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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Identify factors that contribute to the equality of individuals in society

    Political factors Legislation- The sex discrimination Act 1975 This was an act introduced not to discriminate men and women when it came to areas of employment. This act tries to provide equal opportunities for promotions and for men and women to get jobs without discrimination Welfare state is a concept of government where the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. It is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for those unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life.

    • Word count: 1503
  2. Children and additional needs - legal requirements and support services.

    D3 - The main areas that need to be included in an inclusion policy are first of all the aims of the setting that means how they aim to meet the Childs additional needs. Settings can include a mission statement which explains the settings principles. This mentions how all children are special and how the setting will provide equal opportunities and a welcome for all, recognising that certain groups and individuals In our society get discriminated against. How the setting will identify special needs, for example record keeping and a comprehensive system of regular observations help to recognise any additional needs a child may have.

    • Word count: 4726
  3. There are numerous variations of the definition of health leading to several models attempting to explain it. This essay will explore the medical and social models, and how they are relevant today regarding social factors that influence health.

    The Black Report by Black (1980) illustrates the widening gap of illness and death amongst the social classes of Great Britain, and how income, education, poor housing, diet and employment influence this. Thirty years on, the Marmot Review by Marmot (2010) investigated similar inequalities and identified the key solutions; most importantly improving the UK's economy and helping those most needy by reducing the tax burden on lower classes and improving welfare. Studies highlight the correlation between high mortality rates and unemployment, notably among men post-redundancy (Dorling, 2009).

    • Word count: 1565
  4. Personal Healthy Living Plan - my diet and positive health choices.

    * 80 grams (40 rams peanuts) * 20 grams Snacks * Orange * Banana * 1, medium * 1, medium Date: Nov.12,2011 Food Eaten How much eaten Breakfast * Crackers * 5 pieces (20 grams) Lunch * Rice cake * Ham * Chicken soup * 150 grams * 20 grams * 1 small bowl (20 grams chicken) Dinner * Rice * Chicken * 100 grams * 50 grams Snacks * Orange * water * 1, medium * 200 mL 3. Please see next page 4. According to the food guide, part of my diet need to be adjusted.

    • Word count: 1034
  5. How national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice

    A charter set out the rights and the responsibilities in an easy read accessible format. All health social care profession have a charter or a code of practice. All of codes of conducts and charters have the care base value as a starting point for content and the messages given. Organisational policies and procedures: Positive promotion of individual right There are a wide range of policies, guidelines and procedures put in place in different organisations to support equality, diversity and rights. Positive promotion of EDR can be seen on notice boards which displays the key policies and procedures.

    • Word count: 754
  6. Describe the application of psychodynamic perspectives in health and social care.

    One way these urges and impulses are released is through dreams. Freud believed that the unconscious expresses itself in a symbolic language. Freud categorised the aspects of the unconscious mind into the following three sections: * ID, a primitive part of the personality that pursues only pleasure and instant gratification. * Ego, part of the personality that is aware of reality and is in contact with the outside world. * Superego, part of the personality that controls thoughts and behaviour. Freud was particularly preoccupied with the sexual content of dreams. He believed that sex was the root cause of what occurs in dreams.

    • Word count: 605
  7. Use sociological terminology to describe the principal sociological perspectives and describe models of health.

    Feminism Many feminist are negative about society and see the bad in everything. Most feminists think society is dominated by men, this is known as patriarchy. Feminists believe society is based on conflict, the conflict is between males and females. They believe women are disadvantaged in society and that men have more power than women. There are a lot of different feminist theories but they all have one thing in common, they all look at the differences in society between men and women and how the differences can be resolved.

    • Word count: 2300
  8. The benefits of Indian head massage.

    M2 - Referral History The family belief of massage in Indian goes back to the start of Hinduism and is still part of this year's culture. Indian's believe that massage preserves body energy and saves the organism from decay. They see it as the most powerful relaxation technique and also the most rejuvenating. Giving birth to a new born baby is the most memorial gift for Indians in India. They massage them everyday from birth until they are three years old as this is said to promote bonding with the child.

    • Word count: 937
  9. Nursing homes in America have underwent some drastic changes that have made giving good care in their facilities more challenging than it used to be.

    Recently, however, there has been a lot of attention drawn to the fact that the patients are not receiving the care that they desperately need. Some extensive research and time has been put into finding out why the quality of care in these types of facilities has declined and what can be done about turning this problem around. Nursing homes in Texas have seen challenges in caring for patients because of the lack of staff, increased regulations, and keeping up with new medical technology.

    • Word count: 1297
  10. I will outline the procedures and practices that I need to follow when taking children on the outing chosen in task 1. I am going to detail about planning and preparation, accompanying children on outing and emergency arrangements.

    Any trips we arrange for the children and staff needs. Any trips we arrange for the children, we take the register and first aid kit Incase of emergencies. There should always be a qualified member of staff on any outing. Staff and children's ratios will always be met and if this is not possible the arranged trip will be cancelled. Illness and injuries policy The childcare promotes a healthy lifestyle and a high slandered of hygiene on its day to day work with children and adults. And if the child is not well the parents are asked not to bring the child into childcare room.

    • Word count: 993
  11. Free essay

    Describe the 3 different types of settings, including how they are funded, and then give 3 examples of how each support children and families.

    My local children's centre is in Borehamwood. Our children's centre is open 6 days a week, Monday to Saturday and offers a wide range of services. These services include: Stay, play and sing, cr�che, parenting support group for parents that want and need the help, money advice workshop helps to manage money and how to gain access to benefits if needed, young parents club for support of new and young mums, child minders group which is a opportunity for child minders to meet each other while the children play, child health clinic which is run by local health visitors.

    • Word count: 2493
  12. Within my setting I have worked as part of a team in many different ways. One of these ways was when I set up a display of the childrens work.

    P5.3; When I had finished the other members of staff said I had done a good job by myself and to remember that I can ask for help when I needed it. Another member of staff was also making a display of the children's maths work and she asked me if I liked the layout and the colours she had used. I said it was good, and that it was nice and bright for the children to look at. My supervisor then commented and said it was good that I was able to give feedback to other members of staff well as well as being able to receive feedback from others.

    • Word count: 1336
  13. Identify the key elements of health and social care services. Explain the skills required for two different job roles in health and social care

    Voluntary care mainly counts on donations from individuals and a lot off the staff are volunteers. Some organisations such as: Age concerns, The Alzheimer's society and the Autistic society, provide voluntary care. Informal care Much social care support is provided by informal carers who are relatives, friends and neighbours. They usually give up their paid jobs to care and support their loved ones. They may be qualified to claim for carer's allowance. Voluntary services mostly support informal carer's. Various informal carers' would have formed self help groups to provide more help and support and also discuss matters.

    • Word count: 2572
  14. Human lifespan development - Identify the key aspects ph physical, intellectual emotional and social development of each life stage

    They turn to locate the source of sounds and forget about the objects they cannot see and they also explore things by putting them in their mouth. From seven month onwards they start to make sounds like 'mama and dada', they repeat actions that cause a response e.g. when they are given a rattle they will shake it and laugh, they respond to simple directions and they may speak their first understandable words by twelve months. Most one-year-olds would be able to name simple objects like shapes.

    • Word count: 930
  15. I am going to explain the communication barriers that I came across in the two interactions.

    As they became aware and could hear are communication section, this made me become embarrassed and not able to express my self properly in the way I would have wished too. The terminology I used in the interaction was observed as me having good use of this, but this may have become a barrier towards the other individual I was communicating with. The barrier could have been that the other individual may not have understood the terminology I was using and therefore become unable to communicate back properly.

    • Word count: 504
  16. Effective communication helps the health care professionals to gain the clients / service users trust and confidence.

    * Facial expressions This form of nonverbal communication, facial expressions are general. The face is very expressive; you are able to express numerous emotions without saying a word. The facial expressions for happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, fear, and disgust are the same across cultures. * Body movements and posture This type of nonverbal communication includes your posture, bearing, stance, and subtle movements. Your body posture and movements have an affect on the person you're speaking to by the way they sit, walk, stand up, or hold their head. If your body looks still and motionless, or relaxed while the person is talking to you there going to think your not really bothered about what they are saying.

    • Word count: 602
  17. Working with children with special needs - the models of disability

    (Disability Models, 2006) The medical model is rejected by organisations of disabled people, but it still pervades many attitudes towards disabled people. However the social model has been developed by disabled people in response to the medical model and the impact it has had on their lives.

    • Word count: 480
  18. Health and safety legislation that affects care provision.

    by bodily force or by hand. The regulations include anything thing that needs assistance of an individual to lift or support or move a load. The load could be either an object or a person. The employer is responsible for the employees to try and avoid manually handling. Service providers need to have attended a moving and handling course to learn how to use hoist, sliding boards, slings and other equipment correctly and safely. The employees also need to read the risk assessments to ensure that the service providers are safe and using equipment properly.

    • Word count: 2808
  19. A basic standard of care was devised in the 1990s which is known as the Care Value Base (CVB). These are now commonly known as values and principles of care and they provide guidelines to which all people who work with in health associations shoul

    The final guideline is to respect and maintain confidentiality of information so that the service user's details and personal information is kept to the people who need to know it! This helps to reduce abuse as if information is not shared with the whole world then it is less likely that people will know detailed things about them! Everyone but especially vulnerable people and service users should all be treated with respect and dignity, have equal rights and the right to privacy and others keeping things confidential!

    • Word count: 1661
  20. Health Factors Underlying health conditions resulting in a specific nutrient need:

    Loss of ability to feed independently: From Paralysis Some people unfortunately are unable to feed themselves either from an accident which leads to paralysis or they haven't been able to all their lives or a development of debilitating condition. If any quantity of independence can be preserved, then it should. There are many gadgets that are available to people who are unable to feed themselves to help them feed themselves such as wide handed cutlery, non-slip mats and plate guards all help people try to feed them easier.

    • Word count: 4793
  21. Nutrition of a pregnant and non-pregnant women

    Whilst pregnant you should eat lean meats, fish, poultry, dairy products, grains, nuts and pulses in order to maintain a good level of protein in your diet. * Fibre: It is important to eat more fibre in your diet whilst pregnant. This is order to avoid piles, constipation and haemorrhoids. To increase the level of fibre in your diet you should eat more fruit and vegetables, wholemeal bread and brown rice. * Folic Acid: The RNI for folate in a normal women's diet is 200ug. For pregnant women this increases by 100ug.

    • Word count: 597
  22. Team work and working with parents and children in a social care setting.

    It can also make communication with each other in the room better and will be able to discuss all the matters in an appropriate manner. A1 Explain why practitioners should help children to be able to express their needs and feeling. It is a human right that people can express their feeling and it is therefore the same for children. They will be learning to express their feelings by play. The practitioner can help with this by interacting with the children, playing alongside with them, encourage them and talking about the child's feelings.

    • Word count: 555
  23. Recognise the effects of barriers, and influences on, communication

    Noise can be another hindering factor; if there is too much loud noise in the background one of the participants in the conversation may misunderstand what has been said, and if it is too quiet the service user may feel awkward speaking; therefore some quiet background music may help to relax the service user when speaking. The service user may also misinterpret what has been said if he or she has a hearing impairment; if the service user has a hearing impairment the carer will have to take this into account; they may have to speak much louder in which

    • Word count: 3816
  24. This assignment is going to look at the professional code of conduct for nurses and how ethical principles influence the Code.

    Nurse Mary had just finished a phone call, when someone knocked on her office door. Standing in the door was Emma, a 14 year old girl. She looked a bit scared but resolute after some minutes of hope from Nurse Mary, that everything was alright, and that Emma could tell her anything, the girl opened up. She told the nurse that she and her boyfriend, who was sixteen years old, were sexually active and she wanted contraception but she did not want her parents to know about it. Mary informed her that it was actually illegal for her boyfriend to have sexual intercourse with her.

    • Word count: 1379
  25. Health and safety. This assignment is about how legislation, roles and responsibilities affect people in the workplace, it is the people who are working in the environment to ensure that risks are kept to a minimum;

    Another employee responsibility that promotes health and safety in the work place is being responsible for data protection this is done though training and ensure that any information saved is safe and can't be accessed by people it's not supposed to be accessed by, this includes information of a computer and written by hand, any information that is not longer need and is kept on paper needs to be shredder, not torn and put into a bin as people can still access and get the information and this could put some in a difficult and risky situation, there are also server consequences for those who share information or don't dispose of it correctly.

    • Word count: 974

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