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A Study in HIV/AIDS

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HIV/AIDS What is HIV / AIDS? Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS, is the final, life-threatening stage of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, which is transmitted from person to person sexually, through contact with blood (mainly via equipment used to inject illicit drugs and, rarely, via medical uses of blood), and perinatally (from mother to foetus or newborn during pregnancy, labour, and delivery, or after birth through breast-feeding). Spatial Patterns People Living With AIDS (2006) Regions Estimate Australia & New Zealand 15,000 Caribbean 420,000 East Asia & Pacific 1,000,000 Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1,000,000 Latin America 1,500,000 North Africa & Middle East 500,000 North America 950,000 South & Southeast Asia 5,600,000 Sub-Saharan African 28,500,000 Western Europe 550,000 Global total 40,000,000+ From the map and the table, we can see that the prevalence of AIDS isn't evenly or randomly spread around the world, but has certain patterns. It is more common in third world countries, especially India, Africa and South American countries. Although 2/3rd of the world's AIDS patients are in Africa, there is a wide variation in Africa itself, from below 10,000 in Tunisia and Morocco, to 5 million in South Africa. ...read more.


Illness in a family usually leads to loss of income. This may be because a breadwinner dies or is too sick to work, or because a family member leaves work to care for the sick relative. At the same time, household spending increases because money and time is spent on caring for the sick family member. Young girls may drop out of school to tend to ailing parents, look after household duties or care for younger siblings. When their partners or fathers die of AIDS, women may be left without land, housing or other assets. For example, in a Ugandan survey, one in four widows reported their property was seized after their partner died. A woman may also be prevented from using her property or inheritance for her family's benefit. Economic Consequences in Companies Demographic Impacts The population structure of badly-hit countries can change drastically due to deaths caused by AIDS. As seen from the population structure models above, the hardest ages are below 5, and in the middle-aged, economically active region. This is because most adults get infected and die about 10-15 years into their sexually-active age. ...read more.


prevention techniques o The society must not ostracize these patients, but instead understand their difficulties and do every bit to help them Many international and national committees and NGOs also have been formed to aid research and support for HIV patients, like the International Partnership Against HIV/AIDS in Africa (IPAA). Although there is no cure or vaccine for AIDS, many drugs are also being created to prolong life in AIDS patients and to improve their life while they are alive and infected, such as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), and Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP). Although these measures have helped a bit, there is a lot that needs to be done. These drugs help reduce the sufferings of the infected people, but there still isn't any drug that will actually prevent AIDS or cure it. The disease is still spreading despite all the education given to the people, and infected patients still live bad lives, usually facing distaste and ostracism from others. The fact is, the number of AIDS patients worldwide is still increasing, and although possible vaccines are on the horizon, we are a long way away from eradicating AIDS altogether, we're barely able to curb it right now. ...read more.

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