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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Research into Obesity - AS Research Project

    more than 60% of adults don't get the recommended amount of regular exercise. I will begin this project by looking at obesity rates in the young and health problems associated with being overweight. I will then focus on the idea of 'fat camps' to see if they are a useful method of helping people to lose weight in comparison to other methods. Finally I will analyse what I have found out through my literature review to draw my own conclusions about the impact of fat camps and obesity rates. My final task will be to appraise how well I conducted the study and to suggest what else I might do in the future to extend it.

    • Word count: 2740
  2. The U.S. Criminal Justice System Does Not Benefit the Drug Offender

    These people with lower levels of self-control also engage in non-criminal acts as well. These acts include drinking, gambling, smoking, and illicit sexual activity (Siegel 1998). Also, drug use is a common act that is performed by these people. They do not look at the consequences of the drugs, while they get the short-term gratification. Sometimes this drug abuse becomes an addiction and then the person will commit other small crimes to get the drugs or them money to get the drugs.

    • Word count: 2873
  3. An overview of Cervical Cancer from a biomedical perspective

    The cells continue to bunch together in an unorganised multilayered mass of tissue until they create a primary tumor or Neoplasm. As the tumor grows it requires more oxygen and nutrients so new blood vesicles are formed using a process named Angiogenesis. Cells eventually brake away from the tumor and spread through the blood and lymphatic system to form secondary growths known as Metastasis, in other parts of the body. The Malignant tumours damage surrounding tissues and eventually cut off all blood supplies to vital organs resulting in the woman's death.

    • Word count: 2065
  4. Curing the Skin

    More and more people are in the need of a physician who can diagnose their skin disease. With the thinning of the ozone layer, more and more of the population are starting to see side affects of skin cancer due to over exposure to the sun and its ultra violet rays. From this theory, most medical Cates 2 schools and specialty schools that interlink their medical fields with dermatology recommend that doctors begin a practice where they were schooled because diseases vary from location to location and surrounding schools teach and deal with only the diseases that are a problem in their area ("Career Information" n.p.).

    • Word count: 2395
  5. A brief exploration of the self- efficacy concept and its implication in the recovery process.

    Skinner, and Carl Rogers (Bandura's Biography, 1997). As an extension of his research into the cognitive processes involved with learning, Bandura addressed the perception that an individual experiences regarding his/her self-efficacy to handle situations in specific domains. He defined four main influences upon the development of efficacy (control beliefs): mastery experiences (personal successes, the most authentic and powerful means), vicarious experiences (provided by observing social models), social persuasion (positive verbal appraisals offered by others), and self-feedback based on physiological and emotional states (Bandura, 1986).

    • Word count: 2840
  6. Describe how neuropsychological and attributional processes are involved in the evolution and maintenance of delusional beliefs. Illustrate your answer with reference to the relevant empirical literature.

    An example transpires that a man who is hearing voices may deduce that the BBC have invented a machine to broadcast these voices and are experimenting on him using this machine. There seems though to be an apparent ease with which irrational beliefs can be provoked in ordinary people during abnormal experimental conditions. This explanation is only upheld if the patient has a prominent symptom, which they are trying to rationalise. However, it works less well in cases where there is no perceptual abnormality that needs to be explained.

    • Word count: 2812
  7. Defining the Link Between Stress and Illness.

    And what exactly do we mean by the illnesses caused by stress- there's so many kinds- mild infections, disease, and common everyday ailments. Other things could effect this, for example genetics and lifestyle, not just stress, so how can it be effectively measured? Everybody is different and so would perceive so-called 'stressful' events very differently, depending on a range of factors, internal, such as mental stability, or external, everyday things like financial situations. Of course practises and beliefs change dramatically across the world, over different cultures, so its only common sense to assume stressor's would vary greatly also.

    • Word count: 2407
  8. Anatomy and Physiology unit 5 assignment 3

    This means that levels of glucose and oxygen decrease while carbon dioxide and energy increase. Body temperature may also rise slightly due to the excess energy that turns into heat as a waste product. The way that the body reacts to these changes is through negative feedback loops, as shown above. When there is excess carbon dioxide in the blood, the chemo-receptors pick up the change and this triggers the brain to react in different ways, one way is that the heart begins to pump more quickly to get de-oxygenated blood to the lungs so that gas exchange can take place more quickly, another reaction is in the example above, we begin to breathe more so that more waste carbon dioxide leaves the body and is replaced with oxygen.

    • Word count: 2429
  9. Developing through the life stages - old age

    They suggested that elderly people want to disengage from society to reflect on life and prepare for death. Activity Theory- Havighurst (1964) completely disagreed with the social disengagement theory and he argued that except for inevitable changes in biology and health older people are the same as middle-aged people with the same psychological and social needs. He said that decreased social interaction in older ages is a result of society withdrawing from the older people against the wishes of most of the elderly people. The activity theory proposes that the withdrawal is not mutual. It claims that older adults should stay active and stay involved.

    • Word count: 2886
  10. Personal Development and Reflective Learning as a health care worker

    * Responsible for the safe handling of medicine * Supervise staffs * Work as a team * Work according to the organisation`s policies and procedures My Skills * Strong negotiation and interpersonal skills * Very creative * Speak fluent English and French * Standards of high quality in the provision of personal care to others * The ability to work in an organised and composed manner * Good communication and administration skills, including basic IT * Play music like guitar and drum Below is a table showing my strengths and weaknesses.

    • Word count: 2154
  11. Supporting and Safeguarding Adults

    Hopefully in the long Bridie went back to being a safe and caring environment with people that respect her right to care. What should have been done in this case to reduce the risk of abuse can include the use of CRB checks, presumably Bello was checked out prior to being employed, however if not then this is something that should have been done in order to prevent something like this happening to a service user. Another way to prevent this from happening could have been regular observations, if Bello had oberservations on a regular basis then that could have prevented the abuse from happening.

    • Word count: 2977
  12. Awareness in dealing with people suffering from sensory loss.

    (4.1) * Explain where additional advice and support can be sourced in relation to sensory loss. (4.2) (Task 5) Know how to report concerns about sensory loss. * Describe whom and how concerns about sight and/or hearing loss can be reported. (5.1) (Task 1) (1.1) There are many different facts that can have an impact on people with sensory loss. Communication and awareness play big roles in the impact. They may find it difficult to feed themselves, dressing and mobility. Hobbies and interests can have negative impact on their lives. They may also feel scared and alone due to this.

    • Word count: 2629
  13. Discuss Preventive Measures in Health Care

    http://www.med.uottawa.ca/sim/data/Prevention_e.htm (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.iwh.on.ca/wrmb/primary-secondary-and-tertiary-prevention (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.bmj.com/content/340/bmj.c1480 (accessed 21/12/2015) Primary prevention pursues to prevent the beginning of specific diseases through risk reduction: by altering behaviours or exposures that can lead to disease, or by enhancing fight to the effects of exposure to a disease agent. Examples include smoking cessation and vaccination. This is important because tobacco smoke contains a lethal mix of more than seven thousands chemicals: hundreds are harmful, and about seventy can cause cancer. Smoking rises the risk for grave health problems, many diseases, and death.

    • Word count: 2740
  14. The Medical and Social Model of Health

    http://www.marco-learningsystems.com/pages/david-zigmond/medical-model.htm (accessed on 26/10/2015) http://www.med.uottawa.ca/sim/data/Health_Definitions_e.htm (accessed on 26/10/2015) http://www.simplypsychology.org/medical-model.html (accessed on 26/10/2015) The medical of health is associated with the negative definition of health because the model focuses on the individual physical body and explains diseases or illnesses and its symptoms as a physical restraints, an example would be accidents. The medical model of health does not look at the psychological factor as the social model does. The concept of the social model of health is that people are not disabled because of illnesses or injury, but how society is constructed.

    • Word count: 2510
  15. Describe the symptoms and treatment of asthma

    When a person is diagnosed with asthma these tubes are inflamed. This inflammation makes the airways terribly swollen and sensitive. Due to this the inflammation starts reacting to certain substances that enter the airway. Once the airway starts reacting to these substances our muscles tighten up, as a result of this the airways are narrowed so less air enters to the lungs. Asthma has an impact on other body systems, these are the immune system, the nervous system and the respiratory system.

    • Word count: 2645
  16. Unit 3 - P4, M3, D2 Health and safety and responses to emergencies in a care setting.

    This should be the first priority because it is not safe staying on your own and if you don?t do this response it could be a risk to you and also no one will be there to witness anything if the patient does hurt you. Having someone else there may calm the situation down. If no one is available to come you the second thing you should do is move back from the patient and try to calm them down, but this will not always work, if the patient doesn?t calm down or gets angrier then you should immediately move

    • Word count: 2169
  17. Accident Log Book Example - waiting room - Unit 3 Health and Social Care task 4

    This hazard is especially a risk to those with mobility issues. In the case of the staircase, the fact that there is no handrail on the stairs means that people may be more susceptible to trip or fall down them. This hazard would especially be a risk to those with mobility issues, balance issues, partially sighted/blind people, and the elderly. Next to the reception there is an unlocked cupboard that the cleaners use when they clean the rooms. It is often left with the door slightly open and the chemicals in there visible to adults and children.

    • Word count: 2181
  18. Unit 3 Task 4 D1. Risk Assessment and Control Measures in a Doctor's Office

    The installation of hand rails on the stairs will give elderly people, children, people with mobility issues, partially sighted people etc. something to hold on to in case they trip, which will reduce the risk of them falling down the stairs, and getting potentially seriously injured and having to go to hospital. The exchange of the wooden toy box that could potentially splinter a child, for a more child-friendly non-toxic plastic one will mean that the possibility of getting a splinter from the toy box is completely eradicated, as you cannot get a splinter from plastic.

    • Word count: 2259
  19. Unit 10 Caring for Children and Young People P3 - Identifying abuse.

    The five types of abuse are; neglect, physical, emotional, sexual and domestic violence. Being able to identify abuse is important when your job is working with young people and children because as with every health and social care professional you have a duty of care of your service users, however young people and children are especially vulnerable and have laws that specifically protect them that were brought about because of major child abuse cases that happened in this country. The Victoria Climbie case was massive for changing the laws around safeguarding children.

    • Word count: 2615
  20. Unit 10 Caring for Children and Young People P2, M1 & D1

    Adoption is the end goal for all looked after children who are in permanent care. It provides the child/young person with a permanent, stable family environment where they can benefit from one-to-one parent care. Residential care is a type of long-term care usually for children and young people who have misbehaved repeatedly, gotten in trouble with police and are unable to live at home with their families. It provides safe and stable accommodation with around the clock care from specially trained staff. Residential care is often a last chance for young people and is given as an alternative to prison.

    • Word count: 2897
  21. Unit 2: Equality, Diversity and Individual's Rights P1, P2, P3 & M1

    The benefits of social and cultural diversity need to be appreciated in order to provide appropriate care services in a fair and equal way. Diversity means employing people from different backgrounds, cultures and countries so that they can help meet the needs of the diverse population the NHS provides services for. In every type of care setting practitioners should actively promote the equality and rights of the individual, whether the individual is a service user, friend or relative or a colleague.

    • Word count: 2412
  22. Unit 18: Working in the Health Sector P1, M1 & D1

    Midwives liaise with agencies and other health and social care professionals to ensure continuity of care. Throughout their careers they engage in professional development to meet PREP requirements, and they participate in the training and supervision of junior colleagues. To become a midwife, you need to have a minimum of five GCSEs at grade C or above, typically including English Language/Literature and a science subject and either two or three A Levels or equivalent. Some trusts run cadet schemes which can lead to entry onto a pre-registration programme in midwifery. These are increasingly being replaced by apprenticeships.

    • Word count: 2987
  23. M2 Explain how practitioners can take steps to protect themselves in relation to safeguarding practice in a work setting

    Section First, it is against the law to use physical punishment when disciplining children. To avoid any type of misunderstandings a professional working with older children and young people may best avoid any type of physical contact whatsoever. During an interview the safeguarding officer at my college informed our health and social care group that staff are advised never to touch a child who is behaving badly and to use the behaviour system where the pastoral staff are called for assistance.

    • Word count: 2388
  24. D1 Analyse how cultural variations can influence communication

    The first part of this essay outlines some cultural variations regarding communication. In the second part of this essay the implications that these cultural variations have for health and social care practice are investigated. Some of the different cultural variations that are detailed relate to national backgrounds, age, social class and gender. Cultural variations and communication It is a normal human condition to interpret actions, facial expressions, choice of words and other forms of communication according to a person?s cultural conditioning and past experience.

    • Word count: 2453
  25. aterials in the Body - fluid balance assigment

    Bacteria digested by lysosomes will leave some debris behind such as particulate matter for example a person lungs who smoke or work in a dusty environment resulting in blackened tissues resulting from particulate matter. Ionic material This is material containing atoms that may have a positive or negative charge as a result of gaining or losing electrons. Ionic material is designated by the relevant charge shown against the atom. In solution Substances that are capable of dissolving in a liquid are called solutes; the liquid is the solvent and the solute dissolved in the solvent is a solution.

    • Word count: 2048

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