks to attract semiconductor manufacturers. These areas are well serviced with suitable infrastructure and are often near research facilities provided by universities. Apart from economical and political factors, social and cultural factors also influence the location of semiconductor manufactures. A major factor why the research and design centers have often grown in specific areas are because the region tends to have a university. An example of this would be Silicon Valley near Stanford University, this is because the universities provide the area with centers of electrical engineering research, and they help to stimulate development of semiconductor manufacturing. ...read more.

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