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Communication M2

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Introduction

Explaining Specific Communication Needs that Require Support, including Technology. Many people may need extra help from others or technologies to communicate efficiently. There is a large variety of needs that may acquire some assistance, some easier to deal with than others. Some factors that may affect communication are: * Culture * Emotional Needs * Proffered Language * Environment Some support for communication needs available are: * Advocates * Speech Therapists * Counsellors * Sign Language, Braille and Makaton * Technologies Factors that may affect communication: Culture Many cultures have different beliefs about suitable communication between people, for example they may consider certain body language and hand gestures appropriate, whereas others may find it offensive. An example of this is the 'thumbs up' hand gesture, which is commonly used to show that something is good or OK, but it is an insult if you were to show someone in Iran, Afghanistan, Nigeria and parts of Italy and Greece. (OOZE) Also, a language in one part of a country could be different from somewhere else in the same country. ...read more.

Middle

This means that to meet their needs, there would need to be someone who speaks the same language as them to make sure the service user gains a complete understanding. It can also help that the translator is from the same area as the service user, as accents may come through when speaking their language, making it harder for them to identify certain words or mix words up. Environment The environment that you are in can affect the communication, preventing someone from getting information that they require. To try to communicate with people you have to be able to clearly see and hear what they are saying, so if you are in a crowded or noisy room, it can affect the information that gets transferred from one person to another. Noisy rooms can also affect hearing aids because they amplify everything including background sounds. Support for communication needs available: Advocates An advocate is someone that speaks on behalf of someone else if they cannot or are not allowed to speak from themselves. For example, a lawyer is an advocate for their client in the courtroom. ...read more.

Conclusion

Makaton is a form of communication that combines gestures, symbols and sounding words. It is used to help and encourage people with learning difficulties to use speech and language effectively. It can help improve people cognitive and articulation problems such as Cerebral Palsy, Down's Syndrome and Autism. (Wikipedia, 2008) Technologies To communicate to a person when they have a specific need, technology can be helpful to make it quick and thorough, not skipping corners. There is a wide range of technologies that can assist communication including: * Large writing displays * Text reading software * Cochlear implant * Hearing Aids Cochlear Implant is a transmitter that is worn behind the ear and has small electrodes implanted under the skin. It is designed to rouse the auditory nerve (how we hear) and can assist people who are hearing impaired. It cannot give perfect hearing but gives a feeling of sound that improves over time. It helps people that were born with hearing but lost it through an accident or illness more than people that were born deaf. These are similar to hearing aids, as they increase the quality of hearing for that person. ...read more.

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