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With references to either one river or one river flood event, examine the causes & consequences of flooding. 'River basin management schemes can reduce but not eliminate the risk of flooding' Elaborate and comment on this statement.

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Introduction

a) With references to either one river or one river flood event, examine the causes & consequences of flooding. b) 'River basin management schemes can reduce but not eliminate the risk of flooding' Elaborate and comment on this statement. A) A flood is a devastating natural hazard that severely affects the lives of people, each year all over the world floods will be ruining the lives of someone by causing damage to their houses or crops or by killing them. Around 5 million people, in 2 million properties, live in flood risk areas in England and Wales. An example of a river that floods quite often is the River Severn in the United Kingdom. The Severn is known for rising quickly. Being a long river there are many tributaries feeding in, helping to increase the amount of water in the Severn. On October 31, 1998, many towns and villages along the River Severn were badly flooded. ...read more.

Middle

Another physical factor that caused the floods is the actual physical features of the river and surrounding areas such as the flat and low-lying areas that are around the river. This meant that as the water went over the banks it just spread out across the land. The floods of 1998 caused major devastation to peoples lives. Many people in the areas where the floodwaters hit had to be rescued from their houses. They were trapped on the top floor of their houses as the ground flood was flooded with water from the Severn that was polluted. Elderly people were the worst affected. The floods led to at least twelve deaths. Farmers had to move their cattle and other animals to higher ground to keep them safe and thousands of homes were marooned by floodwater. Some people estimated the damage to be over �100 million pounds. Shrewsbury suffered it worst flood in over thirty years. ...read more.

Conclusion

The council also discourages new developments in the low-lying areas to even more reduce the risk of flooding. They also built a tunnel connecting Kielder water via the River Tyne is used to add excess water to the River Tees at times of low flow. In Yarm they spend �2.1 million on a defence system that included; reinforced concrete walls clad with stone as a boundary around Yarm. Flood gates to allow access by people and cars. Landscaped earth embankments to protect the local school. Also they used gabions to reduce the erosion along the embankments and used pipes to redirect floodwater. At the time they also improved the amenities and environment by improving the street lighting, flower beds, street furniture and fishing platforms. In the lower Tees they improved the flood warning systems and discouraged any new developments on undeveloped land. They also constructed the Tees Barrage to minimise the risk of both river and tidal flooding. To conclude the scheme set up in the river Tees was mainly to prevent flooding but had other reason aswell. Jonathan Williams River Extended Prose Question Flooding Page 1 of 4 ...read more.

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