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Bowlbys theory of attachment had a major influence on practice and has now been developed into the key person within settings. A key person was developed so that babies and young children can make the transition of their attachment from primary ca

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Introduction

John Bowlby John Bowlby developed the attachment theory. This recognizes the importance of emotional ties with the primary care giver (the mother) and adults that stand in for care givers such as childcare practitioner's child minders and teachers. A baby/child needs to feel attached that there is someone who is able to meet their emotional needs and physical needs. If this relationship is established a baby/child will feel emotionally secure. 'Bowlby believed that the earliest bonds formed by children with their caregivers have a tremendous impact that continues throughout life. According to Bowlby, attachment also serves to keep the infant close to the mother, thus improving the child's chances of survival.' (http://psychology.about.com/od/loveandattraction/a/attachment01.htm) Albert Bandura 'Albert Bandura is well regarded for his Social Cognitive Theory. It is a learning theory based on the ideas that people learn by watching what others do, and that human thought processes are central to understanding personality. ...read more.

Middle

When settling in a child to a new setting, practitioners have a transition or settling in plan they follow, this includes, making sure the child visits the setting and meets the new teacher before actually joining the setting, and this will ensure that the child is happy in their new setting. The setting may give the parent a copy of its daily schedule so that the child can see what things they may be doing in the day so the parent can then incorporate it into their routine to get used to it. The practitioners will talk to the parent to learn things about the child e.g likes, dislikes, allergies, routines, background information. This will then help the practitioner ensure that they set out games that the child might like to do when they're at home. Practitioners may follow the Reggio Emilia approach, by creating an enabling environment. The child will then feel more comfortable whilst in the setting, therefore will not realise that he has left his mother/father. ...read more.

Conclusion

Keeping them busy would help them, and as the key worker you must ensure that the parent is informed about this and tell the parent what you have done with the child to help them through being distressed. The key person will know most about the child and act as a link with the parents because when a child goes into a new setting they will not have a feeling of safety and security so it is important that the key worker ensures that the child is safe. As the parent is not in the setting with the child, you as a key worker should ensure that you watch the child closely and inform the parent if anything unusual or different has been happening. The parent trusts you as the key worker because they are making sure that you are the one who makes sure that their child is looked after correctly, and as the parent cannot be with their child all the time you must act as a link with the parent. ...read more.

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