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care practice and provision

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Introduction

Unit 10-Charlottes work A01 Care, practice and provision Services, which the PCT's provide depend on what the general publics needs, are. The service Organisations such as NHS and Social services use information from national targets and priorities such as the new smoking ban and also from local population needs, gathered from demographics from that area. That information is then weighed up taking into consideration where the information has come from so as they can determine what services to buy. A plan is then made to organise services, set local targets and to buy services with the money provided by Tax. The people who produce the plan are the called the stakeholders, these are statutory government funded organisations such as the NHS and the social services. There are four types of services, these being; 1. Public a. This is statutory and owned by the public e.g. NHS 2. Private a. This is privately owned and is out to make a profit e.g. Nurseries 3. Voluntary a. This is where people will voluntarily work for health and social care organisations e.g. charities 4. Informal a. Informal services will be those who are not paid e.g. families who look after ill relatives. They will then use the information collected by the local population demographics, determined through categories such as age, disability, unemployment, single parent, elderly or youth related needs E.g. in a local population of high disability will buy services to provide for that need such as equipment needed for paralyzed service users like a wheelchair. ...read more.

Middle

The hospital may provide more equipment to deal with drink or drug related illness. 2. Day care centres- these can be useful for disabled teenagers, who want to socialise like others but are nervous of what people may think about their disability. Day care centres will provide clubs and fun activities for disabled teenagers to go and socialise with others who are in similar situations to them. 3. Orphanages- Orphanage take all children up to the age of 18. Orphanages are for children who have been abandoned by their parents or their parents have died. They offer a home for the children, support, finance and food. 4. Children's care homes- Child care homes are similar to orphanages as in they provide food, support, security, warmth and love. However care homes are there as a temporary home for children. They work at finding the perfect family for the child in need. The child then moves in with that family on a potentially permanent basis. Care workers will work in these environments; they will work as the children's temporary parents/guardians. 5. G.P surgeries- every person will have a G.P, general practioners will mainly deal with any pain the patient is experiencing. They will prescribe drugs/medicine to relieve pain and try to cure illness. They will also work with other practioners to help combat any further pain issues. 6. Nurseries in colleges/work- these are here to allow teenage mothers to continue with study once they have a child. This service is growing dramatically, proving extremely useful to teenage families. ...read more.

Conclusion

The council tax only raise 25% of the total local authority therefore other funds is made from central government grants of which 48% of funding come from. The rest comes from non-domestic rate is a charge to business, which is set buy central government which raises 25% of funds. The local government has changed throughout the 90's. In England this change became a subject of debate. The independent local government commission (LGC) was formed, to look at the case for replacing the existing two-tier system. However the London and metropolitan England did not form part of the review. Although none of this actually happened, it was decided that all decisions were to be made according to the needs of the local area. The LGC then concluded after much debate a mixed system should be created. In some parts of the country the new system was put in place however it was decided that the existing two-tier system should be kept in some areas. The government accepted the commission's recommendations. Due to new reviews taking place, the LGC recommended the creation of an additional eight unitary authorities; therefore the many changes were as follows; 1. Elimination of three new counties (Avon, Cleveland and Humberside) created in 1974 and their replacement with four unitary authorities in each case. 2. Elimination of the Royal county of Berkshire and its replacement with six unitary authorities. 3. The creation of 46 new unitary authorities in 22 counties, mostly with large towns and cities such as Bournemouth, Milton Keynes and Derby. However Wales had a system of unitary government established by the passing of local government (Wales) Act 1994. * 22 unitary authorities 1 April 1996-responsible for all authorities functions. ...read more.

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