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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Describe the structure of the main tissues of the body and their role in the functioning of two named body organs

    If you don not think about your idea at this stage, it might not be understood by people. The second stage is the message coded; at this stage you know what you want to say and you are now thinking about how you are going to get your message across. It is then that you put your thoughts into a code (e.g. sign language) or into a language. The third stage is when the message is sent and at this point you are sending your message by either writing, speaking or using sign language or using some other method.

    • Word count: 2174
  2. Promoting Health and Well-being

    * To increase self confidence and self esteem to deal with social situations * To have fun Binge drinking is also drinking with the intention of getting drunk, drinking as much as possible in a short pace of time and also to the point in which you lose control. Binge drinking is caused by the decrease of alcohol prices so people are able to afford more. Also most people today have an increased disposable income to which they are able to spend anywhere, and most people feel spending it on drink it beneficiary.

    • Word count: 2084
  3. Effective Communication

    Fear, anger, happiness, sadness and surprise can be conveyed through various parts of the face. For example, anger can be interpreted through raised eyebrows, wide open eyes and an open mouth. Gestures - Gestures are hand and arm movements and they can be used to indicate how a person is feeling, to emphasise part of a conversation or to communicate to someone that is out of earshot. For example, raising your thumb tells the receiver that you are fine. Body Posture - The way in which an individual sits, stands or lies can send a variety of messages.

    • Word count: 2995
  4. Free essay

    Risk Essesment

    Also some parts of the fence were dragged into the centre of the play area where kids are running about and can cut themselves or brake bones. The slide is very old and rotten, while playing on it kids can cut themselves. The swing is broken, the metal chain which was fouling it has fallen can cause broken bone or at least bruises if kids will start to play with it. I found crashed glass in the sand pit which is extremely dangerous because children can get cuts and parts of glass can get into the skin causing a visit

    • Word count: 2212
  5. Older people

    It is still possible. However, efforts must be put in when getting to know older people better. Having worked for several years in the social service sector, I will like to share some of my thoughts with you in this area. The suggestions below can also be adopted by mature readers of this article. Throughout my interactions with older people, I have realised that they take to people who are very respectful towards them. While most of us are respectful towards older people, it will be advisable to show a higher degree of respect towards older people.

    • Word count: 2168
  6. Forms off abuse

    It also includes giving vulnerable adult harmful substances, such as drugs, alcohol or poison. If a parent or carer reports non-existent symptoms of illness in an adult, or deliberately causes illness in an adult, this is also a form of physical abuse." (NSPCC, 2009) Physical abuse among vulnerable adults and the elderly can be very traumatising for individuals. There are different ways physical abuse can take place; this consists of rough handling, force feeding, slapping forcing or the misuse of medication. A service user can witness physical abuse by the staff in a care home.

    • Word count: 2077
  7. Analyse and interpret the pro-life and pro-choice perspective on abortion. Judging from the evidence gained, which is the more reliable perspective?

    of intervention maybe that the woman's life and her health are in danger, but the mental and emotional situations are also taken into consideration, which are closely linked with other factors, such as social background and financial aspects, are all motives that may lead to an abortion being endorsed (Lee, 2000). The second condition in the legal acceptance of an intervention, is the agreement of two separate medical practitioners, stating that the act is necessary because the physical health of the pregnant woman or the physical and mental well-being of the zygote-embryo-foetus being born are in some form of risk (Jenkins, 2002).

    • Word count: 2179
  8. stress and its effects on the body

    The sympathetic branch activates the glands and organs that defend the body against attack, when faced with a stressor the body releases more adrenaline and cortisol into the bloodstream drawing blood away from the stomach and extremities of the body and dilating the pupils of the eyes which initiates a 'fight' or 'flight' reaction, this prepares the body to deal with the stressor before returning to normal. When stress occurs regularly the body maintains this state instead of returning to normal causing permanent high blood pressure and blood sugar levels, slower digestion and increased muscle tension.

    • Word count: 2000
  9. P4: Identify the relevant legislation, regulations and codes of practice linked to health and safety for each creative/therapeutic activity

    * Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 * Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) * Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) 2002 * First Aid * Infection Control Here are the activities * Hand massage * Memory and senses Memory and senses Health and Safety at Work Act 1974: Is the main law that provides guidelines in order to maintain the health and safety for everyone in the workplaces including visitors, as it applied to both employer and employee that are in duties. While doing this activity with the elderly people, I make sure that I remove all unused equipment around them which is related to the health and safety at work

    • Word count: 2339
  10. National sratergies

    vaccine against cervical cancer. This is a sexually transmitted virus that causes 99 percent of invasive cervical cancer. HPV vaccine protects against the viruses that cause about 70 percent of instances of cervical cancer. Prevention against HIV and Aids HIV can be transmitted in three main ways: * Sexual transmission * Transmission through blood * Mother-to-child transmission The NHS services play a big role to help prevent this disease but the individuals themselves have to help protect themselves also to prevent getting the disease. For example if and individual wants to have sex with someone who is infected with HIV, having sex with the person who is infected will cause the other person to get infected with HIV as well.

    • Word count: 2746
  11. Human growth and development from conception to birth

    A fetal heart rate can be heard at 10 weeks with a special Doppler instrument. By 12 weeks the fetus develops a recognisable form, the arms, hands, fingers, legs, feet and toes are fully formed and nails start to develop and earlobes are formed, although the eyes aren't fully developed yet. Page 2 of 15 Second trimester 4th month - 16 weeks At the end of 4 months the fetus is about 6 1/2 to 7 inches long and weighs about 6 to 7 oz. The second trimester is when the baby becomes more recognisably human, its neck uncurls, eyes are closer together and arms,legs, fingernails and toenails are well developed.

    • Word count: 2449
  12. Personal and Professional Development

    I have started to really enjoy this course and I have learnt a lot of interesting and useful information. The topics I have studied so far are communications, the various life stages and caring for children. I have studied these topics in depth and I now have more knowledge regarding the types of jobs I can go into and the skills I require for work. I have gained personal knowledge regarding myself and my preferred learning styles, and how to communicate effectively with people. This is not only useful for this course but in many courses that involve socializing.

    • Word count: 2606
  13. Review and analyse the local health improvement technologies and the population groups targeted by the campaign

    This is a serious concern as incidents of mental illness in children and young adults are on the rise. 'Studies show that at least one in five children and adolescents have a mental health disorder. At least one in 10 have a serious emotional disturbance.' (www.nlm.nih.gov) It has been stated that there is a lack of mental health education in secondary schools compared with that of drugs and alcohol education. '10% of students in every school are currently battling with clinically defined mental health difficulties and yet Ofsted have reported that most secondary schools are failing these students.' (www.teachingexpertise.com).

    • Word count: 2221
  14. This assessment is about health and safety in the environment. For the P5 criteria there is a survey on a local playing area that has several uses. There is also a timescale for repairs

    However should the conditions have been different such as snow or rain then it would be a very different picture. The Health and Safety Legislation cover all of the risks and should therefore be dealt with in accordance. It is the local council who are responsible for the repair and maintenance but when I contacted them to voice my concerns I did not receive a response from them. There is a cricket pitch, football pitch, bowls green, play area, picnic area and a fishing lake.

    • Word count: 2790
  15. Health And Social Care Coursework

    Barriers can block understanding and can change the meaning of a message that is being put across. I will insure the chairs in the room are at the same height so the client does not feel empowered if the student's chair is at a higher level. Empowerment enables the client to make choices and take control of their own situation. I would like to have comfortable chairs, this should make the client to concentrate on the interaction then get distracted by the chairs they are sitting on by moving around or moving around in the chair. These can all be signs of agitation or a nervous reaction.

    • Word count: 2902
  16. Child abuse and the risk of abuse.

    If you are within a stable family, you would think that nothing is capable of going wrong. Although you are in a family that does not have stress and other things going on, anything can happen! Things such as a family member becoming ill can cause a stable family to become insecure. This may cause the family to begin to break and a parent to become angry and stressed, when people are stressed they tend to take their anger out on a younger person.

    • Word count: 2070
  17. Acute Necrotising Ulcerative Gingivitis

    However, with the increasing incidence of severe immunodeficiency conditions such as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) the lesion has once more, become a well recognized and often encountered clinical entity in developed countries. In developing countries, the condition remains a commonly diagnosed clinical lesion because of the persistently poor nutritional status. ANUG will not kill an individual and is not contagious, however, the condition if allowed to progress can, particularly in less developed countries, lead to teeth loss and become so painful that the individual may become extremely malnourished which may cause subsequent organ failure and death.

    • Word count: 2383
  18. In this assignment I am going to explain how legislation, policies and procedures are used to promote the health, safety and security of individuals in the health and social care workplace

    The procedure also gives a set of instructions so individuals know what to do. For example it a small outbreak of fire was to occur, it may be able to be tackled with a fire extinguisher. Within my placement they often do role play especially when stimulating the fire drill, this enables the children to remember and have an idea of what they should do if the fire alarm was to go off. This is very effective when promoting this policy as children are taught within their learning time and it prepares them for a fire drill.

    • Word count: 2099
  19. life stages

    grasp reflex which is when the baby is able to grasp to a finger placed in their palm and the walking reflex which is when a baby moves their legs and arms as if they were trying to walk. They have the ability to recognise and interact with people from their voices especially the mothers. But they can't control their muscles or hold their heads upright or use their hands. Between 0-1 months they are able to lift their heads slightly, by 9 months they are able to roll over, by 9-10 months they are able to crawl and by 12 months they can stand alone.

    • Word count: 2059
  20. Describe the structure and development of bones and the skeleton and the factors that influence it.

    The development of bones continues throughout adulthood. It continues to develop for repair of fractures and the remodeling to meet the changes in lifestyle. Bone is made by cells called Osteoblast which is responsible for bone formation and Osteoclast which breaks down and reabsorbs bone. Lengthening of bones and Closure of the epiphyses Bones grow in length at the epiphyseal plate which is responsible for the lengthening of the diathesis, by a process which is similar to endochondral ossification. This continues throughout childhood and into adolescent years until the cartilage growth slows and finally stops.

    • Word count: 2242
  21. Motivation. The content of this essay will show my understanding on Motivation covering different aspect on this subject; however, due to Motivation being a wide subject and the limitation of words, the essay will touch some aspects and theories of this t

    For example, when hunger appears it is difficult not to want to eat as happens when individuals are hot and thirsty, the wanting of fresh air and a cold drink is imperative. (Fredrickson, B. et al 2003) This is a biological theory, called Drive theory, brought by Roth which states that biological needs of the body pushes individuals towards a goal. It can also be known as homeostatic motive. (Lecture notes, 16th October 2006) A drive is an internal motivational state, emphasizing the role of internal factors in motivation.

    • Word count: 2146
  22. Prevention of disease

    Individuals can increase their knowledge of certain diseases through information booklets available from local medical practices; this local strategy will make people more aware an able to prevent disease earlier. Well- woman and well-men clinics are also available for regular/general check ups meaning that blood samples taken can be used as an early diagnosis of any other disease that could be present. Choices individuals make about how they live has effect on their health. National and local strategies educate and persuade individuals into making healthy choices.

    • Word count: 2632
  23. For this assignment I needed to attend a care setting where I observed the communications between myself and the children. I also carried out a one to one interaction and a group interaction.

    However the one to one interaction just involved an individual which meant it differed from the group interaction. The setting which I attended was an early year setting, a reception, where children aged 4-5 attended. There were about 5 members of staff at the reception department. There were many different types of communications that I used during my interactions. The main skills I used were verbal and non-verbal communication skills. (Approximately 93% of the population all over the world use non-verbal communication whereas only 7% of the population use verbal communication). Verbal communication involves both speaking and listening whereas non-verbal communication involves our body language.

    • Word count: 2122
  24. Acitivy and Disengagement Theories

    Another conclusion they came to was that their findings are universal, normal and natural. They said it was the "right way" to age. In 1975 the theory was reformed, and three parts were offered in addition. Which are: * Shrinkage of the life space -the number of roles occupied and number of people we interact with, decrease as we age. * Increased individuality - Roles and relationships that were governed by strict rules/expectations decreases and become less intense. * Active acceptance of these changes. (Honchschild, `1975, 1976) said that although the Disengagement theory may reflect many older people, it was not true for all.

    • Word count: 2453
  25. Massage Case Study 1

    her neck, back and shoulders, she also wants a massage for relaxation purposes as she has a stressful job, all of which I discovered from the consultation process. Her areas of tension could be causing her discomfort in the case of stress, recent illness or a strain from physical activity, causing the muscles to become damaged or tender. I explained to her how the use of particular body massage techniques can have a sedating effect on the mind, body and soul and a single treatment could make an improvement on her areas of tension that are leaving her uncomfortable.

    • Word count: 2090

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