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With reference to transport management in Urban areas discuss the extent to which sustainability can be achieved

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Introduction

With reference to transport management in Urban areas discuss the extent to which sustainability can be achieved (40 marks) Many countries around the world are facing problems in their ever increasing urban environments, one of which is managing transport. Many large cities in both LEDCs and MEDCs are faced with big problems relating to transport such as congestion, road capacity and networks, and pollution. One way to combat these issues is to create more sustainable transport schemes which offer better services to local people and at the same time are more econimcally viable for local authorities. methods of sustainable transport management have been adopted in many countries throughout the world, including the less economically developed. Sustainability is defined as ensuring we meet our present needs without compromising the needs of future generations. Transport management may be defined as the redesinging of transport systems to create a more sustainable approach in terms of socio-economic and environmental factors. This essay will look at the issues centered around transport management in both MEDCs and LEDCs, the impacts they have had on the local areas and evaluate on how successful they have been in terms of sustainability. The management of transport has been attempted in many countries throughout the world. ...read more.

Middle

Opened in 1863, it spans 250 miles of tracks and stops at more than 270 stations on 11 different lines. There are 4000 carriages and the daily usage figures exceed 3 milion. This amount of infrastructure requires a lot of money and resources to run. For exmaple, the tube system uses over a 1,000 gigawatt hours of energy and only 17% of which is renewable, making it very unsustainable as costs will mount. There is also a bus service throughout the whole of London which boasts the iconic red buses which attracts a further 6 million people on 8000 buses. Tram services in London have ground to a halt in the last few decades as they are becoming more unsustainable, a service still remains in London city centre with 24 trams in operation spanning along 17 miles of track. To counteract the many socio-economic and environmental problems caused by these modes of transport, London has adopted many different sustainable transport plans, two of which include: congestion charges and Barclays bicycle hire. The aims of these two schemes were to reduce carbon dioxide emmisions, increase accessibility to public transport for everyone, increase sustainability whilst still meeting the demands of the people of London, creating frequent services between suburbs and the city of London, and to encourage the use of bicycles and walking. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, it seems sustainability in terms of transport can only be achieved if the local people are in the correct frame of mind, if they want to do something about the issues in their area, they will do so. In my opinion, and from reports and case studies, Curitiba has proven to be the most successful as it has incorporated everybody in the city into their transport schemes and ensured that they all have access to reliable, congestion-free, efficient and plentiful public transport. They have produced rates of outstanding reductions in congestion and fuel congestion rates in such a short space of time and these rates are highly comparable with those of most MEDCs and other westernised countries. It is unlikely that such schemes can be replicated across into other more developed countries as we are reliant on our own personal transport to get around and public transport is often deemed unreliable or too expensive. The only way we can change these issues is by targeting public transport directly using some of the schemes in this essay; this has been fairly unsuccessful however. The determination shown by the people of Curitiba has really set the bar for the level of sustainability that we should all aspire to achieve and they should be very proud to lead the way into the future of sustainable cities. ...read more.

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