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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Identify the four main factors that can have an effect on the health needs of an individual and give three examples of each.

    - Cough & Colds - Bad breath - The colour of your nails changes (yellow) - Finger tips, your teeth and under you eyes starts to get darker - Heart also starts to pump harder to prevent harmful particles from entering your immune system. What are the long term effects? - Sleepless nights - Less sense of smell - Heart diseases - Stroke - Increased chance of lung cancer - Chest pains - Swelling neck and face - Weakness in times and Short breath Factor 3: Poor diet What are the short term effects?

    • Word count: 744
  2. Aids and its transmission in South Africa

    At the time, AIDS did not yet have a name but it quickly became obvious that all the homosexual men were suffering from a common syndrome. What is AIDS? AIDS meand Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, it is a desease that destroys a persons ability to fight other infections through their immune system . The immune system is the body's defence against diseases. Aids is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus usually called HIV. How do you get AIDS There are only three ways to get AIDS: * Unprotected sex * Contact between your blood and infected blood or bodily fluids * Mother to child transmission Unprotected sex This is the most common way that a person can get HIV/AIDS.

    • Word count: 629
  3. Confidentiality & The Data Protection Act

    We as practitioners, have to keep the child's information private by keeping information stored carefully and in confidence in a locked cupboard or on a password protected computer. Some data and information which is stored on a computer is personal and needs to be kept confidential, which is why the Data Protection Act supports confidentiality. If someone who is not entitled to see these details can obtain access without permission, it is an unauthorised access. The Data Protection Act sets up rules to prevent this from happening.

    • Word count: 724
  4. Bowlbys theory of attachment had a major influence on practice and has now been developed into the key person within settings. A key person was developed so that babies and young children can make the transition of their attachment from primary ca

    This theory provides a framework for understanding, predicting and changing human behaviour.' (http://www2.careers.govt.nz/educators-practitioners/career-practice/career-theory-models/banduras-theory/) 'The main beliefs of Bandura's theory are that: - People learn by observing others - The same set of stimuli may provoke different responses from different people, or from the same people at different times - The world and a person's behaviour are interlinked - Personality is an interaction between three factors: Environment, behaviour and a person's psychological processes. ' (http://www2.careers.govt.nz/educators-practitioners/career-practice/career-theory-models/banduras-theory/) Bowlby's theory of attachment had a major influence on practice and has now been developed into the key person within settings.

    • Word count: 876
  5. Explain the factors that may influence communication and interpersonal interactions in health and social care environments.

    Disability As the person with a disability would like to interact and communicate in a certain way, which they feel comfortable with. Content of communication Communicating with someone in a difficult complex or a sensitive situation as you may say something which would hurt them. (3) Emotional needs By the person feeling stressed and angry as they are suffering from depression or anxiety, also issues affecting their life. (4) Nature of communication The different types of communication such as spoken language, signs, symbols, written and electronic systems of communication.

    • Word count: 999
  6. Equal opportunites legislation in care settings

    The Act makes it an offense to incite or encourage racial hatred, (Nolan, 2008). The Act also addresses the issue of victimisation, and makes it illegal to treat someone unfavourably because they have made a complaint, or acted in support of another person`s complaint, about discrimination. The Race Relations Amendment Act 2000 builds on the Race Relations Act and requires public authorities to provide 'fair and accessible services and to improve opportunities in employment', (Fisher, 2006). The legislation helps to promote equal opportunities as it obligates care settings to actively promote equality, and makes it illegal to treat someone (whether they are a service user or member of staff)

    • Word count: 710
  7. How national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice

    A charter set out the rights and the responsibilities in an easy read accessible format. All health social care profession have a charter or a code of practice. All of codes of conducts and charters have the care base value as a starting point for content and the messages given. Organisational policies and procedures: Positive promotion of individual right There are a wide range of policies, guidelines and procedures put in place in different organisations to support equality, diversity and rights. Positive promotion of EDR can be seen on notice boards which displays the key policies and procedures.

    • Word count: 754
  8. Describe the application of psychodynamic perspectives in health and social care.

    One way these urges and impulses are released is through dreams. Freud believed that the unconscious expresses itself in a symbolic language. Freud categorised the aspects of the unconscious mind into the following three sections: * ID, a primitive part of the personality that pursues only pleasure and instant gratification. * Ego, part of the personality that is aware of reality and is in contact with the outside world. * Superego, part of the personality that controls thoughts and behaviour. Freud was particularly preoccupied with the sexual content of dreams. He believed that sex was the root cause of what occurs in dreams.

    • Word count: 605
  9. The benefits of Indian head massage.

    M2 - Referral History The family belief of massage in Indian goes back to the start of Hinduism and is still part of this year's culture. Indian's believe that massage preserves body energy and saves the organism from decay. They see it as the most powerful relaxation technique and also the most rejuvenating. Giving birth to a new born baby is the most memorial gift for Indians in India. They massage them everyday from birth until they are three years old as this is said to promote bonding with the child.

    • Word count: 937
  10. I will outline the procedures and practices that I need to follow when taking children on the outing chosen in task 1. I am going to detail about planning and preparation, accompanying children on outing and emergency arrangements.

    Any trips we arrange for the children and staff needs. Any trips we arrange for the children, we take the register and first aid kit Incase of emergencies. There should always be a qualified member of staff on any outing. Staff and children's ratios will always be met and if this is not possible the arranged trip will be cancelled. Illness and injuries policy The childcare promotes a healthy lifestyle and a high slandered of hygiene on its day to day work with children and adults. And if the child is not well the parents are asked not to bring the child into childcare room.

    • Word count: 993
  11. Human lifespan development - Identify the key aspects ph physical, intellectual emotional and social development of each life stage

    They turn to locate the source of sounds and forget about the objects they cannot see and they also explore things by putting them in their mouth. From seven month onwards they start to make sounds like 'mama and dada', they repeat actions that cause a response e.g. when they are given a rattle they will shake it and laugh, they respond to simple directions and they may speak their first understandable words by twelve months. Most one-year-olds would be able to name simple objects like shapes.

    • Word count: 930
  12. I am going to explain the communication barriers that I came across in the two interactions.

    As they became aware and could hear are communication section, this made me become embarrassed and not able to express my self properly in the way I would have wished too. The terminology I used in the interaction was observed as me having good use of this, but this may have become a barrier towards the other individual I was communicating with. The barrier could have been that the other individual may not have understood the terminology I was using and therefore become unable to communicate back properly.

    • Word count: 504
  13. Effective communication helps the health care professionals to gain the clients / service users trust and confidence.

    * Facial expressions This form of nonverbal communication, facial expressions are general. The face is very expressive; you are able to express numerous emotions without saying a word. The facial expressions for happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, fear, and disgust are the same across cultures. * Body movements and posture This type of nonverbal communication includes your posture, bearing, stance, and subtle movements. Your body posture and movements have an affect on the person you're speaking to by the way they sit, walk, stand up, or hold their head. If your body looks still and motionless, or relaxed while the person is talking to you there going to think your not really bothered about what they are saying.

    • Word count: 602
  14. Working with children with special needs - the models of disability

    (Disability Models, 2006) The medical model is rejected by organisations of disabled people, but it still pervades many attitudes towards disabled people. However the social model has been developed by disabled people in response to the medical model and the impact it has had on their lives.

    • Word count: 480
  15. Nutrition of a pregnant and non-pregnant women

    Whilst pregnant you should eat lean meats, fish, poultry, dairy products, grains, nuts and pulses in order to maintain a good level of protein in your diet. * Fibre: It is important to eat more fibre in your diet whilst pregnant. This is order to avoid piles, constipation and haemorrhoids. To increase the level of fibre in your diet you should eat more fruit and vegetables, wholemeal bread and brown rice. * Folic Acid: The RNI for folate in a normal women's diet is 200ug. For pregnant women this increases by 100ug.

    • Word count: 597
  16. Team work and working with parents and children in a social care setting.

    It can also make communication with each other in the room better and will be able to discuss all the matters in an appropriate manner. A1 Explain why practitioners should help children to be able to express their needs and feeling. It is a human right that people can express their feeling and it is therefore the same for children. They will be learning to express their feelings by play. The practitioner can help with this by interacting with the children, playing alongside with them, encourage them and talking about the child's feelings.

    • Word count: 555
  17. Health and safety. This assignment is about how legislation, roles and responsibilities affect people in the workplace, it is the people who are working in the environment to ensure that risks are kept to a minimum;

    Another employee responsibility that promotes health and safety in the work place is being responsible for data protection this is done though training and ensure that any information saved is safe and can't be accessed by people it's not supposed to be accessed by, this includes information of a computer and written by hand, any information that is not longer need and is kept on paper needs to be shredder, not torn and put into a bin as people can still access and get the information and this could put some in a difficult and risky situation, there are also server consequences for those who share information or don't dispose of it correctly.

    • Word count: 974
  18. Describe how key legislation in relation to health, safety and security influence health and social care delivery.

    There are four major offences in this act. - Making food dangerous to health deliberately or accidentally (adding things to food) - Selling food that does not complies with the food safety requirement being unfit for human consumption. - Selling food that is not of the nature or quality required by the consumer. - Falsely describing, labelling or advertising food and food products. * safety (general food hygiene) regulations 1995 This act ensures all food is handled correctly, the area where food is prepared must be clean, hands must be washed, hair should be covered, separate work areas should be used to prevent cross contamination of cooked and raw food.

    • Word count: 723
  19. Describe forms of abuse which may be experienced by adults (P1) Describe indicators that abuse may be happening to adults (P2)

    This includes, but is not limited to, being slapped, burned, cut, bruised or improperly physically restrained. The signs and symptoms which we can recognize physical abuse is series of unexplained falls or major injuries. Injuries and bruises at different stages of healing on adults' body such as having bruising in unusual sites e.g. inner arms, thighs. Seeing finger prints, abrasions on the. Susceptible adult has been injuries by the head or face deliberately several. When client very inactive, not talking or shy. Neglect is one of the most common abuses.

    • Word count: 495
  20. Working with children with Special Needs - relevant legislation

    Education provider must make reasonable adjustments to ensure that disabled people in education do not suffer a substantial disadvantage in comparison to those who are not disabled. These adjustments include things such as ramps, lifts, classroom arrangement and equipment, support, awareness and teaching adjustments like: course requirements, timetables, teaching and learning materials. According to Bruce and Meggitt (2007:215) "It is aimed to 'strengthen the right' of a disabled child to be educated in mainstream schools where appropriate, although there will still be a 'vital' role for special schools."

    • Word count: 572
  21. Young Adult Using a Counselling Service I am going to write a short report about a local counselling service called Brooke which supports young adults with sexual health issues.

    the councillor would give a young person who is sexually active different forms of contraception to choose from. Treated equally and not discriminated against This service is provided for all young individuals up to the age of 20 years old, anyone younger than 20 are welcomed to the clinic with any issues they may have. The booking in procedure is the same for all individuals and the same support and guidance is offered. This service is provided to help young adults therefore they are not discriminating against age, there just making it easier for young people to come forwards and seek help with any problems they have.

    • Word count: 952
  22. Being in a nursing home placement, there are many things that should be remembered and embraced. This is done through the care value base.

    and whether their condition has improved or worsened, then we as a carer have a duty of care not to discuss as this would be breaking the key point in the care value base, which is the right to confidentiality. Or the carer would have to be selective in what they say which could be interpreted the wrong way. Throughout my placement in the nursing home, there were more than one time that I actually was approached by a friends of the client who had asked whether their health had improved or not however, no matter how good intentioned they

    • Word count: 808
  23. Health care services and the Data protection Act 1998

    The booklet that is provided through out the hospital makes people aware the standards of service they should be provided with. The legislation and charter are extremely important because confidentiality is a priority rule that needs to be followed. There are a number of medical tests taken everyday in hospitals, so new information is found out constantly. Other personal information about patients is kept on the hospital data systems such as e.g. address, telephone number, illnesses, medication etc. If information like this is given to any other person with out the patient's permission, who ever breach's the code of conduct would be automatically dismissed from their job.

    • Word count: 654
  24. Safe Principles If lifting cannot be avoided or mechanized then safe principles must be used. These reduce the chance of injury by using skilled, safe lifting techniques.

    Safe principles allow you to use strong muscles of the legs and reduce the risk of damage and injury. Below are shown a number of safe principles for correctly lifting objects for a care worker: * Should assess the situation before moving the service user as these decreases the risks to both the care worker and the service user. * They should use equipment to move and handle because this reduces the number of injuries and complies with the law.

    • Word count: 993
  25. Legislation within a care home. This assignment will explain how national initiatives have been amalgamated into the Equality and Diversity policy of Cambridge House in order to promote anti discriminatory practice within the workplace.

    The sex discrimination act (1975) promoting the equal opportunity between men and women ensuring that women and men are treated fairly when it comes to recruitment, promotion, training and level of pay (equal pay act 1970), this act also covers harassment. Disability discrimination act (1995) thus promoting disability equality to all with disabilities i.e.; access to all, whether this being a wheelchair user, blind or deaf service users promoting the freedom to access to institutions and promoting mobility.

    • Word count: 624

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