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An explanation of the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years.

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´╗┐An explanation of the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. Physical The first month Gross motor skills The baby will lie on its back and cannot support his or her own head, if the baby puts on its tummy it will turn its head to the side and by one month old the baby can lift its head. Fine motor skills The baby is attracted to light and shiny objects and is interested in the human face, the baby?s hands will be clenched, and by one month the baby reacts to certain music, the baby turns his her head towards the light and stares at bright or shiny objects, The baby is fascinated by human faces and gazes attentively at carers face when fed or held Communication and language development The baby is responsive to language from birth and the baby responds to the mothers voice and the family?s voice, and the baby makes eye contact and communicates by crying that they are hungry or wants there nappy change so the baby has a conversation in one form. Intellectual development Babies are sensitivity to touch and they have the startle response known as the moro reflex. The new born baby will respond to sound and the human voice is the first sound that the baby responds to. The baby has a preference for sweet tastes in order that it likes breast milk. The baby smells breast milk. The baby is tuned in to the human face and the baby can focus on objects Emotional and social development: The baby?s first smile is about 5 to six week. A baby smiles in response to the carer, the baby often imitates certain facial expressions, the baby uses total body movements to express pleasure at bath time of when being fed, the baby enjoys feeing and cuddling, the baby can learn that he is separate from the month One to four months Physical development Gross motor skills From four ...read more.


and dots with the hand it likes to use best, the child can pick up very small objects using a fine pincer grasp, the child can build a tower of six or more bricks and can stay concentrated at this activity for a longer period of time. Communication and language development The child is becoming more able to speak there language, the child talks about objects that aren?t there , they begin to use phrases, they name things and what they do, they follow instructions and questions e.g. could you bring me the teddy? The child wants to share songs rhymes. Intellectual development The child has a longer memory, the child understands cause and effect, Emotional and social development The child tends to act without thought and is interested about the environment, when adults stimulate ideas, the child gets frustrated when unable to express how he or she is feeling, the child can dress and use the toilet by himself, and the child begins to play with other children. Three years Physical development Gross motor skills The child can jump from a step that?s not very high, the child can walk backwards and sideways, the child can stand on one foot and on tiptoe, the child can ride a bike with pedal, the child can walk upstairs with one foot on each step Gross motor skills The child can build a big tower of bricks, the child uses the dynamic tripod grasp, the child paints with a large paintbrush , the child can use scissors to cut paper, the child can copy shapes such as a circle. Communication language development The child begins to use pronouns, plurals, adjectives, possessives, time words, tenses and sentences, the child may stutter and become frustrated when can?t say a word. Intellectual development The child takes part in games, the child presents an image of an event through a drawing, the child becomes more amazed by cause and effect, the child knows lots of colours such as yellow, blue red and pink. ...read more.


their memory processes for example being able to explain what plan of action you use when trying to remember things, they start to think about matters that normally human beings have such as morality, religion and politics., they start to use their imagination when solving problems. Emotional and social development The young person may become anxious and self-conscious about the physical growth like being too fat or too tall, the young person starts to know about his sexuality, the young person can have mood swings , they can become moody, the young person wants to become more involved with friends and be less around his or her parents for emotional support. Moral development The first year They have a sense of self and value people, who are loved by them, One to three years They have a strongly developed moral sense. They know what hurts and upsets the people close to them, and they know what they love and don?t like. When doing pretend play and through hearing others talking to them about how people behave , upset and be comforting to each other, the start to learn about how people feel. Three to eight years Through the care and support of their family and key persons, and friends, children become more helpful and fair, they know what?s right and wrong, and know it?s not right to hurt someone emotionally by saying mean things. Eight to eleven years By now children carry on thinking that adult rules must be abided by and respected. They know the difference between fantasy and reality. By ten or eleven years they understand that some rules can be changed by agreement, they begin to argue with the parents more, justice, right and wrong, good versus evil, beauty and nature, these concepts become more abstract. Twelve to nineteen years They start to think more about other people more and understand people?s feelings and pint of view, they start to challenge their parents and carers with their own ideas and values. ...read more.

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