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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Describe the contribution of psychological perspectives to the promotion of good practice in residential care services.

    So by this they will practice good and quality care. Roles are present in every individual's life, as they all play different roles. These roles are more of expectations and norms which are normally associated with a social situation, occupation or role of life. Every individual plays more that one role sin their life for e.g. an individual may play a role of a wife, mother, daughter sister friend etc. These numbers vary depending on the individual and their time of life.

    • Word count: 2133
  2. Different Forms of Communication and the Communication Cycle.

    When using this type of communication, eye contact is a very important part to making one on one communication effective. Eye contact helps keep the persons attention. Height in communication can also be a barrier in communication. If a staff member who is standing communicates to a patient sitting in a chair using one on one communication, the patient may feel the staff member is talking down to them, or feel intimidated. Keeping eye level with the person you are communicating with helps to create effective communication.

    • Word count: 2178
  3. Global issues in Pharmaceutical marketing

    Thanks to the developed countries, support from the developing countries and the major rationale - CONSUMERS. GLOBAL MARKETING: The Oxford University Press defines global marketing as "marketing on a worldwide scale reconciling or taking commercial advantage of global operational differences, similarities and opportunities in order to meet global objectives." When a company wishes to launch it's product at an international level then a company gets into what is called global marketing of its product. The method of marketing, strategies, purpose and the class at which the product is aimed can either be same as the home country or depending on the country of market it may vary largely.

    • Word count: 2402
  4. GSK case study

    in five African countries to evaluate the impact ofoffering a more extensive range of medicines at preferential prices; � work on a case-by-case basis with middle income developing countries through the AAI and unilaterally to make treatment more affordable; � continue established discounting arrangements for vaccine supply � work with genuine partners on other ways of making medicine more affordable for developing countries. Progress They have concluded some 95 arrangements covering 31 countries for the supply of preferentially priced ARVs.

    • Word count: 2327
  5. Health Psychology - theories of pain, pain assessment and pain management.

    The healing process begins as soon as the warning message is acknowledged. Fibromyalgia causes chronic pain, the condition has no cure so therefore can not be healed; pain killers relieve the sufferer for a few hours but does not eradicate the pain fully, so it can be said that chronic pain has no use as far as sending a 'warning' message to the person. Theories of pain There are different theories surrounding pain the specificity theory is a traditional approach which argues that there is a pain centre within the brain that receives messages from a special system of nerves from pain receptors that are in the skin.

    • Word count: 2115
  6. Job Roles

    The skills which are more than necessary for primary teachers are excellent time management skills as well as stamina and enthusiasm. Primary school teachers have to be dedicated to their jobs as they need to show a high level of commitment and genuine appreciation for to be working with young children between the ages five and seven. According to prospects 2009 other skills include leadership and supervisory skills along with team working abilities. Key stage 1 Primary School Teachers must be a good judgment and with an analytical mind.

    • Word count: 2155
  7. Working with children and parents - legal framework, plannin, supporting and communicating.

    The role of the parents in education was seen as crucial to the children's progress. Children's Act 1989 The Children's Act has been a well received piece of legislation. It is still current and many practices such as the compilation of a register of children in need. It is sought to protect all children. The Act is wide ranging and covers issues such as child protection, registration of childcare settings and parental responsibility. Code of practice 1994 The code of practice was issued in 1994 offering guidance to local education authorities, as well as governing bodies of all schools.

    • Word count: 2136
  8. HSc24 Ensure your own actions support the care, protection and well being of individuals

    As of me I always prefer to tell my clients by their preferred name, asking for their choice in cloth, food and shopping as well. HSc24 Pc a 1/2/3/4//5 HSC24 pc C 3 KS 2/3/5/6/7/8/14 To be treated as an individual 1.I treat and value each person as an individual and ensure that the support I give takes account of the their needs and preferences 2.. I work with individuals and key people in ways that provide support that is consistent with individuals' beliefs, culture, values and preferences 4.

    • Word count: 2242
  9. In this section Im going to give a comprehensive account of ways that service users in Queensland can be supported to exercise their rights

    Also another way service user's can be heard is by filling out questionnaires, for example when I went to visit my Nan in hospital they asked me to fill in a questionnaire for her due to the fact she was unable to fill it in. in the questionnaire they asked if she was happy with the service and if not why. However my Nan wasn't happy due to the fact they hardly paid any attention towards her and her meals were always late.

    • Word count: 2047
  10. Sectors. The two job roles which I have chosen to evaluate are Childrens nurses and Primary School Teachers. Both these job roles are within the Statutory Sector which is funded by the government.

    Public sectors are also known as the Statutory Sector. The Statutory Sector tends to play a huge role in the economy of England; they are run and funded by the local authority and the local government. According to Smithson the funding for the statutory sector comes directly from the local authority and the government in various forms of taxation which includes income tax, council tax which is paid by the business rates and the house holders and National Insurance. However these sources of income are paid to the local authority that may also make more profit by charging for the services for which they provide.

    • Word count: 2021
  11. Child Development from Conception to Age 16 Years - development in the same areas across different ages. How to maintain confidentiality in observations.

    E2 Choose a different age range and describe how the children usually develop in this age range in the same TWO chosen areas of development as in E1. During the age seven to eleven which is also known as the Concrete Operational Stage , the thought process becomes more rational, mature and 'adult like', or more 'operational', although this process most often continues well into the teenage years. Piaget claims that before the beginning of this stage, children's ideas about different objects, are formed and dominated by the appearance of the object.

    • Word count: 2085
  12. Identify the strategies and methods of supporting children, young people and their families where abuse is suspected or confirmed.

    The support given for short term and long term I will split in two categories: ? support: Person centred approach: The child or young person is at the centre and they need to be empowered and supported in order to take control of their lives, this is very important and must be remembered. Developing strategies that aid them to stay away from risky situations should be encouraged. Help must be provided to them to be strong enough to seek help, support and guidance that are appropriate just in case they find their selves in situations that are adverse.

    • Word count: 2396
  13. Using examples from work experiences, describe how policies and procedures promote health, safety and security in the workplace.My work placement is in a primary school which caters for children aged from three to eleven years old, including the pre-schoo

    I will ask permission before entering any website, unless my teacher has already approved that site... The messages I send will be polite and sensible... If I see anything I am unhappy with or I receive messages I do not like, I will tell a teacher immediately... I understand that if I deliberately break these rules, I could be stopped from using the internet or computers'' The above quote was taken from the 'Email and internet use good practice- Rules for ICT users' letter which the school provided parents with and requested that both pupils and parents signed and returned the letter to the school.

    • Word count: 2142
  14. ADHD effective communication talk

    However, if I can teach you to understand and see from their point of view, when you go back not only can you put into practice what I told you today, but also you can develop it, improve your relationship with these children and their education. So I want you to imagine you're at a concert. There's screaming and the music is really loud. Now try and imagine having an in-depth conversation with the person next to you. It's near impossible, there are too many distractions, and you can't think properly or concentrate.

    • Word count: 2001
  15. Drawing on examples from your placement and from other life experiences, describe the different concepts of ill health:Disability Iatrogenesis The sick role The clinical iceberg

    Iatrogenesis Iatrogenesis is defined as 'doctor generated'. This term refers to sickness which is produced by medical activity, this was introduced by Ivan Illich. He recognizes three major types of iatrogenesis. Clinical iatrogenesis is the term used to describe ill-health that is contracted in a hospital. This iatrogenesis consists of unwanted side-effects of medications and doctor ignorance, neglect, or malpractice that can poison or kill the patient. Social iatrogenesis is the process where people place themselves in the hands of professionals to become mass consumers of medical products.

    • Word count: 2540
  16. Identify how five specific communication needs of service users may be assisted, including non-verbal communication.

    * Hearing aid The hearing aid is a small electronic device that a hearing impaired individual wear in or behind his or her ear. Its job is to make some sounds louder than they really are so that the individual can communicate and participate in 'normal' daily activities. The hearing aid can help the deaf person hear more in both quiet and noisy environments. These are useful in improving the hearing and speech comprehension of hearing impairment individual. The hearing aid is essential in order for hearing impaired to communicate because the individual has to hear in a verbal communication in order to respond back.

    • Word count: 2811
  17. Promoting a healthy environment for children. The role of the practitioner in working towards a healthy lifestyle and environment for children The legislation which supports the right of children to a healthy lifestyle Factors which may affect children

    By making sure that the child has the right amount of foods it is essential for their growth and well-being because if they were having too much fat and sugars in their diet for an example, there could be an increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes later on in life. Obesity is the state of being seriously overweight (Appendix 3.1). It is caused by two simple factors which are: * An unhealthy diet * Not doing enough exercise to burn off calories consumed (Appendix 3.2)

    • Word count: 2191
  18. The Stages of a Counselling Relationship. The initial contract between a person centred counsellor and their client is a start point for a working relationship a relationship between 2 people.

    If the client does launch into their story straight away, it may well be better to go with the flow and stop say 15 to 20 minutes before the end of the session To explain "We have about 15 minutes left and there are some things we need to discuss before we finish today." It is often useful to give your client an information sheet, as even a client who seems to be engaging with the business of contracting may not fully take in all the details been discussed, so enabling them time to read and digest the said information, and be able to ask the counsellor any questions they may have.

    • Word count: 2280
  19. Mental health. Signs and symptoms of depression. How might counselling help someone with Depression?

    Signs and symptoms of depression The following are the most common symptoms of depression. * Tiredness and loss of energy * Sadness * Loss of self-confidence * Difficulty concentrating * Feeling anxious * Avoiding other people * Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness * Sleeping problems * feelings of guilt or worthlessness * hard to function at work/college/school * Loss of appetite * Loss of sex drive * Physical symptoms * Suicidal feelings * Self-harm Impacts of Depression: * Causes tremendous emotional pain * Disrupts the lives of millions of people * Adversely affects the lives of families and friends * Reduces work productivity and absenteeism * Has a significant negative impact on the economy,

    • Word count: 2252
  20. The physical and mental changes of different life stages.

    * The most dramatic developmental event in adulthood is often becoming a parent. 65+ * Looking back at life. * Time of dependency and vulnerability depending on health. * Hair loss * After 60, some adults showed declines in logic, math, memory and spatial tasks. * The decline was typically caused by lack of practice and could be minimized by mental exercise. M1 Childhood Childhood is the term used to describe the stage between ages three or four and nine.

    • Word count: 2196
  21. public health

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  22. The Communication Cycle

    During my work placement, I was asked to participate in a one to one interaction promoting effective communication. I helped a five year old child create a poster of things they may see or hear at night time. During this interaction, I took the child to the quiet area, made us both comfortable, I then presented myself in a friendly manner. I ensured I was relaxed and positive in nature adopting a smile, happy approach to ensure a good relationship, the child then started to relax began to respond to questions I asked, "So tell me what sort of things you might see, or hear at night time?".

    • Word count: 2833
  23. Sociological Explanations For Inequalities in Health

    The Black Report, introduced in 1980, followed by The Acheson Report, introduced in 1998 both considered the reasons for the difference of influential modern studies. They provide in-depth information of the relationships between social and environmental factors and health, illness and life expectancy. "The Black Report considered four types of explanation that might account for the differences in levels of illness and life expectancy experienced by different social classes". (Stretch, B, 2007, Pg361). One such factor is the level of income that families have which ultimately dictated their lifestyle and the houses they live in.

    • Word count: 2773
  24. Free essay

    Theories of ageing p5

    Growth and development uses a lot of energy, and this may be why teenagers often seem to need so much sleep. Their getting-up late may be irritating, but it may well not be just laziness. They make close relationships outside the family, with friends of their own age. Relationships within the family also change. Parents become less important in their children's eyes as their life outside the family develops. These friendships are part of learning how to get on with other people and gaining a sense of identity that is distinct from that of the family.

    • Word count: 2678
  25. Theories of ageing p4 m2

    For one thing, it gives the elderly a new role. Old age removed the capacity to fulfil those roles and facilitated disengagement. In industrialized nations, the disengagement theory also ensures a viable labour force as older people whose job skills degrade will fully remove them from the workplace. Finally, full disengagement then frees a person to die. Socialization in old age is known to have positive health benefits which can lead to social withdrawal. Modernized long-term care facilities are designed and managed to foster interaction and activity among the residents. The link between old age and depression also highlights the importance of the elderly community maintaining contact with other people.

    • Word count: 2776

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