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Caring for children and young people Pass 4

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Caring for children and young people Pass 4 Describe signs and symptoms of child abuse 'Child abuse is making a child feel unwanted, ugly, worthless, guilty, unloved: being physically violent to a child; exploiting a child sexually; failing to provide the things needed for a child to grow.' Kidscape, Good practice in child protection, Christine Hobart and Jill Frankel 2005 Abuse can happen to anyone of any age, sex and race. In this unit we are focusing on children and young people. Abuse can take place in many different places such as in the family home, in school or in day care, etc. Children and young people can be abused by someone they know such as parents, siblings, babysitter, teacher, carer or another familiar adult. There are many different types of abuse I am going to give a brief definition of each and describe the signs and symptoms of the different types: Physical abuse - This type of abuse implies physical harm directed towards a child, it is the deliberate physical injury to a child. In some cases it can be hard to distinguish between abuse and accidental injuries. ...read more.


frightened of parents or carers * Withdraw close relationships with adults and other children * Self destructive behaviour * Become aggressive Neglect - This is the persistent failure to meet a child's essential basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, love, care and medical attention. I am now going to explain hat neglect can involve, it is the following: * Child being left alone in the house for long periods of time * The carers failure to meet child's needs * Child left in cold conditions * Lack of medical treatment * Dirty unsuitable clothing * Bad hygiene * Inadequate food and therefore always hungry and very underweight looking. The Signs and symptoms of a child being neglected are: * Poor hygiene * Clothes dirty * Untreated medical condition * Poor nourishment * Lack of interest * Wants to hug and kiss all the time * Late to school * Missing school * Withdrawn * Not giving love attention * Low self esteem * Inability to make relationships * Compulsive stealing, particularly of food * Poor language skills * Unfamiliar with stories and toys, etc Emotional abuse - This type of abuse includes a child being continually terrorised, berated or rejected. ...read more.


throat area * Act hysterically when clothes are being removed or nappy changed * May start to drop hints about 'secrets' Bullying and harassment- Bullying is deliberately hurting and acting aggressively towards someone. It can last for short periods of time or else over a long period of time and it can be difficult for victims to defend themselves. There are different types of bullying they include physical, verbal and indirect. I am now going to describe the different ways in which bullying and harassment can take form: * Hurting /attacking physically * Stealing belongings * Racial harassment * Sexual harassment * Gang up on someone * Threatening someone * Unwanted texts phone calls * Name calling * Insulting * Offensive marks/gestures * Spreading nasty untrue stories * Exclusion from social groups * Rumours Some of the signs that a child is being bullied are: * Unexplained cuts and bruises * 'Lost' possessions * Possessions may become damaged * The child may become withdrawn * They child may suffer from depression * They will suddenly not want to go to a particular setting in which they usually enjoy ?? ?? ?? ?? Emma McMahon First Draft Pass 4 ...read more.

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