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Analyse the factors that can support or inhibit effective communication.

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1.2? Analyse the factors that can support or inhibit effective communication. We all communicate continuously the figure below shows how the communication cycle occurs: 1. A person has an idea 2. They code their message 3. They send their message to someone else 4. A second person then receives the message 5. The second person decoded the message 6. The message is understood Once the message has been understood the cycle will be repeated if the second person responds. Repetitions of the communication cycle are essential every time we have a conversation (www/resources.collins.co.uk). A number of factors can affect a client?s ability to communicate effectively because they prevent or interfere with a person?s ability to send receive or understand a message. Sensory Deprivation and Disability Care workers should be alert to the additional communication needs of clients with sensory impairments and disabilities. When communicating with a client who has a visual impairment they may focus on your voice so it is important to use a different tone and pitch when verbally communicating as this aids the client to understand your emotion though the tone of your voice (UK Distance Learning, Page 42). Physical barriers Physical barriers are often because of the environment: * Staff being located in different buildings or on different sites as facilitating care plans require input from all professionals involved * Staff shortages * Background noise, clients using hearing aids will pick up an increased volume in the background noise * Poor lighting or an environment which is too hot or cold can all affect people's morale and concentration * Not being able to see the non-verbal cues, gestures, posture and general body language System Design ?System design faults refer to problems within the structure or system in place within an organization (www.en.wikipedia.org)?. Examples might include an organizational structure which is unclear and therefore makes it confusing to know whom to communicate with. ...read more.


Translators must also translate the meaning of the message not just the words being used as there may not be an equivalent phrase or word in another language or sign language (UK Distance Learning, Page 17). Presentation of information is important to understanding. Care workers must consider the clients before making the presentation itself and try to simplify their vocabulary so that the clients will be able understand. Ambiguity of words sounding the same but having different meaning can convey a different meaning altogether. Hence the communicator must ensure that the client receives the same meaning. It is better if such words are avoided by using alternatives whenever possible. Aphasia is a disorder that impairs a client?s ability to speak and understand others but does not affect a client?s intelligence, this can be distressing for a client as they can struggle to follow a conversation and severity of the condition can vary greatly (UK Distance Learning, Page 43). Physiological and Emotional These may result from individuals' personal discomfort, caused by ill health, poor eyesight or hearing difficulties. Some people may find it difficult to express their emotions and some topics may be completely 'off-limits' or taboo. Cultural Differences The norms of social interaction vary greatly in different cultures, as do the way in which emotions are expressed. For example, the concept of personal space varies between cultures and between different social settings. Care workers should provide care that is sensitive to the client?s needs with clarity and support the client to self-advocate by aiding the client to express their views and opinions in order to make effective changes: * Offer continuity of care, staff need to effectively hand over information to new staff starting shifts regarding incidences and any events, changes in medication or care plans. * Sharing accurate information within a multi-disciplinary team so all staff are aware of any changes. * Staff development ? staff may need to transmit to new workers information on policies and procedures to ensure a good quality of care and service is maintained. ...read more.


It is also possible that the client may be talking about personal issues and so may speak in a lower or quieter tone of voice. In addition care workers may want to convey a message in a lower or quieter tone of voice if seated in a public environment. 1. E - Eye contact Eye contact is important as this demonstrates that care workers are interested and focused on the message that the client is conveying. Care workers can also develop a sense of the person?s emotional state by making eye contact, therefore, enabling you to judge the extent to which the client may be experiencing difficulty. 1. R - Relaxed body language It is important to have a relaxed body language as this conveys to the client using the service that you are not in a rush. This will enable them to develop their responses to questions in their own time. Benefits to clients by using SOLER: * Client will feel empowered to make decisions because they feel that they are being listened to. * Client will develop a close relationship with the practitioner and feel that they care, which will make them feel less vulnerable. * Client is more likely to have a speedy recovery from illness if they have a positive relationship with their care workers and can identify any issues that they experience. * Client will feel more positive about asking for help if they feel that they will receive it in a non-judgemental and productive manner. Benefits to a care worker by using SOLER: * Care worker will understand the needs of the person using the service. * Care worker will effectively address the needs of the person using the service and review care plans more efficiently. * Care worker can ask the client using the service to elaborate on concerns that they may have, this may enable the care worker and client using the service to develop a more meaningful relationship. * Health and Social Care Level 3 ...read more.

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