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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    D1 Evaluate the roles of different psychological perspective in health and social care?

    3 star(s)

    The limbic system contains many brain structures such as the hypothalamus. It also looks at the nature vs. nurture debate that discusses why people are born with certain traits or if they are learned from their surroundings. Also, they look into family studies of fraternal and identical twins on behaviour. They also study that various structures in the brain can affect our behaviour, and also, damage to shares of the brain can severely affect our behaviour. In contrast, biological perspective is better than psychodynamic perspective because biological perspective has the important strength of usually being studied using strict scientific approach.

    • Word count: 712
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Explain six potential hazards that could be found in a health and social care setting

    3 star(s)

    Access to Medication (health) : If any medication is left outside the medication room/locker, this can be a hazard to any of the service users because they will be able to get unauthorized access to the medication and they will abuse the medication which may result in the service user harming themselves. To avoid this hazard, the any medication should always be locked up to reduce any risk of the service users harming themselves.

    • Word count: 476
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Effective communications P3

    3 star(s)

    Cultural differences and preferred spoken languages: If someone is from a different ethnic background to yourself they could possible prefer to speak in a different language than English or possibly are unable to speak or understand English. This can then make it difficult to communicate with someone unless an interpreter is available. Then other forms of communication have to be used such as pictures or objects. Verbal and non-verbal communication can be interpreted different between cultures, age and occupation. Words can be interpreted differently depending on the context and the culture of the person using them.

    • Word count: 774
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Factors that may influence communication and interpersonal interaction in health and social care setting

    3 star(s)

    Pictures and objects of reference - Painting, photographs, sculptures, architecture, and ornaments can communicate messages and emotion to people. People often take photographs or buy souvenirs to remind them of the happy experiences and emotions they have had. Communication passports - There are usually books that contain practical information about a person. The passport can help health and care workers to understand the personal and communication needs of a person with communication difficulties. Communication passport can also have photographs or drawings that may help care worker understand the person who owns the passport.

    • Word count: 921
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Factors Affecting Health

    3 star(s)

    Lifestyle Choices A lifestyle choice is the view that people are free to choose their way of life. For example, people may be free to choose a healthy diet, a healthy balance of rest and exercise and healthy habits such as only moderate drinking of alcohol and not smoking. Some of the choices that individuals make that affect their health and well-being is: Smoking There are not many smokers about who started smoking after the age of eighteen. In fact, the majority of smokers took up the habit in their early or mid teens. At such a young age, they don't really think about the health risks of smoking and they certainly do not realise how addictive smoking can be.

    • Word count: 800
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Describe The Behaviourist Perspective And Say How It Might Relate To Health And Social Care

    3 star(s)

    * Neo Behaviourism - This is a new development. The best known example is Social Learning Theory (Bandura). It was an attempt to reformulate learning theory to include a role for cognitive factors. The idea of this theory is that we learn through indirect rewards as well as direct rewards. Behaviourism has had an enormous influence through its behaviour rather than introspection, and its insistence on studying behaviour in controlled conditions. However this theory has been rejected by most psychologists. Behaviourists and social learning theorists are some of the examples of scientists and psychologists who come down strongly on the nurture side of the debate.

    • Word count: 965
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Health and safety in sport

    3 star(s)

    Sport plays a major part in the personal, social and physical development of young people. All young people should have the opportunity to develop those skills and be able to participate in sport and leisure activities in an environment free from discrimination an without risk to there personal health and safety. Gateshead stadium and St James Park are sports grounds and are under a another act the safety of sports act 1975 and also the Fire Safety and Safety of Places of Sport Act 1987 are concerned with addressing risks to spectators at sports grounds but not with the risks to participants, who are normally covered by the general requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.

    • Word count: 766
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Did the Medical Renaissance Improve Heath and Treatments?

    3 star(s)

    She also followed some of the work of Paracelus who attacked Galen's ideas about the four humours. She had many new ideas of her own, many that did improve health. She challenged Galen and tried new treatments. Many of which were based on herbs. She treated Jaundice, smallpox, fevers, skin diseases, cramp, melancholy and many other diseases. Richard Wiseman lived after Grace and was a surgeon who passed on his knowledge to younger surgeons. He read the works of Greek and Roman doctors. He reffered to Hippocrate's and Galen and followed some of their ideas.

    • Word count: 496
  9. Marked by a teacher

    How has public health improved in the 20th Century?

    3 star(s)

    Builders built houses back to back so that they could cut on expenditure and fit more people in. The only toilets for these houses were at the end of the row, meaning communal, imagine if someone in that row had a disease, then it would most probably be passed to the rest of the people living on that row. There were no gardens. This caused major ill health and in 1909 it was banned. This improved public health because it meant every house would have some open space either at the front or back of their house and they would not have to share bathing facilities, which improved sanitation.

    • Word count: 649
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 11 P6 Safeguarding Adults and Promoting Independence

    The adults communication needs should be accommodated for as some adults may not be able to - Under speech it may be difficult to understand - They might struggle to say words or sentences - They may not be able to understand words that are being used or the instructions they hear - They may have difficulties knowing how to talk and listen to others conversations So practitioners must cater to meet all their needs, learning new words encourages socializing and making friends.

    • Word count: 545
  11. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 4: Development Through the Life Stages

    such as chest muscles and lungs may reduce because they are not working properly this is because the body of the individual is becoming weaker Eminem would have a lack of confidence and also may have a decrease in his self esteem as he wouldn?t socialize much with others. Nervous System: Nerve cell may begin to transmit messages more slowly and the waste products can collect in the brain tissue, as nerves cells break down this would cause abnormal structures such as plaques and tangles to form.

    • Word count: 813
  12. Marked by a teacher

    Food Safety -unit 3 health and social care

    The act covers activities throughout the food distributions from primary production to retail and catering. The Act was given the government to make regulations on matter on detail and the food standards agency are responsible for preparing specific regulation under the act.. The Legislation of the act does not specify what form this food safety training should be taken but most conscientious companies recognise the food training is quality controlled by individuals and a companies feels prose with the training they have provided and certificated.

    • Word count: 442
  13. Marked by a teacher

    in an essay, fully describe the roles, responsibilities and the career pathways of three different health or social care workers

    Treat patients as individuals and respect their dignity 8. Treat patients politely and considerately 9. Respect patients? right to confidentiality 10. Work in partnership with patients 11. Listen to patients and respond to their concerns and preferences 12. Give patients the information they want or need in a way they can understand 13. Respect patients? right to reach decisions with you about their treatment and care 14. Support patients in caring for themselves to improve and maintain their health 15. Be honest and open and act with integrity 16. Act without delay if you have good reason to believe that you or a colleague may be putting patients at risk 17.

    • Word count: 709
  14. Marked by a teacher

    Children and the Common Assessment Framework.

    the lead professional support, which helps families and professionals work together better integrating all of the elements of the CAF process ensuring multi-agency working and information sharing, which improves understanding of need and service provision developing a better understanding of children and young people?s needs at the earliest possible stage.' One parent said 'I was glad that if there was a problem that I could go to her... she?s just so easy and she?s willing to give you all the information and help that you need...

    • Word count: 545
  15. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the influence of a recent national policy initiative promoting anti discrimination practice.

    The Mental Health Act (1983) is a significant statutory framework for anybody working within the mental health. The Mental Health Act of 1983 covers the detention of people deemed a risk to themselves or others. This provides a framework for decision making, by providing a logical format in which balances the law and legal values in order for a mental health worker to reach a decision of action. Mental health patient are the most discriminated in health care setting, this is due to the presentation.

    • Word count: 507
  16. Marked by a teacher

    Key influences on an individual's learning

    Informal learning is where the individual intentionally gets the information for themselves via such as textbooks, the internet, media, etc. Formal learning is impersonal; it is planned learning that derives from activities within a structured learning setting. This structured learning setting includes the hierarchically structured school system that runs from primary school through to university and specific training for a job. Another influence is sensory learning. There are four sensory learning styles: the first is kinaesthetic learning which is where the individual prefers to work and will work best when able to move and do things.

    • Word count: 670
  17. Marked by a teacher

    In this unit I will explain six potential hazards in a health and social care setting.

    The worn carpets could possible contain bacteria and children are always playing on the floor so they can easily catch them. But also it can cause hazards to the staff because it would be easy for them to trip over it and fall down on the children's. But also they may be caring something hot in their hands and that may fall on the children's and harm them. Either way children's are at risks. Slippery floor are also another big hazard that can cause harms, for example in a care home a slippery floor can cause a big damage on

    • Word count: 687
  18. Marked by a teacher

    The Principles Underpinning the Role of the Practitioner Working with Children

    The Data Protection Act 1998 protects individual rights and helps prevent information spreading. Respecting diversity of family structures, backgrounds, languages, culture and beliefs are also part of the practitioner's role. If other children discriminate a child it could affect the child in later life. The child could develop serious emotional and social problems. So it's important for practitioners to notice signs of discrimination. Working in part of a good working team enables a happy environment for the children and their parents. With a good relationship with parents children will settle in more quickly and helps the practitioner understand the child's needs.

    • Word count: 566
  19. Marked by a teacher

    How Culture Affects Health?

    The patient reclines, and the points on each hand are first sterilized with alcohol, and then thin, disposable needles are inserted to a depth of approximately 3-5 mm until a characteristic "twinge" is felt by the patient. The needles are retained for 15-20 minutes while the patient rests, and then are removed. According to the American Academy of Medical Acupuncture (2004), acupuncture may be considered as a complementary therapy for the conditions in the list below: * Anorexia * Arthritis/arthrosis * Constipation, diarrhea * Pelvic pain * Headache (migraine)

    • Word count: 855
  20. Marked by a teacher

    Explain factors that may influence communication and interpersonal interactions in health and social care environments.

    If not possible after ask the service user if they have understood. Find a room which has a perfect lighting suiting the service user's needs. Not too bright or not to dim, so the service user could communicate properly and feel comfortable. Use an appropriate setting layout, for example a meeting set the layout by getting appropriate chairs all the same level. Disabilities Physical Disability Intellectual Disability To overcome barriers of service users which have a physical disability.

    • Word count: 502
  21. Reflect on the influence of legislation on working practices within early years settings.

    There are many aims of the initiative but some can include; to develop on the way children learn, allowing the children to experience a new learning environment and to encourage children to develop social, emotional and physical well being. All of the aims coincide with government legislation as Forest Schools can contribute to four of the five outcomes that are part of the government framework, Every Child Matters. Be healthy - In a Forest School children are physically active a lot of the time, and their stamina improves as they go through their outdoor activities.

    • Word count: 807
  22. Assess how influences on dietary intake may affect the nutritional health of individuals.

    Secondly, people who are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes are also another reason for how their dietary intake may affect their nutritional health. Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body is unable to produce insulin. Without insulin, the body's ability to use glucose as a fuel source is impaired. In general people with type 1 diabetes have the same dietary as the general population. This is such as a varied diet with plenty fruit, vegetables, legumes, bread and cereals, moderate amounts of fish, meat poultry, eggs and dairy products and smaller amount of foods that are high in fat, sugar and alcohol.

    • Word count: 728
  23. Nutrition for Health & Social Care. Healthy eating in a day centre for the elderly.

    I was also able to see the kind of food that was made in the kitchen. The elderly were given tea, chocolate biscuits and a cake for lunch and for dinner they had their usual sausages with mashed potatoes, but with no vegetables. The elderly didn't get any water to drink during the day, only when it was tea break or dinner. From this I was able to see how the diet in that setting was not healthy for the elderly because as people grow older, water in the body decreases which in turn can cause elderly people to become very easily dehydrated.

    • Word count: 770
  24. Shrinking the Nursing Home. When you think of a nursing home, isolation, loneliness, and the non-homelike feeling comes to mind. However, at Green Hill Retirement Community, these things are far from existence.

    There is a living and dining area which includes a long dining table, shared by residents of Green Hill, in which meals are served. In an open faced kitchen, caregivers can interact with residents while meals are being prepared. "There are no corridors, no nursing stations, no medicine carts (each room has a locked cabinet containing the resident's medications) and no trays of food delivered to the rooms" (Tarkan, 2011). Each home is staffed with two nursing aides and one registered nurse to two or three houses, which allows more time with the residents and getting to know them.

    • Word count: 741
  25. Physiology in relation to energy metabolism.

    http://www.ebme.co.uk/arts/lightsources/ An example of light energy is the light the sun produces. Energy Laws Conservation of Energy The law of conservation of energy explains that energy cannot be created or destroyed therefore all energy is constant in a closed system. Although it also explains that energy can be converted, transformed and transferred.

    • Word count: 495

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