• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to transport management in Urban areas discuss the extent to which sustainability can be achieved

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

With reference to transport management in Urban areas discuss the extent to which sustainability can be achieved (40 marks) Many countries around the world are facing problems in their ever increasing urban environments, one of which is managing transport. Many large cities in both LEDCs and MEDCs are faced with big problems relating to transport such as congestion, road capacity and networks, and pollution. One way to combat these issues is to create more sustainable transport schemes which offer better services to local people and at the same time are more econimcally viable for local authorities. methods of sustainable transport management have been adopted in many countries throughout the world, including the less economically developed. Sustainability is defined as ensuring we meet our present needs without compromising the needs of future generations. Transport management may be defined as the redesinging of transport systems to create a more sustainable approach in terms of socio-economic and environmental factors. This essay will look at the issues centered around transport management in both MEDCs and LEDCs, the impacts they have had on the local areas and evaluate on how successful they have been in terms of sustainability. The management of transport has been attempted in many countries throughout the world. ...read more.

Middle

Opened in 1863, it spans 250 miles of tracks and stops at more than 270 stations on 11 different lines. There are 4000 carriages and the daily usage figures exceed 3 milion. This amount of infrastructure requires a lot of money and resources to run. For exmaple, the tube system uses over a 1,000 gigawatt hours of energy and only 17% of which is renewable, making it very unsustainable as costs will mount. There is also a bus service throughout the whole of London which boasts the iconic red buses which attracts a further 6 million people on 8000 buses. Tram services in London have ground to a halt in the last few decades as they are becoming more unsustainable, a service still remains in London city centre with 24 trams in operation spanning along 17 miles of track. To counteract the many socio-economic and environmental problems caused by these modes of transport, London has adopted many different sustainable transport plans, two of which include: congestion charges and Barclays bicycle hire. The aims of these two schemes were to reduce carbon dioxide emmisions, increase accessibility to public transport for everyone, increase sustainability whilst still meeting the demands of the people of London, creating frequent services between suburbs and the city of London, and to encourage the use of bicycles and walking. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, it seems sustainability in terms of transport can only be achieved if the local people are in the correct frame of mind, if they want to do something about the issues in their area, they will do so. In my opinion, and from reports and case studies, Curitiba has proven to be the most successful as it has incorporated everybody in the city into their transport schemes and ensured that they all have access to reliable, congestion-free, efficient and plentiful public transport. They have produced rates of outstanding reductions in congestion and fuel congestion rates in such a short space of time and these rates are highly comparable with those of most MEDCs and other westernised countries. It is unlikely that such schemes can be replicated across into other more developed countries as we are reliant on our own personal transport to get around and public transport is often deemed unreliable or too expensive. The only way we can change these issues is by targeting public transport directly using some of the schemes in this essay; this has been fairly unsuccessful however. The determination shown by the people of Curitiba has really set the bar for the level of sustainability that we should all aspire to achieve and they should be very proud to lead the way into the future of sustainable cities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    With reference to examples, evaluate the success of the schemes that have been implemented ...

    5 star(s)

    Every Cairo citizen on average has only 13 square centimeters of space to live in giving a population density of 32,759 people per square kilometer.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    How successful are the regeneration schemes in Liverpool?

    4 star(s)

    For example, The Eldonian Village. Before the restoration of this land the area was suffering from poor housing conditions and environment, lack of social facilities and large unemployment because of major factories closing. In 1978 the local people were threatened with relocation, however, they formed an action group because they were determined to stay in the area.

  1. Urbanisation In LEDCs

    with them innovative ideas that they have picked up in the city. Shanty Towns In Durban, (South Africa) People build shantytowns also called Favela's if they cannot afford to buy a house or if there is no room for them to live.

  2. Assessing noise pollution mainly from public transport and other motorists.

    Project Plan- Noise Pollution Aim- The aim of this project is to show that the noise level in urban areas in particular just along Prince of Wales Road is relatively high. The contribution of the noise is coming mainly from transport, in particular; public transports i.e. Buses and delivery trucks.

  1. What are the effects of an out-of-town shopping centre on an existing shopping city ...

    Many of the low-quality areas may be in particular central-city areas but many cities still have central-city areas with high-quality living environments and high average per capita incomes. The quality of the environment in residential neighbourhoods can also change rapidly-for instance as the wealthier inhabitants of what had been a

  2. Road Traffic Accidents

    If a dropped object may become lodged in the pedals, the driver should exercise appropriate care to prevent that from happening, if necessary pulling over and stopping in order to recover the object. Eating - The act of eating can be distracting, as can the consequence of dropping food.

  1. Road congestion.

    These negative externalities make the marginal social benefit of using cars less than the marginal private benefit (i.e. marginal utility). The optimum equilibrium for society would be where the marginal social cost is equal to the marginal social benefit (Q!).

  2. As elsewhere in the world, road use charges should be introduced in the UK ...

    for the firm. Providing the price is inelastic these extra costs could be passed on to consumers in the form of higher market prices (whereby demand for the good is not too sensitive to a change in price). These extra costs can be incurred by either the opportunity cost of time (delays)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work