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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Describe different types of communication and interpersonal interaction and the factors which may influence them with particular reference to health and social care settings P1 & P3.

    People starting a conversation with 'Good morning' or 'Hi', we must show that we are relaxed and friendly. Any conversation has a beginning, middle and the end. When it is time to ending the conversation it is important to end it by saying something like 'See you soon'. Groups When the group's members are involved the group conversation works. It is very important that the group has the right emotional atmosphere because sometimes people stay quiet or speak very quiet because they worry about the reaction of others but sometimes people feel threatened if they have to speak.

    • Word count: 2215
  2. Describe (P4) the role of energy in the body and explain (M1) the physiology of three named body system in relation to energy metabolism.

    Heat, light, sound, electrical and nuclear are other forms of energy. Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can be transformed from one from into another. Our energy comes from the food what we eat. If we do not eat proper meals, we could easily get sick and starting to have all sorts of diseases. Most of the humans are meat eaters but some vegetarians. Everybody have different types of body systems but our body works the same. Meals that we eat are important for nutrients of our body metabolism, vitamins and energy.

    • Word count: 2367
  3. Diabetes and Insulin.

    Insulin takes the glucose from the blood into the cells. When glucose levels increase in blood instead of going into cells, two problems can occur: cells could be starved for energy; and over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt a person's eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart (American Diabetes Association). Type 1 Type 2 Definitions An autoimmune disease that occurs when T cells attack and decimate the beta cells in the pancreas that are needed to produce insulin, so that the pancreas makes too little insulin (or no insulin).

    • Word count: 2721
  4. Conditions of employment for a Radiographer.

    Band 5 the annual salary starts from point 17 of �20,225 and ends with point 25 of �26,123. Right opposite is a screen shot of the job advert from appendix 2. I've circled salary and pay band which shows the pay band the person would be in and in this case it is pay band 6 starting from �24,103. The calculation starts from point 23 which is part of band 5. (Shown on the left hand side) The sixth pay band starts from point 23 which goes all the way to point 31 and consists of 8 points.

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  5. Unit 1 coursework: Health, Social Care & Early Years Provisions.

    People often call them 'casualty' departments. A&E departments are open 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year and are often signposted from major roads. Walk-in centres - Walk-in centres are very similar to GPs but there is no need to book an appointment. They offer a lot of advice and help for general problems. All walk-in centres are similar but there are obviously slight differences. Most centres will provide: * advice on local GP and pharmacy services, * blood pressure checks, * contraceptive advice, * coughs, colds and flu-like symptoms, * dressing care, * emergency contraception, * hayfever,

    • Word count: 2473
  6. Communication in health care settings

    Communicating helps us find out information, this can be even how another person feels and their thoughts. It is vital in all care settings, service users and care workers must talk to each other and communicate to help each other out. We communicate to get a response and to feel valued. We need to communicate to get our opinions out. Communication is important to build trust and relationships between each other. It makes us feel safe. We need to communicate to understand each others needs. Communication is also needed to assure people and make them feel better.

    • Word count: 2233
  7. How the communication needs of service users may be assisted.

    Translators don't just translate spoken languages they also can translate from spoken to English to say Sign language. When one language is changed to another the case is often that the translator cannot just translate word for word as different languages use different sentence structures so the translator also has to consider this when communicating the message. The services of translators is mostly needed in places where English is not the first spoken language. A translator would especially be important to have if an English speaker was on holiday in another country where English was not the first language and

    • Word count: 2422
  8. Welfare State - Healthcare Provisions

    The National Health Service signalled a revolution in healthcare provision. People were able to access medical assistance as a basic right rather than by the previous criteria of affordability. The establishment of antibiotics, the development of anaesthetics and increased surgical expertise all contributed to much more effective treatment of previously serious conditions. Those in poverty in the mid to late nineteenth century were regarded as being the architects of their own misfortune. They were considered lacking in morals and possessing a lack of Christian discipline, leading to drinking, gambling and promiscuity (Horner, 2007).

    • Word count: 2438

    It will help you to realise if you are a controlling person and if you are how you do go about changing it to make the patient feel more secure. It helps care workers to think things trough more clearly and quickly, and it enhances there empathetic skills and helps care workers to feel more confident in these kind of situations. In various different situations you cannot take the problem solving approach you have to take the control approach. For example if a patient was constantly asking you for a glass of water or a cup of tea when they

    • Word count: 2195
  10. Sociological Perspectives

    a safe environment in which they can grow up, we are responsible for teaching them right from wrong and are responsible for teaching them what behaviour is acceptable. These social roles also have ways of dealing with deviant behaviour (people in our society who do not conform to the guidelines or rules). In the education system there are ways in which schools deal with deviance for example, exclusion or after school detention, these are used as a way of discouraging unacceptable behaviour.

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  11. developing effective communication

    Mrs Singh enter people start to sit around it leaving room at the bottom of the table for them to sit, They take their seats on two small chairs at the bottom of the table and look at each other for reassurance. The meeting is started by the doctor who took central role and spoke very loud in order to get the attention of the other members of the group he starts by saying to the group that he hasn't much time and really would like to get this meeting over as quickly as possible.

    • Word count: 2007
  12. Identify the different factors that influence dietary intake for different population groups and explain the factors affecting the nutritional health and welling of different groups of individuals and evaluate the relative importance of different factors

    It is a time when the body's systems are rapidly maturing. Gradually the baby becomes less dependent on milk and by the age of 9-12 months should be eating a more adult type of diet with three meals a day containing a wide variety of different foods with two or three suitable snacks and with milk. This should provide an adequate intake of all nutrients. Foods/drinks containing vitamin C (e.g. fruit and vegetables, potatoes or fruit juice) should be included in infants meals to assist iron absorption especially if their diet is meat free.

    • Word count: 2971
  13. public health

    Up to 21% of women and 27% of men are now ex-smokers. Surveys show that about 70% of current smokers would like to give up altogether. About half of all regular cigarette smokers will eventually be killed by their addiction. (2) Research shows that every year, around 114,000 smokers in the UK die from smoking related causes. And overall 80% of smokers start as teenagers. In the United Kingdom about 450 children start smoking every day. In England one fifth of 15 year olds are regular smokers: 16% of boys and 25% of girls.

    • Word count: 2741
  14. routine for child age 1-2

    10.15-11.00 Free play- the children decide what activities they want to play with. 11.30 Tidy up time- all children tidy away the toys they have been playing with and the staff help them. 11.45 Hand washing/dinner - all the children wash their hands and have their dinner. Staff feed the children that can't eat by themselves. 12.30 Story time/singing - after the children have eaten the staff read them a story or they sing nursery rhymes. 12.40 Nap time - after story/singing time they have a nap. The beds are laid on the floor and each child has their own blanket.

    • Word count: 2150
  15. Mental Health AO4

    By the 1940's other treatments were introduced such as electrotherapy. The process involved applying electrical current to the brain to treat mentally ill patients. Nearly 50 years later in 1990 brain imaging was used to learn more about the development of mental disorders leading to the DSM and ICD developing new criteria, which lead to a huge rise of 'official' diagnosis. Through the 1990's SSRI antidepressants became the most prescribed drug for depression in the world. The mental health act of 1983 was a big landmark in the history of mental health.

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  16. malnutrition diseases plus vitamin functions in the body and sources

    Saturated fats are also found in hard margarines that are formed by the 'hydrogenation' of vegetable oils. Lipids unsaturated Unsaturated fats contain essential fatty acids that cannot be manufactured by the body. This means you need to get them from food. They come from vegetable sources and are also found in oily fish, soft margarines, unsalted nuts, avocado, seeds pumpkin, sunflower and sesame. Proteins Proteins main job is to build cells and muscles. They also help to repair muscles when damages.

    • Word count: 2381
  17. The Nurture of cuddles"- A project report

    Despite robust evidence to support the benefits of breastfeeding, rates in the UK are among the lowest in Europe. Colson (2007) suggests 'When mothers and babies remain in close body contact following birth endogenous maternal and neonatal oxytocin is released simultaneously.' And the effects of the hormone oxytocin aid the transition to extra uterine life. It could be assumed that the protective mechanisms from ssc are best practice and therefore should be routine following all births: A recent audit on the delivery suite promoting a 2 hour time band for warding women on to the postnatal wards supports UNICEF (2006)

    • Word count: 2657
  18. Demographics - how they affect the local area and influence the services in the areas.

    Demographics refers to selected population characteristics as used in government, marketing or opinion research, or the demographic profiles used in such research. Commonly-used demographics include race, age, income, disabilities, mobility (in terms of travel time to work or number of vehicles available), educational attainment, home ownership, employment status, and even location. Distributions of values within a demographic variable, and across households, are both of interest, as well as trends over time. Demographics are frequently used in economic and marketing research.

    • Word count: 2193
  19. Carry out a Health and Safety survery of a local environment used by a patient or service user group

    Cherryvale Playing Fields - Children's Play Area What are the hazards? What is the harm? What has been done? What particular action is required? The park is on a busy road. Children may wander out of the park on the own and may be injured by a car, bus, lorry etc. Children's play area is away from main entrance. A fenced area around the play area could be provided with a gate for access that parents close on entering a sign stating this could be provided.

    • Word count: 2129
  20. Welfare and social policy - family study

    They prefer to concentrate on their careers and put off having a baby until late thirties. The number of single-parent families is increasing. This could be due to more marriages ending in divorce; some women are also choosing to have children as lone parents without being married. The aim of this assignment is to look at and evaluate four different types of families. Examine the difference from past to present and research the advantages and disadvantages of each family. In the past years the family structure has changed considerably. William Beveridge, the founder of the Welfare State, set forward benefits to help fight against what he called the five giants. Want, Disease, Squalor, Ignorance and Idleness.

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  21. non verbal and verbal communication

    For examples we went to hospital and we are talking to receptionist and he/she have appropriate eye contact and he/she is smiling and listening us makes us feel comfortable and it let us to speak comfortably. It makes us feel valued and happy with the service he/she provided. But on other hand, eye contact has negative impact if we are not looking at them. Other people might feel devalued because not looking at them tells that we are not paying them attention, we are not listening and we are ignoring them.

    • Word count: 2084
  22. Different types of Communication

    Written communication Written communication is something that we can record data in a storage device or on a data. Written communication is important in care settings because written communication is used mostly to write recordings of accidents in a nursery, keeping records, appointments cards and prescription. Written is used because if people are deaf then they will write things down in a paper. The purpose of writing information would be that we do not forget things and we can remember if we wrote something down on a paper. Computerised communication Computerised communication is the act of putting stored data or analysed into a computer.

    • Word count: 2919
  23. care practice and provision

    These are statistics of the local population collected by either the local county or the national 10-year census. The other place information is collected from is the national targets such as the smoking ban in 2007 and the high increase in teenage pregnancy's. Members of parliament, which is then used to determine the needs of the country/population, set the national targets. The NHS is funded by the government, which is funded by tax, the NHS then give the PCT's all the money they need to be able to distribute the money out to various hospitals and GP surgeries.

    • Word count: 2750
  24. communication and values

    In fact, communication is only successful when both the sender and the receiver understand the same information as a result of communication. Interpersonal interaction is how information is communicated between people. In a care setting there are ways this can be done. Undoubtedly the main method of communication used is that of the spoken (verbal) language, which is based on words that are pronounced by one person and heard by another. Language is a type of interpersonal communication that is not simply based on sounds that are heard.

    • Word count: 2929
  25. While I have been at my placement I have seen many ways, by simple getting down to the childs level, having a smile and a happy atmosphere. Relationships need to be built between pupil and teacher/TA and between themselves.

    3. Golden time. At golden time the children get to choose what activity they want to do. This promotes relationship between the pupils, as they get time to play together. They have to share and communicate to play well. They will find other children that have the same interest as them. By having registration time, golden time, play time and lunch time the children get the opportunity to develop relationship with the teachers and other children. They are getting to work and play with each other. They are also being able to build relationship with the teacher by have opportunity to speak them at registration time.

    • Word count: 2027

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