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Attitudes towards health questionnaire evaluation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Concepts - These items were intended to find out about the respondents different concepts of health. The different definitions are positive, holistic and negative, and I had a wide variety of responses from the respondents. I later analyzed these findings to see if their concepts were consistent across the board and also how they affected their attitude towards health. For example having a negative concept may mean the person is less likely to actively look after themselves e.g. visiting the GP or exercising. Item 5: What is your definition of health? Figure 1 50% of my respondents gave a positive definition of health; a frequent comment was 'keeping physically fit' which explains why 80% of the respondents also rated regular exercise as the most important factor in their health. Those who nearly equally a positive definition of health were equally spread over the age ranges and gender. 100% of the respondents who had a negative view of health were male and in either 16-25 or 26-35 age range. A representative response from this category was 'If I don't feel unwell'. Their views on which factors are most important to them are contradictory however to their definitions of health. 100% of them having positive factors as the most important and negative ones such as 'not smoking' in their bottom three. This suggests that they may have over simplified their response, or differentiate between factors affecting health and the definition of it. One problem that occurred with this item was the overlapping of the concepts. 20% of the respondents gave a definition that fitted at least two of the concepts. Respondent 1 said 'By keeping fit and healthy I don't feel unwell'. This is both a positive and negative concept, as it draws the aspect of actively looking after themselves as well as the absence of illness. I chose to put the respondent 1 in the positive category when collating the data, as I believed they put more emphasis on the positive concept. ...read more.

Middle

Unfortunately by using a closed question I was unable to ask the respondents the reasoning behind their agreeability and can only assume from their concepts and attitudes in previous items. (1) http://www.direct.gov.uk (27) 'AQA AS Health and Social Care' Eating Sensibly - Eating sensibly is allowing for growth by energy intake balancing energy output and including all the correct micronutrients and macronutrients they need (27). A balanced diet is an important factor in both exercise and controlling weight according to the government. This is because it burns fat, improves muscle tone and provides the body with the correct nutrients to function the metabolism (20). The following items were intended to asses the respondents ability to define what a balanced diet, if they maintain one and also the other interlinking factors impact on maintaining a balanced diet. Eating sensibly includes the correct proportions of macronutrients: * Protein - This nutrient is important to promote muscles, skin, hair and nail growth and development. * Fat - A source of energy for the body * Carbohydrates - Provides energy to the body, typically the brain and nervous system. The correct proportion of Micronutrients: * Vitamins - Antioxidant qualities help prevent disease * Minerals - Support the function of vitamins in the body As well as: water intake that can clearing toxins and keeping the organs healthy All of these dietary requirements should be sufficient enough to meet the needs of the individual, in turn positively affecting their well-being and health (2). (20) Nhlbi.gov.uk (27) 'AQA AS Health and Social Care' (2) http://www.nhs.uk Item 12: What is a balanced diet? 100% of the respondents gave an answer similar to the proper definition: Eating the correct proportions of the 5 food groups (2). For example respondent 8 said: 'Consuming the right amount of each food group regularly'. This item shows that 100% of the respondents were competent to judge the effect of their lifestyle on their weight in item 14: 'How could you improve your diet?' ...read more.

Conclusion

Exercise - Regular exercise is physically maintaining strength, stamina and suppleness. It is an evolutionary adaption to keep the body in working order through frequent and prolonged activity. Exercising is important to prevent diseases such as obesity, heart disease, diabetes, joint damage, hernias, strokes and circulatory problems, as well as boost the immune system and improve mental health (28). These items were intended to assess the respondents exercise patterns in terms of hours per week and intensity of activities. Exercise linked well with balanced diet and weight monitoring so I also tried to explore the relationship between them. (28) www.nlm.nih.gov Item 28: How many hours of exercise do you do a week? Figure 9 The recommended amount of exercise per week is 3 1/2 hours. This is advised to be spread over the week, so 7 x 30 minutes (8). This can be from swimming to karate - as long as it keeps the body active. A common activity was running, this might be due to it being free and easy to do (23). Only 20% of the respondents managed to meet this target. However if I had worded the item differently in a measure of minutes, I may have gained a more accurate result, as some respondents who did meet the 3 1/2 targets may have rounded down to 3 hours. Of the 80% who failed to meet the target, only 1 of them managed to correctly identify the risks of under exercising in item 30. By being unaware of the health risks such as high blood pressure (9), they may fail to visit the GP regularly to check on blood pressure and other health problems caused by under exercising, which can be picked up and treated early. Exercise is also known to affect psychological well-being (26). This is part of the holistic concept of health, and if I had created another item as to the reasons behind the stated amount of exercise, I would have been able to see if having a holistic concept of health affected a person's level of exercise. (8) www.nhs.uk (9) www.netdoctor.co.uk (23) worldofhealthandleisure.co.uk (26) www.mentalhelp.net ...read more.

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