BTEC Childcare Unit 2: Positive Environments
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BTEC National Diploma in CHILDREN'S CARE, LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT UNIT 2: Positive Environments for Children's Care, Learning and Development Task 1: P1 Law Information How this applies to my placement (M1) Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 This act states that overall health and safety is in the responsibility of the employees as well as the employer, so everyone in the setting is partly responsible for the health and safety of anyone who is there. HASAWA states that if five or more staff are employed then there must be a safety policy in place. This policy contains procedures, which all staff are familiar with, that are in place for emergencies such as fires, accidents and stranger danger. Risk assessments are carried out throughout the whole school which must state how risks can be minimised. Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 The Manual Handling Operations Regulations state that it the duty of the employer and employees to not lift anything that may cause harm to whoever is lifting the object. If there is need to pick up a child in placement as well as equipment, it must be done in the correct way as incorrect lifting can result in back and limb injuries.
There is a practice fire evacuation half termly in order to ensure that all staff and children know what to do in the event of a fire. During this, all the children are told to calmly stand up and get out of the classroom onto the route which leads down to the playground. Once on the playground, a register is taken by all classes, and also with the visitor and staff signing in books and whoever is not on the playground is noted by the teacher who tells the head teacher. This ensures that all children, visitors, contractors and staff are accounted for in the event of a real fire. Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) RIDDOR requires that all places of work state to the appropriate authority any incidents that have involved injuries, diseases, deaths and "dangerous occurrences". RIDDOR states that there must be an accident book in all settings for both adults and children. Any major incidences, even if it does not cause injuries, must be reported to the authority. D1 Legislation, policies and procedures in a childcare setting are put in place to ensure the safety of all childcare workers, children, visitors and contractors in order to establish and maintain a healthy, safe and secure environment.
First aid regulations keep the setting legally safe because legally there must be at least one full time member of staff who can perform first aid in the setting. In some settings, all childcare workers whether it is a teacher, assistant or a child minder, will have a valid first aid certificate. There is usually a person who accidents are reported to and is then logged by this person. There are legal documents approved by the government such as child protection and every child matters, which keeps all childcare settings legally safe and secure as well as giving the settings guidance for how to deal with certain cases. Confidentiality is vital as it keeps the setting safe because the information is only shared between the school and appropriate authority. This is because all children need to be safe and secure. Electricity at work regulations keep the setting and the children safe as the childcare setting must, by law, have a yearly check on all electrical equipment. If equipment isn't tested then the setting may be causing themselves a risk of causing an electrical fire or having someone electrocuted by the appliance. The engineer puts a sticker on each electrical appliance stating when it has been checked in order to keep the setting safe.
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