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AS and A Level: Healthcare
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- Marked by Teachers essays 191
The abuser?s marriage may have been failing which means there are a lot of arguments. The abuser may feel confused and disorientated and doesn't understand what it going on. Emotional/ Psychological Abuse Emotional/ psychological abuse can happen to anyone. It can happen when the abuser makes comments that make sure their victim feels isolated and try to lower your self-esteem. It is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder.
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In this stage there is now a clear purpose and a good focus on the goal achievement. The team members are now competent and able to handle the decision-making process as a group. Morale is high and the general atmosphere will be positive. Team members are confident about the outcome, enjoy open communication, show high energy, and whereas disagreement is expected and is dealt with appropriately. Sometimes there is an additional stage called Adjourning, this is where the task is now completed, and there were recognition and good feelings associated with their achievements. In Argyles theory there are 6 stages, the first is the aim.
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It is also a lot less formal to talk face to face and it is much quicker than most types of communication such as writing. Talking face to face can help resolve conflict between people as if a text is sent, it can be taken the wrong way and cause bigger arguments. When talking, the responses are quicker which helps people with decision making which is also another advantage. Giving verbal encouragement is a great way to maintain energy in a team of people.
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Care values are a set of written rules, which explains how people working in a particular profession should behave.
In addition the care value seeks out to avert discrimination in all these areas. For example, an elderly service or employee would not be indirectly discriminated by the organisation by putting policies, rules or ways of doing things that have a negative impact on them. The organisation would make adjustments on the policies and rules in order to make it fair for the elderly person. This can be longer breaks or shorter working times. www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications/by-subject/health-and-social-care/? (accessed on 27/10/2015) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2587197/ (accessed on 27/10/2015) http://everydayfeminism.com/2014/09/equality-is-not-enough/ (accessed on 27/10/2015) Diversity does not simply refer to heritage and disability, but also gender, nationality and culture, sexual orientation and age.
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This might be because girls have drafted up an image of a perfect body; tall, skinny and athletic in their heads. If they don?t fit into the categories, they see themselves as a ?worthless? or ?ugly?. I had asked in my planning questionnaire; ?How important to you is your appearance?? The question was a closed-ended. Majority of the questions I had asked in my questionnaire was closed-ended because it would provide a quantity data that can be used as statistic.
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They would live in fear and hope that no one notices them. When their mind is consumed with their image, it can result on them not wanting to meet new people, holding themselves back and not working to their potential. This can affect their educational achievements or social circle. They may not be answering questions they know in a class discussion because of fear that they would stand out. Therefore, the teacher might see the student as underachieving and may give them easier work that is for the lower grade or moved to another classroom.
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Counteracting age would be beneficial because it would enable someone in the life stage of late adulthood be physically healthy because they can do exercise and do sports since they are counteracting age. Carolyn Robbins article on The Positive Effect of Health also shows the importance of diet. The article states that ?giving your body the correct fuel will give you more energy and an overall sense of well-being.? This links to what I mentioned about nutrients providing the fuel we need to perform physically, food provides energy.
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http://healthcarecomm.org/about-us/impact-of-communication-in-healthcare/ (accessed on 11/10/2015) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2637/ (accessed on 11/10/2015) http://ispub.com/IJRA/12/2/4895 (accessed on 11/10/2015) Height is a factor of positioning that is essential in communicating effectively because it can influence the conversation. With height, it is important that the care practitioner?s chair is at a level, which would enhance communication. If a health and social care practitioner?s chair is higher than the service user, this can make the service user feel inferior. The service user should feel at eased in order to share their concerns because if they feel uncomfortable they are more likely to restrain themselves.
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http://www.managementstudyguide.com/oral-communication.htm (accessed on 02/10/2015) http://www.columbia.edu/~rmk7/PDF/IESBS.pdf (accessed on 02/10/2015) https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/e58.pdf (accessed on 02/10/2015) Advantages of Oral Communication One advantage to oral communication is that it is very easy and simple and can provide feedback. This meaning that the conversation would be quick without unnecessary delays. For example, a psychologist or therapist can benefit from this advantage because often time is limited for them. There is also more flexibility in oral communication; different aspects can be discussed. If time is limited and there is an urgent matter that needs to be resolved; it may be best to have a face-to-face or telephone conversation.
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P1 Explain the principal social perspective P2 Explain different sociological approaches to health and ill health M1 Assess the biomedical and socio-medical models of health
According to Talcott Parson, society is based on value consensus where shared and common values and behavioural norms lead to a common culture. Consensus is an agreement in the society about the values, and have freedom, equality, justice and fairness. These values are acquired by passing down from generation to generation, through primary socialisation. These values benefit everybody equally, some the example of values that exist in our society are right for equality, justice and privacy. There are mechanism of social control in the society, like punishment and rewards.
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Using non-verbal language as well as verbal to have a better ability to communicate effectively with service users of different cultures. This promotes anti-discriminatory practice by welcoming and facilitating diversity. For example; an English speaking service user and a Polish speaking service user both have the same health problem. The Polish speaking service user shouldn?t have less access to healthcare than the English speaking service user just because of the language barrier, if it isn?t possible to communicate effectively with the Polish speaking service in order to understand his problem and provide the help he needs then steps need to be taken in order to not discriminate and lessen his equality of healthcare.
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However, leaning too far forward may be seen as placing a demand on the client, and they may feel intimidated. E: maintaining eye contact is another way of telling the person you are interested in them and you are with them, however eye contact is not the same as staring, so you must look away every so often so as not to stare. You must monitor the amount you look away though, as this could say something about your own level of comfort/discomfort.
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Communication is the exchange of information between people. This information may be the exchange of thoughts, feelings, messages etc. The way we transfer this information is by verbal communication, such as speech, special communication, such as sign language or picture boards, written communication, such as letters, computerised communication, such as emails or texts, or non-verbal communication, such as body language, facial expressions, hand gestures, eye contact. Effective Communication Communication is not just speaking however, it is also engaged listening and being able to understand the emotions of yourself and the person you are communicating with.
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However, if it is the other way around, then it can have negative effects on the residents of the residential home. This is because if the majority of the staff members are not following the correct procedures and doing it wrong when manual handling and the minority person knows the right procedures but cannot express their opinion to the majority of the staff members due to being afraid of being the only one who disagrees with their ways and conforming to the majority.
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This could be the reason why Ben has become addicted to drugs and alcohol. Ben was exposed to alcohol from an early age because his own mother was addicted to alcohol. Also Ben had become addicted to heroin due to his friends that he was socialising with and it also could be caused by peer pressure from his friends. The Humanistic explanation for the cause of addiction is that low self-esteem and confidence. Ben may have felt that he had to fit in with his peer group and because of his low self-esteem he could not refuse to the peer pressure.
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This will make the service user to associate alcohol with the aversion, therefore to help them to stop drinking alcohol because they had unpleasant experience. Operant conditioning is also used in health and social care and health visitors or health professional who gives parental advice may use principles of operant conditioning through reward and punishment. For example, super nanny use reward and punishment as way to help children behave in good and obedient way to their parents. (M, 2010, pp.
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In addition, by making eye contact with him, it made me come across more friendly. After doing this, he declined my offer due to him suffering from dementia. The reasons were that dementia affects the memory and thinking which made it difficult for Mr K to understand what I asked of him, leading to him feeling very uncomfortable and declining my offer. Therefore, I tried a different method of communicating with him, by summarizing all I had to say in short sentences.
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