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Cache Unit 1 An Introduction To Working With Children - Relevant legislation and the Child Centred approach.

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Unit 1 An Introduction to working with Children E1/E2. In the early years of a child's life, they tend to learn and grow at different levels. In order to assure child is treated equal, teachers, child-minders, key workers, and teacher assistants must establish the child's preferred learning styles. In order to validate all children are supplied with an education from the age of 5 - 16 public schools are free to all families. The statutory sector which is funded by the Government includes public schools, police stations, hospitals, and social workers. The statutory sector, guarantees that all public citizens are provided with free healthcare, education, and safety. Penair Comprehensive is open to the public, and supplies a ''caring learning environment where everyone is valued for who they are and what they may become.'' Penair also claims to make sure all parents and students are informed with as much information as possible (http://www.penair.cornwall.sch.uk/). The Voluntary sector is a collection of social activity which is embarked by non-profitable organizations. Their offers include, encouraging help, religion, caring and helping children, and education, most workers volunteer, some are paid. The National Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) which are a charity that campaign and work in child protection. The NSPCC aim ''help children that are abused by providing child line and the NSPCC helpline''. The Private Sector is part of the national iceman, which isn't controlled by the Government. This sector includes Private Schools, solicitors, and nurseries, people pay to use this service. ...read more.


Another professional skill is to be a good communicator, in order to communicate properly with a child you must talk to them at their level of understanding. You cannot use vocabulary that they will not understand; some children may have English as their second language. So they will need pictures with words to help them communicate with you. Some children may have sensory difficulties such as a hearing impairment. This learning difficulty can be addressed by a hearing aid. In some cases the child may need to go to a specialist school, where sign language or makaton (another type of sign language) will be used. Another form of communicating would be lip reading, this helps to compensate for not hearing properly. Therefore we need to speak clearly and allow the person to have a clear view of the person talking. Children with sight impairment will need to wear glasses when needed. It also effects where the child is sat, if they cannot see the board very well then they should be moved closer to the front, but without making them feel an outcast from the rest of the children. ''The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is a term defined in Section 39 of the British government's Childcare Act 2006.'' (1) The EYFS have four principles: A Unique Child - Every child is different from another child; they will learn and mature differently. Positive Relationships - Children will learn positively with a good based relationship around them. ...read more.


If a child misbehaves in a setting, the practitioner cannot spend all their attention on this child as the other children will feel isolated and unwanted. Working in a setting, practitioners will feel more attached to vary children either some behave better, or the practitioner may know the child. Although the practitioner has more of a connection with this child, they cannot let this show; the practitioner cannot pick up and cuddle this child as the parent/carer would not like this relationship. Every child matters, and should be treated the same with care, respect, boundaries and education. A. The importance of a child cantered approach in early year's settings is that the child is considered more important than anyone else. Each child is an individual and should be treated with respect; they also approach at different levels of learning and have their own preferred learning style. The child has the zone of actual development, what they can do for themselves. The zone of proximal development by a Soviet psychologist and social constructivist Lev Vygotsky states that a child follows the example of an adult and gradually learns to do things for themselves (http://starfsfolk.khi.is/solrunb/vygotsky.htm). Development of a child consists of help from an adult which eventually decreases as the child learns to tend for themselves. If a child finds it hard to run as fast other children the practitioner would help them by letting them have a head start, although over a period of time the child would develop skills by learning and run as fast. This is described as 'scaffolding' by Lev Vygotsky. (http://starfsfolk.khi.is/solrunb/vygotsky.htm) ...read more.

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