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Care Practice and Provision

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Introduction

AO1 Introduction I am going to describe how demographic characteristics influence the provision of local services in the area of Eastleigh. Demographic factors have a direct impact on the planning and delivery of all types of services, non-statutory and statutory. Analysis of these characteristics will enable planners to plan the delivery of health, social, educational and early-years services to meet the needs of service users at a local level. Effective planning of care practice and provision of services aims to respond to the changing needs and priorities at a local level, but also takes into consideration national priorities. Service providers will work together to ensure they understand the requirements. The local planning at Eastleigh Borough Council is influenced by demographic characteristics, including trends and how they compare to national statistics. It is also influenced by national standards, targets and objectives which are set by the government. Demographic influences include the following: health needs of the population; disability; age distribution of the population; unemployment; number of single parent families; the number of older people. I will investigate two of those demographic influences, namely the age distribution and the health needs of the population. Planners will use and establish targets or objectives against which progress or success can be measured. These will include national minimum standards, national service frameworks, strategic health authority targets and local health strategy targets. In the document "Eastleigh Borough Community Plan 2004" the council sets out its vision for the future of Eastleigh. It recognises that the changing age structure of the population will have an effect on the population's need for services. What is to be done about it is the remit of the Eastleigh Strategic Partnership. Their stated aim is to improve the quality of life of everyone and includes achieving a healthier Eastleigh. Age distribution of the population The number of people in different age ranges can be used to plan for services in the future. ...read more.

Middle

The focus of planning will be on health improvement and to tackle inequalities. Every plan should ensure that everyone gets a fair treatment or service. The stakeholders in the Hampshire PCT plan are the following: * The public (Hampshire residents) * Patients (including patient advocate groups) * Politicians * Professionals (PCT staff, NHS staff, GP pharmacists, dentists, opticians, unions) * Partners (local government, south central Strategic Health Authority, voluntary organisations) The department of Health (DoH) is a governmental body which will set the national agenda in terms of "ideas". The DoH has a three year planning cycle for health and social care services and it is overseen by the Strategic Health Authority. A sound analysis of local needs, looking at demographic influences, leads to a local delivery plan (LDP). This will include how to address key health improvement issues which are drawn from the national priority areas of the local area. These currently include smoking, obesity, reducing teenage pregnancies and improving overall fitness levels. They will depend on demographic characteristics and will be affected by predictions for the future using those demographics. These then develop into local priority actions for the PCT working together with local partners. Guiding the whole process are National standards targets and objectives. Targets are the goals that will be set. Objectives are the steps taken to achieve these targets. These targets and standards are necessary because they ensure quality of service and improvement of service. Standards are used to guide planning, and are more conceptual. A standard is a written statement that defines a level of performance or a set condition determined by an authority. The department of health sets out a planning framework (national service frameworks) which is based on standards. This will be used in planning commissioning and delivering services. An example is Every Child Matters. All NHS organisations and Social Services work to standards, which ensure minimum performance is met and improvements are made. ...read more.

Conclusion

Alcohol and substance abuse are also factors that are associated with high pregnancy rates amongst teenagers. Tighter access to Alcohol to under 18 and parental education are needed, as is again improved alcohol and substance abuse education. Children living in care and children of teenage mothers are groups that have been identified as needing to be targeted. Girls whose parents have low aspirations for them and living in deprivation re also at risk groups. These groups are earmarked for targeted youth support and training programmes for Leaving Care Teams for example. The 14-19 education agenda helps tackle this including by providing support for young mothers. Neighbourhood renewal and regeneration tackles deprivation. Children's centres work on aspirations to promote positive educational choices. The Teenage Pregnancy Unit (TPU) will implement the strategy to address many of the factors identified above. It will for instance provide information for groups that are targeted for education, by making materials such as the "rethinking" materials more widely available, or continuing to develop the "Delay" message, particularly with young men. There will be more involved in 16-17year olds in FE colleges. They will pilot SEAL materials in secondary schools. They will also work with independent retailers to promote "want respect" messages, and publish briefing sheets on teenage pregnancies. To tackle the target group in care, they will include specialist sexual and reproductive education (SRE) modules in the new training and qualification of foster and residential carers, as well as to local authorities to use with Leaving Care Teams. They will also provide an easy to use SRE toolkit designated for teachers and carers for young people in care, designed to help them discuss SRE issues. Their work will link in to the other government initiatives to support parenting which were outlined in the Social Exclusion Action Plan. Teenage or young parents will also be given support. The local target is for all teenage parents who cannot live at home, to be placed in either a dedicated housing project or have an intensive floating support package coordinated by a lead professional. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good essay that looks at how planning is made for care provision. There are a few areas that are out of date due to the current Government legislation but the essay makes good use of data to support the ideas.

It is a middle band essay at times that could be easily extended by the writer including more explanation in certain areas.

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Marked by teacher Sam Morran 07/06/2013

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