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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Social Inequalities and Health - The Black Report

    These habits are transcended to their children therefore transmitting ill health across the generations. I t is also explained that such behaviours are embedded in the social context rather than individual control which describes lifestyle and consumption as causes of poor health. Another theory is the Structural / material theory; sees a number of factors that influences poorer health in the lower social class group, e.g. Inadequate housing (overcrowding), low income, poor diet, dangerous working environment (exposure to asbestos causes cancer), stress and depression.

    • Word count: 1886
  2. Explain the concepts of equality, diversity and rights in relation to health and social care

    A person?s religion may also effect what they can eat for example halal meat is a requirement. Diet is also linked to social class; this is because it has been found that people in the higher income bracket are more likely to eat their 5 a day than people in the lower income bracket. A nutritionist working in health a social care could be acting in a discriminatory way if they are not taking all of these things into consideration when planning or helping someone plan their meals.

    • Word count: 1905
  3. In the human body the respiratory system, cardiovascular system, the digestive system, the musculoskeletal system all work together for the body to receive the right amounts of energy

    (Alcamo, E, I, and Krumhart. (2004) Where does the body get energy? 1. The food we eat gets broken down in the digestive system; that then passes through the liver and the bloodstream which is then taken to the cells that need it. You get more energy from proteins and carbohydrates than foods that contains fatty acids. 2. When you digest food you always get glucose, this is then taken to all the cells who need energy, any energy that?s left over is stored in the liver and skeletal muscles.

    • Word count: 1760
  4. System Functions, Structures and Control Mechanisms in the Human Body.

    The part of the body that controls our body temperature is the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is located in the brain; it is pea sized and controls the autonomic nervous system (ANS), including the sympathetic division of the central nervous system. If the hypothalamus detects the temperature of the blood flow is below normal the hypothalamus sends out a signal that triggers a sympathetic reaction. The sympathetic reaction defers the blood flow away from the skins surface by constricting the blood vessels close to the skin surface, as this reduces the amount of heat lost through the skin as the vital organs in the bodies core need to be protected and maintained at a regular temperature.

    • Word count: 4820
  5. Obesity in America -research report.

    Also another thing that people don?t put into consideration is that everyone is different and everyone reacts differently to different solutions. Why do most diets not work? Well there is a saying that trying to teach adults is like trying to teach a cat to swim. For most people the fact of having a diet or having to be on a diet just makes them want to disregard that diet. When people get on a diet they think that they will be restricted on a strict schedule that won?t let them enjoy what they usually eat, like pizza for an example.

    • Word count: 1217
  6. Explain the concept of an unequal society and its effects on health.

    Prejudice is a concept closely related to that of stereotyping. Stereotyping is where groups of people get defined into one category as if they all share the same personal characteristics or features. However, this is a negative concept for everyone is different and has individual qualities. An example of this would be that everyone wearing a hooded top is a ?chav? and you should assume you are going to get robbed or beaten up when you come into contact with them.

    • Word count: 1116
  7. Evaluate the success of a recent initiative in promoting anti-discriminatory practice. SENDO.

    Imposes a duty on schools to inform a parent if special educational provision is being made for their child. 6. Permits a ?responsible body? to request a review or assessment of educational needs. 7. Brings Northern Ireland schools within the scope of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995. http://www.education-support.org.uk/parents/special-education/sendo/ SENDO is successful in promoting anti-discriminatory practice as the code of practice makes it unlawful for bodies responsible for the provision of education and other associated services to discriminate against disabled pupils and prospective pupils.

    • Word count: 1138
  8. P4 Explain two theories of ageing

    Problems Explanation Retirement would lead to them having less contact with colleagues in a social setting traveling and technology will cause less interaction with people because some elderly people do not have access to a car, the internet or a mobile phone, Geographical Mobility A lot of elderly people will more than likely retire to an area away from friends and family or some family members may move away from older people in order to seek better housing or employment Ill-Health When you are ill your mobility will become very poor so you will not be able to travel to see friends or family.

    • Word count: 1108
  9. Unit 2 Communication in a care setting

    It is also a very quick form of interacting with people. Individuals can access a vast amount of information through the internet. Email and text messages can reach people in a fraction of the time that paper-based written communication used to take place. It is possible to network with a wide range of other professionals rapidly using electronically recorded messages. Computerised records are very important in care work and should be treated with the same degree of formality as other written records.

    • Word count: 3662
  10. There are different laws, legislations that influence our working practices when working and caring for children

    , and we must ensure that there are no risks of injury within the setting to anyone. Buildings must be in good condition, clean and with safe storage and everyone must follow and promote this legislation. This sets the standards that must be met to ensure the health and safety of all employees and others who may be affected by any work activity. Other regulations also exist to cover work activities that carry specific risks, for example lifting and carrying, computer work and electricity. ?The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 , also referred to as HASAW or HSW, is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in the United Kingdom.

    • Word count: 3702
  11. Inequalities in Society - case study of two families.

    With them living on the second floor the children will not be able to run around in the garden. A positive of living on the second floor, they have to walk up stairs to get to their flat, by walking up the stairs they will get a small amount of exercise. As Lisa is frightened of using too much heating in case she cannot afford to pay the electric bills, will have an impact on the family?s physical development, the flat may be really cold but she won?t turn the heating on. The children may become really ill and get phenomena or really bad colds.

    • Word count: 1091
  12. Applied Psychology Perspectives for Health & Social Care

    Fear is a form of anxiety that is triggered by a situation or an object. Every individual has a phobia of something; also to know what it?s like to be afraid in certain situations and change our behaviour accordingly. For example- There are three types of phobias: 1. Social phobias?fear of social situations. 2. Agoraphobia?fear of being trapped in an inescapable place or situation. 3. Specific phobias?fear of a specific object (such as snakes). There are four major types of specific phobias: 1. The natural environment?fear of lightening, water, storms, etc. 2. Animal?fear of snakes, rodents, spiders, etc.

    • Word count: 2032
  13. In this assignment I am going to write about the cardiovascular and digestive systems relation with metabolism energy in the body

    There are various different types of energy forms found in the body, like heat energy which is changed in the body, from other heat energy forms like chemical energy which is used for work. The heat energy provides the energy feel cold or warm up the body, for example, sweat is produced when a person jogs because the body gets hot due to blood is circulated around the body faster than usual, sweat is needs to cool off. The most of the important energy in the body is supplied by ATP energy source, which in the body?s cells like mitochondria.

    • Word count: 2064
  14. How should Professionals respond to children that are suspected to be abused?

    If the child excludes themselves then this shows that they have things on their mind which are bothering them, and that they have emotional problems. If they are emotionally being abused their self-confidence may be affected which can result in them being depressed. Signs of depression can vary from the way the child holds themselves = walks around all slump looking at the floor, avoids eye contact etc, to, the way in which they produce pieces of work etc they could write a angry, sad suicidal story for their English work.

    • Word count: 1398
  15. Unit 5 Questions - Working with Children, Reflective Practice,Health and Safety

    Every setting should have a policy which clarifies what parent partnership means to them. Practitioners need to understand their responsibilities. Practitioners in professional relationships have to share responsibility to meet needs of children, create a sense of belonging, balance their weakness with others strengths, be responsible for their own actions and be positive role models and work with each other to help benefit children. Communication is essential for maintaining professional relationships because practitioners are keeping the people that need to be, informed and involved for the benefit of the child. A may be parent worried about an issue concerning the setting or the child, by talking with them about the issue and reassuring them, they will feel a lot more secure.

    • Word count: 2652
  16. Outline current legislation, guidelines policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people.

    The ISA - Independent Safeguarding Authority is the organisational body charged with the responsibility to check the suitability of those wanting to work with children & young people. Individual settings operational policies will vary in their titled names and content, they may take the form of: Safeguarding Employment & induction Health and safety Child protection Explain child protection within the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people Safeguarding is an umbrella term that involves everything we do in the setting to ensure children are kept safe and healthy.

    • Word count: 13052
  17. Unit 2. level 2 Developing children and Time Sampling

    children expresses anger verbally rather than physically. According to kate beith eal (2002,231) ?children are increasingly able to plan and carry out activates. They also need to lean about their gender-role-similar to freud?s phallic stage D2 The expected social stage of development for a five year old is, he or she is very co-operative. Engages in conversation, A 5 year old can speak clearly and use different connectives properly in a sentence. According to Middleton cn (2012)?Children want to belong to a group and also choose their own special friends?According to http://www.greatschools.org/ ?At the age of five years old children distinguishes right from wrong, honest from dishonest, but does not recognize intent? Children at the age of fi9be become less concerned with adult approval and more with peer approval.

    • Word count: 1788
  18. Health and Social care involves a lot of formal communication.

    Communication eases anxiety of the patient and is vital to reassure them; more over it can also boost an individual?s self-esteem and advantage their personal well-being. Group communication takes place between a small or even large group of people, it can be complex or even simple; this is influenced by the amount of individuals involved. The conversation could be about an issue, idea or complication that is being either argued or agreed upon. If conversing in a large group there is the likelihood that people may become a distraction and start their own conversation with another individual.

    • Word count: 1816
  19. Supporting Children - this includes Legislations on working practices with children, Strategies to promote the children, Policies & Procedures of safeguarding the children

    All the staff follow to health and safety procedures and practise at all times. The Nursery manager has overall responsibility of health and safety. The staffs at HCT are permitted to letting themselves into the nursery with a key fob, parents, students and visitors ring a bell for entry. ?We ask parents to refrain from opening the door to anyone else even if they think they know the person?. Parents have to sign on the classroom signing in form the time they drop and pick their children at the nursery.

    • Word count: 4834
  20. Explain patterns and trends of health and illness among different social groupings.

    They may see themselves to be: British, Asian, Indian, Punjabi and Glaswegian at different times and in different circumstances. Ethnic health inequalities large extent surveys reminiscent of the Health Survey for England exhibit that Black and minority ethnic groups (BME) as a whole are expected to account ill health. Among the BME this begins at a younger age than the White British. There is more deviation in the rates of some diseases by ethnicity than other socio-economic factors. On the other hand, patterns of ethnic variation in health are particularly diverse, and inter-link with a lot of overlapping factors: 1.

    • Word count: 967
  21. unit 2 Multiculturalism and Discrimination in Healthcare.

    1950-60?s Asians from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh 1970?s East African, Asians and Vietnamese 1980?s Eastern European refugees from former Yugoslavia and other war torn states Source: www.britishcouncil.org/language assistant/ The British population is made up of the following ethnic groups: ? White 53,074,000 (includes Irish, Polish, Italian etc) ? Black Caribbean 490,000 ? Black African 376,000 ? Black other 308,000 ? Indian 930,000 ? Pakistani 663,000 ? Bangladeshi 268,000 ? Chinese 137,000 ? Other Asian 209,000 (includes Vietnamese, Malaysian and Thai)

    • Word count: 1493
  22. Child Development Theories and Education.

    Although the brain stores this information, if not frequently used the information which is in the synapse are lost, and only the frequently used synapse are maintained. Although if information is lost up to the age of ten years old the brain will remain flexible and any lost information has a possibility of been retrieved. It is a fact that in the first three years of a child?s life they can learn new and understand languages more clearly than any other time throughout their life.

    • Word count: 5303
  23. Health and social care - the effect of environmental factors like poor housing

    Children living in damp and overcrowded housing may be unhygienic and will be at a high-risk of illnesses and infections. Infections and can be spread through things as little as breathing, if living in an overcrowded house meant sparing beds, then the risk of catching an infection and the majority of the house hold catching the infection is very high. Increasing the risks of meningitis, asthma (due to the damp conditions) and slow growth which is linked to coramy heart disease.

    • Word count: 768
  24. Communication for Health Work

    Squarely face the person 2. Open your posture 3. Lean towards the sender 4. Eye contact maintained 5. Relax while attending (Wiki Answers, 2012) Passive listening is the opposite of actively listening. Passive is defined as ?not involving visible reaction or active participation? (Dictionary.com, 2009) Passive listening is one way communication in which the recipient does not give feedback or ask questions. When someone is passive listening although they are present their mind is elsewhere. For example when someone is talking about their day or a holiday that doesn?t appeal to the other they may just let them talk rather than being verbally rude, however they are probably doing their shopping list in their mind at the time of conversation or thinking about problems at work and so on.

    • Word count: 4824
  25. I am going to evaluate how nature and nurture may affect the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for two of the development of an individual.

    A different physical impact of nature on adolescence could be for girls who have Apert Syndrome. Their growths as well as development are also affected leading to infertility. This nature effects development for the reason that women?s reproductive health covers diseases as well as conditions that affect the female reproductive system that affects the uterus, cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes as well as breasts. Women with this disability may not be able to give birth. Another nature that effects development is spina bifda, for the reason that they may have paralyzed legs and therefore will be using a wheelchair for the reason that they will be not be capable to walk properly and some can?t walk at all.

    • Word count: 1435

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