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AS and A Level: Healthcare
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It will then argue that mental factors, such as individual personality, attitude to the stress, socialising with others and positive thinking, might play a special and important role in people's keeping healthy into old age and might promote function of physical factors. This essay will begin with the summation of the physical elements people can keep fit into old age, and then the detailed description of the mental elements will be showed. Finally it will conclude with evaluating the importance and special functions of the mental elements.
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Evaluate the influence of theoretical perspectives on aspects of practice which affect the development of children.
Moreover their development in the social/emotional area will deeper in understanding and their experiences and knowledge will make sense in the present situations. Lastly another advantage is the demonstration the children experience, using the scaffolding theory to watch a demonstration and follow and learn them for the future. He thought that children's potential should be assessed as well as their skills to find out the basis of their true potential. The disadvantages to his theory are that using social skills and others knowledge to learn may prevent them from figuring out the answers and learning for themselves, being totally dependent on another person.
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Legal Requirements Legal requirements and policies are a vital issue in child care and teaching, because it's more than essential to put this in your practice and link it to all confidentiality policies and observation procedures. The legislation which requires policies to be put in place in schools is those such as Data Protection Act 1998 and Freedom of Information Act 2000 as according to the EYFS. This issue relates to objective observation because the legal requirements ask that observations be kept confidential, unbiased and balanced reports of exactly what you see in the child's development and progress.
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the children to be more motivated, interested and involved in the activities; practitioners must plan activities that are able to be achieved by everyone, despite their abilities or special needs. For example, if the setting has a child that has a hearing impediment, then the practitioners should add to the planning that the activity should be more visual to ensure that the child can still be involved and take part.
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This means that it is unethical to set up situations that might cause the child or his/her parents distress and that all information gained during the observation and subsequent evaluation should be treated in confidence" (Beith and Tassoni(2002, page 22) It's also important that you don't make assumption and to observe and record everything correctly and make sure that all you write about is what you have seen the child do and not any personal information that isn't needed. According to Beith and Tassoni "To make an observation or assessment as accurate as possible, we must be careful that any prejudices and stereotyped ideas we have about the child are stripped away" (Beith and Tassoni(2002, page 23)
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Interviews: Interviews are mainly used to gather direct responses from individuals on the spot. This method is very useful as they discover what the individual's feelings and views are on certain topic which is raised. It allows individuals to ask detailed questions which the opposite individual has to response in detail too. The main advantage of using interview to collect data is that the words which are said are from the individuals themselves which means that these words are original words that have come out of their mouths directly.
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Child neglect is a situation that the childs primary needs are lacked, especially by parents or caregivers of the child. Physical child abuse is an adults action which causes visible or potential harmfulness to the child.
Physical child abuse is an adult's action which causes visible or potential harmfulness to the child. Emotional maltreatment is known as a behavior of child abuse that affects the psychology life or social skills of the child. We can categorize the reasons of child abuse into 3 different ways: parental causes, ecological causes and child problems. Besides, child abuse also has strongly influenced all sides of the child's life, such as: physical effects, behavior effects and emotional effects. It is completely surprising to know that one of the causes is from the child's parents. Actually, if the child's father or mother falls into an addictive situation such drugs or alcohol, these children will not be able to receive suitable cares to grow up normally.
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Describe the ways to evaluate health education campaigns, including the pre-set criteria to be used to measure campaign outcomes and methods to be used for collecting and presenting data.
Mass media uses many techniques to get through to their audience such as using supportive images to help them get rid of their bad alcoholic habits and also use threatening images to inform their audience the problems and illness which alcohol can cause if they don't take their advice into consideration. "Mass media campaigns have generally aimed primarily to change knowledge, awareness and attitudes, contributing to the goal of changing behaviour" (http://www.nice.org.uk/niceMedia/documents/CHB7-campaigns-14-7.pdf) Reaching targeted audience: The targeted audience are a group of individual which the campaign might want their message sent out to for example alcohol, they might have many targeted audience they might their message reaching.
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He called this garden a kindergarten and was for the use of children ages 3 to 7 years of age. He encouraged staff to observe and value children's play and believed that teachers should be approachable within the setting and holds qualities that the children could then respect and imitate in the future. Froebel also encouraged children to learn through rhymes and songs which today are seen in many even childhood educational settings. Froebel also believed that children would learn best by exploring different materials, he did this by designing wooden blocks and many other kinds of materials which also seen in early years settings today.
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The factors that influence my learning are; time constraints, learning style, learning environment, learning resources, attitude and self-discipline.
Also relationships can be a bad influence as they can distract you from your work and they can also change your behaviour and attitude towards something for example; if your friend is in a relaxed, I don't want to do work mood then it spreads and makes you feel like you don't want to do it. Learning Environment This influences my learning as then I can't concentrate on my work if the atmosphere is crowded, noise, if the temperature is too hot, lack of resources.
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I have been instructed to send you a report about communication in an organisation and how to overcome them
Psychological barriers are barriers that depending on what people are thinking and what mood they are in, if people are in a bad mood then they are going to be less likely to listen to what a manager may say to them which may be important to convey to the rest of the staff. Other examples could be inefficient or inappropriate information systems, a lack of supervision or training, and a lack of clarity in roles and responsibilities which can lead to staff being uncertain about what is expected of them.
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At this age they enjoy counting up to 20 by rote, and understand the concept of number up to 3. Children at this stage tell long stories, sometimes confusing fact and fantasy. 4 year to 5 years: A child will be able to use language to communicate to a practitioner or parent to give them assistance or help, when communicating at this age children may be unaware that many common words have irregular forms-for example talking in the past tense ' I walk' becomes 'I walked', 'I runned' or 'I goed' instead of 'I ran', or 'I went'.
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The musculoskeletal systems functions are to support the bodys shape, to protect important organs, to help the bodys movement, to produce blood cells
Ball and socket joints allow the widest range of movement like the shoulder and hip joints. Bones contain calcium and phosphorus and these make them hard and rigid (steady). The surface on each bone is covered in periosteum which is a thin membrane and it has in it a network of blood vessels and nerves. The layer on top of this is hard and dense and is known as compact, ivory or cortical bone. The centre cavity in some bones and the spaces in some spongy bones contain fatty tissue and this is called bone marrow which contains red blood cells, platelets and almost all of the white blood cells.
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I will discuss the structure and functions of the nervous system including the structure and functions of the brain, nerves (neurons), the spinal chord and will then describe 3 dysfunctions of the nervous system.
Its function is to control all of the body systems and organs and keeps them working, it allows us to think, feel, remember things and also allows us to imagine. The brain communicates with the rest of the body through the spinal cord and the nerves, they tell the brain what is going on around the body all of the time. The system also gives instructions to every part of the body about what to do and when our body should do it, an example of this is walking and talking.
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The Process of Child Protection In this assignment I will discuss the 3 different methods of referral and show the difference between the three types.
The second type of referral that could be made is a third party referral and this can be made from a person that is not a professional so this could be a family member, a friend or a neighbour that makes the referral. An example of a third party referral is if a child is being abused and a neighbour hears frequent bangs, crashes and the sound of a child in pain or suffering on a regular basis then it could be worrying for them to hear what is happening and not be able to see what is actually going on.
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If the room is to bright from electrical lighting the service user or care worker could get a headache become some people react badly from too much electrical lighting and prefer to have some natural lighting as well. Both of these can affect self-esteem because you could feel like the other person my not be able to see you properly so this will make you paranoid and could start to go off track and not be able to concentrate because of the poor lighting.
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Sometimes a child that is being physically abuse may not say anything at all and could be socially withdrawn. Usually when a child is suffering from physically abuse they try to bottle in how they are feeling and try to deal with how they are feeling on their own so they try not to say anything at all in fear of saying something that will get them into trouble. A child's physical appearance could also be a give away of physical abuse.
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Safeguarding venerable groups act 2006 This act came into force in autumn 2008. This act was designed to make sure that all adults working with children and other vulnerable groups are vetted which means having a Criminal Record Bureau check, this is not just in childcare organisations but also in other organisations like junior football clubs. This act is also designed to cover adults who work with vulnerable adults such as those who may have learning difficulties of maybe even a nursing home. Disability discrimination act 2000 The Disability Discrimination act means that it would be illegal for a setting to make reasonable adjustments to accommodate those with a disability, both children and the parents.
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In this task I will give a description of three examples of a legislation, a policies, a standards or codes of practice that influence provision of health service for service users.
The Health and safety executive is responsible for enforcing the Act and a number of other regulations relevant to the working environment. In community schools, community special schools and voluntary-controlled schools statutory health and safety responsibilities fall on the local authority (as the employer) and on the head teacher and staff (as employees). The governing body, as the management body, should ensure that school staff and premises comply with the local authority's (LA's) health and safety policy and practices. The governing body, having control of the premises, must take reasonable steps to make sure that the buildings, equipment and materials are safe and do not put the health of persons at risk while they are on the premises.
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I will evaluate the effectiveness of how multidisciplinary work for patients, I will state what the multidisciplinary team is and its strengths and weaknesses.
Another multidisciplinary strength is all ideas and decisions about the treatment plans for the patients are discussed between every member of the team before any decision is made also the MDT include the patients in that discussion also. E.g. a doctor may make a suggestion that is harmful to the service user occupations needs, this suggestion will be discuss with other member of the team and one of the team member will deflect this suggestion as they already information and they know that this suggestion can not be made because it could cause harm to the service user.
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In this task I will evaluate the requirements for health care workers, in terms of them providing a competent workforce for the health sector, I will state what the continuing professional development (CPD) is
The range of CPD activities covers the whole spectrum of learning and can include on-the- job development, formal programmes and qualifications through to informal opportunities and learning through experience. CPD for the social care workforce includes any development opportunity that contributes directly to improving the quality of service received by people who use the service. CPD is vital as it is: * central to improving your service * essential for good people management * key to improving recruitment and retention * applicable to all your workers, volunteers, carers and managers * a shared responsibility - for workers to develop their skills and knowledge and for you as an employer to actively provide appropriate learning opportunities.
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Policies and Procedures. I will be analysing the rights of services within a positive care environment. Some of these rights will include confidentiality, anti-discriminatory practice, effective communication, empowerment and respect for individual choice
They have a suggestion box, newsletters, but most of all they have a User Forum which lets the service users and staff comment on what they thought of services or events that have happened. From this the organisation can see what they need to work on and improve or what to do more of by getting the thoughts of the service users. The qualities needed from a health care practitioner, to help promote a positive care environment, come from a list of skills and qualities.
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I will be analysing the rights of services within a positive care environment. Some of these rights will include confidentiality, anti-discriminatory practice, effective communication, empowerment and respect for individual choice identity and beliefs.
Direct quote from the Cedar Foundation website - http://www.cedar-foundation.org/about-us/ The Cedar Foundation have a lot of values for a range of people throughout, they improve outcomes for disabled children, young people and their families living in Northern Ireland. The inclusion of children and young people is a key priority to the cedar foundation, and working with a different range of services and organisations to create and inclusion world. They offer fun-packed days for children and teenagers that are within the Cedar Foundation throughout Northern Ireland for example ice-skating or trips to the cinema.
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Or if a GP thinks that a service user should be referred to the hospital for treatment then they would have to make a referral. In this section I will talk about the different barriers service users face while trying to access services. The different barriers will include * Language/communication * Organisational * Emotional barriers * Geographical * Physical Language Barrier As the UK is a multi-cultural society, it has a range of people from different countries all over the world which speak different languages, and English may not be their first language.
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There are many aims of the initiative but some can include; to develop on the way children learn, allowing the children to experience a new learning environment and to encourage children to develop social, emotional and physical well being. All of the aims coincide with government legislation as Forest Schools can contribute to four of the five outcomes that are part of the government framework, Every Child Matters. Be healthy - In a Forest School children are physically active a lot of the time, and their stamina improves as they go through their outdoor activities.
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