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AS and A Level: Healthcare
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Counteracting age would be beneficial because it would enable someone in the life stage of late adulthood be physically healthy because they can do exercise and do sports since they are counteracting age. Carolyn Robbins article on The Positive Effect of Health also shows the importance of diet. The article states that ?giving your body the correct fuel will give you more energy and an overall sense of well-being.? This links to what I mentioned about nutrients providing the fuel we need to perform physically, food provides energy.
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http://www.med.uottawa.ca/sim/data/Prevention_e.htm (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.iwh.on.ca/wrmb/primary-secondary-and-tertiary-prevention (accessed 21/12/2015) http://www.bmj.com/content/340/bmj.c1480 (accessed 21/12/2015) Primary prevention pursues to prevent the beginning of specific diseases through risk reduction: by altering behaviours or exposures that can lead to disease, or by enhancing fight to the effects of exposure to a disease agent. Examples include smoking cessation and vaccination. This is important because tobacco smoke contains a lethal mix of more than seven thousands chemicals: hundreds are harmful, and about seventy can cause cancer. Smoking rises the risk for grave health problems, many diseases, and death.
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Government Health Campaign: The Change4Life campaign aims to help families to eat healthier and educate them on the importance of exercise.
This is important because children that are obese would cost the NHS later on because they would need to be provided with beds and treatment. Britain is a welfare state and therefore, the government has to provide medical care to the general public through taxation. The Change4Life is a programme for the government to reduce the rising issues on obesity for children. The health campaign programme is helpful in containing the spread of obesity and educating families with children to eat healthier and exercise regularly.
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http://www.marco-learningsystems.com/pages/david-zigmond/medical-model.htm (accessed on 26/10/2015) http://www.med.uottawa.ca/sim/data/Health_Definitions_e.htm (accessed on 26/10/2015) http://www.simplypsychology.org/medical-model.html (accessed on 26/10/2015) The medical of health is associated with the negative definition of health because the model focuses on the individual physical body and explains diseases or illnesses and its symptoms as a physical restraints, an example would be accidents. The medical model of health does not look at the psychological factor as the social model does. The concept of the social model of health is that people are not disabled because of illnesses or injury, but how society is constructed.
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http://healthcarecomm.org/about-us/impact-of-communication-in-healthcare/ (accessed on 11/10/2015) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2637/ (accessed on 11/10/2015) http://ispub.com/IJRA/12/2/4895 (accessed on 11/10/2015) Height is a factor of positioning that is essential in communicating effectively because it can influence the conversation. With height, it is important that the care practitioner?s chair is at a level, which would enhance communication. If a health and social care practitioner?s chair is higher than the service user, this can make the service user feel inferior. The service user should feel at eased in order to share their concerns because if they feel uncomfortable they are more likely to restrain themselves.
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For example, a patient with diabetes would still be in a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being. Not everyone with a disease or illness would lose their complete state of physical, mental and social well-being. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=RvGXLF3uxd0C&pg=PA41&lpg=PA41&dq=seedhouse+health+a+commodity&source=bl&ots=f4etwSpSrA&sig=m9CREsjnSqFb0QcahH_mhwPlNO8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=0IMyVM2eG87PaLeigZAI#v=onepage&q=seedhouse%20health%20a%20commodity&f=false (accessed on 09/10/2015) http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4163 (accessed on 09/10/2015) David Seedhouse 2009 David Seedhouse described health and welfare being an "equivalent to the set of conditions that enable a person to work to fulfil his/her realistic chosen and biological potential". The definition is positive approach to health because Seedhouse states ?work to fulfil his/her realistic chosen and biological potential.? This would give us the idea that health is a normal process and illnesses can occur without our will.
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http://www.managementstudyguide.com/oral-communication.htm (accessed on 02/10/2015) http://www.columbia.edu/~rmk7/PDF/IESBS.pdf (accessed on 02/10/2015) https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/publications/synopses/e58.pdf (accessed on 02/10/2015) Advantages of Oral Communication One advantage to oral communication is that it is very easy and simple and can provide feedback. This meaning that the conversation would be quick without unnecessary delays. For example, a psychologist or therapist can benefit from this advantage because often time is limited for them. There is also more flexibility in oral communication; different aspects can be discussed. If time is limited and there is an urgent matter that needs to be resolved; it may be best to have a face-to-face or telephone conversation.
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Explain how an organisation could ensure its staff selection procedure promotes equal opportunities.
It should be based on the candidate resume and work ethic. Therefore, it is vital that the organisation are aware of the language they are using when advertising. The organisation having mixed panel would enable an equal chance for the interviewee because the others might balance it out and focus on the skills and qualities of the interviewee. The mixed panel consists of having a diverse panel, such as; gender, culture, disability, age and ethnicity. By having a mixed gender and culture panel can ensure that the interviewee is protected from prejudice viewpoint.
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This means that it is illegal to directly discriminate an elderly service user or employee based on a protected characteristic. Further, making it illegal for an organisation to indirectly discriminate an elderly service user or employee by putting policies, rules or ways of doing things that would have a negative impact on them. However, the Equality Act has an exemption for age discrimination; it is still allowed as long as it has a legitimate aim. This means an employer or a service provider must justify the reason why they are discriminating on the basis of age.
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When a person is diagnosed with asthma these tubes are inflamed. This inflammation makes the airways terribly swollen and sensitive. Due to this the inflammation starts reacting to certain substances that enter the airway. Once the airway starts reacting to these substances our muscles tighten up, as a result of this the airways are narrowed so less air enters to the lungs. Asthma has an impact on other body systems, these are the immune system, the nervous system and the respiratory system.
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This should be the first priority because it is not safe staying on your own and if you don?t do this response it could be a risk to you and also no one will be there to witness anything if the patient does hurt you. Having someone else there may calm the situation down. If no one is available to come you the second thing you should do is move back from the patient and try to calm them down, but this will not always work, if the patient doesn?t calm down or gets angrier then you should immediately move
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When getting involved in group practical work it may be difficult to participate as will not be able to see. A strategy that could be put in place is having a magnified board to put over his worksheets which will help him with seeing the words. This can be put in place so Ahmed is able to get involved with the schoolwork and could potentially help his language development as he is able to read certain words but may need a teacher with him to guide him.
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P1 Explain the principal social perspective P2 Explain different sociological approaches to health and ill health M1 Assess the biomedical and socio-medical models of health
According to Talcott Parson, society is based on value consensus where shared and common values and behavioural norms lead to a common culture. Consensus is an agreement in the society about the values, and have freedom, equality, justice and fairness. These values are acquired by passing down from generation to generation, through primary socialisation. These values benefit everybody equally, some the example of values that exist in our society are right for equality, justice and privacy. There are mechanism of social control in the society, like punishment and rewards.
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Bullying and harassment can happen face-to-face, by letter, by email, by phone, by text etc. Bullying policies should state that any type of bullying on the grounds of anything like race, gender, sexuality etc. is strictly forbidden and there will be consequences for anyone who is seen to be bullying someone else in the care setting and may be banned from the setting. Harassment: harassment is when someone behaves in a way which makes you feel distressed, humiliated or threatened.
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Codes of conduct also let the service user know what to expect from a care service, and informs them of their rights to complain if they are treated unfairly. These initiatives are very important to society and towards health and social care sector as it ensures that each individual is treated equally and that there is no inequality created between individuals no matter what race, colour, gender, age, culture, disabilities, social class, cognitive ability or health status they may be.
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Unit 2 task 1 - Understanding the concept of equality, diversity and rights and their impact on care settings
My setting I have chosen to base this unit on is a local primary school. Discrimination can occur in schools, for example children may be denied admission to schools due to things like their culture, religion or family status. Teachers may also treat children who are already members of a school differently due to their individual differences, for example a teacher could discriminate against children who have foreign accents by not allowing them to read aloud during reading time. Discrimination can happen in all sorts of environments, for example: Work places - people can be discriminated against by employers who don't hire them due to their association to a group, like religion or culture for example.
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For example a nurse must allow a patient who is bed bound to leave their bed at certain times to practise their religion, for example praying in a certain room, or a vegetarian on a controlled diet must be allowed to abstain from eating meat if they chose to do so, and must not be forced to eat anything they don?t want to eat. Maintaining confidentiality: Health records and other information regarding patients is confidential, including written information, verbal information, and computer recorded information.
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It can be overt or covert, and there are various types of abuse. For example it can be physical, for example punching, kicking, restraining someone unnecessarily, or handling people roughly when helping them with bathing, moving or using the toilet; sexual, for example doing things to a person without their consent; psychological, for example humiliating someone or harassing them; financial, for example stealing their money or possessions, or putting pressure on someone to give you money. Those most at risk from danger and harm are children, individuals with mental health problems, individuals with learning disabilities or physical disabilities, the elderly etc., as these kinds of people can be less powerful and easily influenced.
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Cognitive ability Cognitive ability discrimination is treating someone unfairly because of their cognitive ability. In a school, if a parent brought their child along to a children's activity session, and the teacher told the parent that their child wasn't allowed to join in because of their cognitive ability. Social class Social class discrimination is treating someone differently due to their social class/background. If a child applied to join an afterschool club but was declined due to their lower social class.
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Stereotyping would be the teacher assuming the boy who comes from a lower class family has a rough family with divorced parents. Prejudice Prejudice is a negative pre-conceived belief, opinion or feeling towards a certain group of people that is based on unreasonable judgements. If there was a group of elderly residents in a care home, and they didn't talk to one of the members because they were homosexual and the residents believed this was wrong. If member of a class was Asian, and all the children refused to play with him because of this, this would be prejudice.
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Working with others to ensure health, safety and security: Health and safety representatives have the responsibility to encourage engagement between themselves, employees, employers, outside organisations etc. to discuss how issues can be solved. They can work in partnership with other organisations and employees/managers/employers to ensure positive outcomes when dealing with potential health and safety issues in the surgery. For example, in a doctor's surgery, the health and safety representative would hold regular, for example monthly, meetings to engage with other employees and outside organisations to discuss how control measures are being put into place and analyse whether any of the staff need any extra training.
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Which policies and procedures would need reviewing following incidents like the ones you have simulated? Having completed your scenarios and evaluated your risk assessments, what recommendations would you make in reviewing policies and procedures? Waiting room: In the doctor?s surgery the fire safety policy would need to be reviewed as, if it was up to date and being followed properly, then the incident of people not being able to get out of the fire exit due to it being blocked would not happen. It would need to have the regular checking of the fire exits for obstacles added onto it.
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These incidents can be to anyone on the premises (employees, visitors, service users etc.) and it is the responsibility of the employer or the health and safety manager to report these things to either the local council or a health and safety executive. These incidents that have to be recorded can be minor, and just need basic first aid, or can be extreme, causing death. The person in charge of recording these incidents will have to say how, where, and why it happened.
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