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a01 an investigation into mental health

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A01 An Investigation into the types and causes of Mental Health I will be investigating into 3 different types of mental health illnesses and their causes. An overview of the types and causes of Mental Health Illnesses The awareness of mental health issues have raised over the years, previously majority of people did not understand all mental health issues. Mental health issues can be minor as well as serious either way each mental health problem will affect an individual negatively. Some of the disorders include; Alzheimer's, depressive illnesses, generalised anxiety disorders, Schizophrenia, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders and also phobias. There can be many causes for the mental health problem some causes are unknown or not clear. There are different influences for each individual, which can trigger a mental health problem. Physical influences such as giving birth can impact and trigger postnatal depression. The societal influences depend on the society the individual is part of this could mean drug-related disorders, unemployment or social deprivation to be a possible causation of a particular mental health problem. Genetic influences are when a genetic disorder has been passed down from parent to child; they tend to cause mental health problems with personality/perception disorders. Environmental influences such as stress from looking after a child with challenging behaviour in a high-rise flat could be the causation of depression, as being in this situation can mean that it would be difficult to go outside to have fresh air and relax. There can be many reasons and a cause for an individual gaining a mental health issue this usually depends on all these influences as well as the individual themselves. Some individuals may be able to control stress issues a lot better than others and therefore, would not reach the stage of having a mental health issue. Multitude causes There does not have to be one particular cause of a mental health problem it is also common to have multiple causes. ...read more.

Middle

People with autism can also have obsessions, the obsession can be anything and it is dependent on the autistic individual him/herself. Causes There is no definite knowledge of what causes autism, however there are possible causes. Most people believe that autistic individuals are born with it and that the symptoms would have been there before the age of three. However other people believe that autism can be obtained later on in life. There is quite a bit of evidence to suggest that Autism is genetic as it usually runs in the family. Other possible causes include: Viral infections in the womb, drugs used in pregnancy/childbirth, birth injury, environmental toxins, vaccines, measles, food intolerances/allergies, chronic yeast infections, meningitis as well as mercury poising. The causes of Autism can be due to multiple causes however it is unclear what causes autism. Treatment- Health Needs (PIES) There is no cure for autism but there are various health needs that can be provided for an autistic individual to help them. Autism affects each individual differently therefore it is difficult to say exactly what help and in what area of their development autistic people will need. Some autistic individuals are capable of living independently once they have been taught how to. However, others will find it almost impossible to live independently. In most autistic people more than one treatment method is most effective. Physical Needs: In order to help autistic people to cope with sensory stimulation, sensory integration therapy is usually used. This treatment is when the patients are given various textured materials or different sounds to listen to. Intellectual needs: Communication therapy is used on autistic children who cannot communicate verbally or start the use of language. Speech therapy is used to help the individuals begin to use verbal communication. Picture exchange communication systems are a treatment method used to help autistic individuals communicate via the use of pictures, which represent something. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is often that they will feel anxiety and find it difficult to relax. Panic attacks can also be a problem; this is caused when the mother feels as though something awful is going to happen i.e. a heart attack or stroke, the panic attack tends to last about 7 minutes. Mothers with PSD tend to have a lack of self-esteem and feel worthless as they think they cannot cope with looking after their baby. They may also experience thoughts of suicide quite often as they think they cannot get away from their problems. In the most sever and rare cases of postnatal psychosis a mother will harm her baby because she is being delusion, as she may believe that her child is severely ill and therefore kill the baby and herself, as she will believe that it is best for both of them. Causes: Postnatal depression is common in women after childbirth. There is no known causation for postnatal depression. However, some suspected reasons are because of hormonal changes, stress of looking after a young baby and having sleep patterns changed. Postnatal depression is most likely to occur on women who have previously suffered from normal depression. Also those who have a family history of depression are likely to have PSD. Women who have suffered from a serious mental illness are likely to have postnatal psychosis. Treatments: Talking about the problem to a health visitor can treat postnatal depression. Also having extra support when looking after the baby can mean that the mother feels more at rest. Antidepressants are at times necessary, however some can be a problem for breast-feeding therefore, only some antidepressants can be used on the mother. Treatments for those with postnatal psychosis consist of talking to a psychiatrist. Physical need: Sleep, antidepressants Intellectual need: Understanding their illness and being aware of what they need to do. Emotional need: Talk Social need: Have time with partner Below is an article on postnatal depression: 1 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/34047713/ns/health-mental_health/ 2 http://blogs.independent.co.uk/2011/01/14/the-idiots-guide-to-anorexia/ ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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