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Alcoholism - the effects.

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Alcoholism Alcoholism can be defined as a progressive and chronic disease involving compulsive drinking of alcoholic beverages. An alcoholic will continue to consume alcohol despite the harmful effects it has on himself/herself. These harmful effects may be physical, psychological, or social. Researchers are not certain what causes alcoholism but what they do know is that contrary to popular belief, unhappiness and mental illness are rarely the cause. There is strong evidence that the disease is inherited. A family history of alcoholism is a great issue. There are two primary patterns of alcoholic drinking. There is the steady drinker who on a daily basis consumes large amounts of alcohol but rarely becomes drunk. Then there is the periodic drinker who does not drink daily but will go on binges. These patterns of alcoholic drinking often develop into one another. Eventually, alcoholics drink because their central nervous system has become dependant on alcohol. Once this happens, the alcoholic will be unable to plan when they wish to begin or stop drinking. When one drinks excessively, the alcohol is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and is distributed throughout the entire body. It will affect nearly every tissue, but primarily the central nervous system. ...read more.


They usually suffer from smaller heads, deformed facial features, abnormal joints and limbs, poor coordination, problems with learning and short memories. The picture to the left compares a "normal" brain of a six-week-old baby (left) to a six-week-old baby's brain with FAS (right). People with FAS often experience mental health problems, disrupted school experience, inappropriate sexual behavior, trouble with the law, alcohol and drug problems, homelessness, and difficulty in caring for themselves and any children. There is absolutely no evidence that light drinking, even on a daily basis, leads to FAS. Most women who are light or moderate drinkers choose not to drink during pregnancy. Frequent heavy drinkers tend to be the real problem. These are the alcoholics consuming heavily on a daily basis throughout their pregnancies. Women who give birth to FAS children usually smoke, use illegal drugs, are frequently malnourished, and rarely receive proper medical care during pregnancy. Studies show that drinking during pregnancy has not declined among these women over time. Is there a safe level of alcohol consumption for pregnant women? 400,000 American women were involved in a recent study conducted by The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Each woman had consumed alcohol during pregnancy and not a single case of FAS occurred when consumption was under 8.5 drinks per week. ...read more.


30.0%) Students are more likely to consume alcohol as they get older and as a greater proportion of their friends use alcohol. Students with an average of less than 60% on their course work at school are more likely to consume alcohol than are students with a higher average (75.9% vs. 55.3%). In the course of a month... One third of students have five or more drinks at a sitting on at least one occasion. 31.2% of students got drunk once or twice. More males than females consumed five or more drinks in a sitting (36.2% vs. 29.8%). Males and females are equally likely to be drunk at least once. Consuming five or more drinks at a sitting and being drunk increases with age. Alcohol and Driving 7.8% of students drive a motor vehicle within an hour of consuming two or more drinks of alcohol. Males are twice as likely as females to drive after drinking (10.9% vs. 4.7%) Students are more likely to drive after drinking as they get older. 27.3% of students are passengers in a motor vehicle with a driver who had too much to drink. The percentage of students who are passengers with an impaired driver increases with age. Has claimed 15,000 lives in the course of a year. Crashes happen more often in the summer than winter. One person dies every 17 minutes. ...read more.

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